Anderson J., 1999: The Orkneyinga Saga, Edinburgh.
Appadurai A., 1986: The social life of things. Commodities in cultural perspective, New York.
Ashby S.P., 2009: Combs, contact, and chronology. Reconsidering hair combs in early-historic and Viking-age Atlantic Scotland, Medieval archaeology, 53, 1–33.
Ashby S.P., Coutu A. and Sindbaek S.M., in press. Urban networks and Arctic outlands. Craft specialists and reindeer antler in Viking towns.
Bakka E., 1963: Some English decorated metal objects found in Norwegian Viking graves, Bergen (Arbok Univ. Bergen, Human. Ser. 1).
Barrett J.H., 2007: The pirate fishermen. The political economy of a medieval maritime society, in Ballin Smith B., Taylor S. and Williams G. (eds), West over sea. Studies in Scandinavian sea-borne expansion and settlement before 1300. A festschrift in honor of Dr. Barbara E. Crawford, Leiden, 299–340.
Barrett J.H., 2008: What caused the Viking Age? Antiquity 82, 671–85.
Barrett J.H., 2010: Rounding up the usual suspects. Causation and the Viking Age diaspora, in Anderson A., Barrett J.H. and Boyle K.V. (eds), The global origins and development of seafaring. Cambridge, 289–302.
Barrett J.H., 2013: Being an islander. Production and identity at Quoygrew, Orkney, A.D. 900–1600, Cambridge.
Barrett J.H., and Anderson A., 2010. Histories of global seafaring. A discussion, in Anderson A., Barrett J.H. and Boyle K.V. (eds), The global origins and development of seafaring, Cambridge, 305–14.
Barrett J.H., Beukens R.P., Simpson I., Ashmore P., Poaps S. and Huntley J., 2000: What was the Viking Age and when did it happen? Norwegian archaeological review 33, 1–40.
Bately J., and Englert A. (eds), 2007: Ohthere's voyages. A late 9th-century account of voyages along the coasts of Norway and Denmark and its cultural context, Roskilde (Maritime Culture of the North 1).
Blindheim C., 1976: A collection of Celtic (?) bronze objects found at Kaupang (Skiringssal), Vestfold, Norway, in Almqvist B. and Greene D. (eds), Proceedings of the Seventh Viking Congress, Dublin, 9–27.
Bradley R., 1990: The passage of arms. An archaeological analysis of prehistoric hoard and votive deposits, Oxford.
Bradley R.S., Hughes M.K. and Diaz H.F., 2003: Climate in medieval time, Science 302, 404–5.
Burström M., 1993: Silver as bridewealth. An interpretation of Viking Age silver hoards on Gotland, Current Swedish archaeology 1, 33–37.
Callmer J., 1995: The influx of oriental beads into Europe during the 8th century, in Rasmussen M., Lund Hansen U. and Nasman U. (eds), Glass beads. Cultural history, technology, experiment and analogy, Lejre, 49–54.
Carver M.O.H.C., 2001: Why that? Why there? Why then? The politics of early medieval monumentality, in Hamerow H. and MacGregor A. (eds), Image and power in the archaeology of early medieval Britain. Essays in honour of Rosemary Cramp, Oxford, 1–22.
Carver M.O.H.C., 2008: Portmahomack. Monastery of the Picts, Edinburgh and Oxford.
Clarke D., 1978: Analytical archaeology, London.
Collins R., 2012: Hadrian's Wall and the end of empire. The Roman frontier in the 4th and 5th centuries, London.
Dahl-Jensen D., Mosegaard K., Gundetrup N., Clow G.D., Johnsen S.J., Hansen A.W. and Balling N., 1998: Past temperatures directly from Greenland ice sheet, Science 282, 268–71.
Dommasnes L.H., 1982: Late Iron Age in western Norway. Female roles and ranks as deduced from an analysis of burial customs, Norwegian archaeological review 15, 70–84.
Duczko W., 2004: Viking Rus. Studies on the presence of Scandinavians in eastern Europe, Leiden.
Edmonds M., 1999: Ancestral geographies of the Neolithic. Landscapes, monuments and memory, London.
Gell A., 1992: The technology of enchantment and the enchantment of technology, in Coote J. and Shelton A. (eds), Anthropology, art and aesthetics, Oxford, 40–67.
Gell A., 1998: Art and agency. An anthropological theory, Oxford.
Giles M., 2013: A forged glamour. Landscape, identity and material culture in the Iron Age, Oxford.
Gosden C., 2005: What do objects want? Journal of archaeological method and theory 12(3), 193–211.
Graham-Campbell J., 2011: The Cuerdale hoard and related Viking-Age silver and gold from Britain and Ireland in the British Museum, London.
Halsall G., 2003: Warfare and society in the barbarian West 450–900, London.
Haywood J., 1999: Dark Age naval power. A reassessment of Frankish and Anglo-Saxon seafaring activity, Hockwood-cum-Wilton.
Hedeager L., 2011: Iron Age myth and materiality. An archaeology of Scandinavia AD 400–1000, London.
Heen-Pettersen A.M., 2014: Insular artefacts from Viking-Age burials from mid-Norway. A review of contact between Trøndelag and Britain and Ireland, Internet archaeology 38, available at http://dx.doi.org/10.11141/ia.38.2.
Helms M.W., 1988: Ulysses’ sail. An ethnographic odyssey of power, knowledge, and geographical distance, Princeton, NJ.
Helms M.W., 1992: Long-distance contacts, elite aspirations, and the age of discovery in cosmological context, in Schortman E. and Urban P. (eds), Resources, power, and interregional interaction, New York, 157–74.
Helms M.W., 1993: Craft and the kingly ideal. Art, trade, and power, Austin.
Hill D., 1981: An atlas of Anglo-Saxon England, Toronto.
Hodges R., 1982: Dark Age economics, London.
Ingram J., 1912: The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, London.
Karlsson S., and Robertsson A.-M. 1997: Human impact in the Lake Mälaren region, south-central Sweden during the Viking Age (A.D. 750–1050). A survey of biostratigraphical evidence, in Miller U. and Clarke H. (eds), Environment and Vikings. Scientific methods and techniques, Stockholm, 47–72.
Kleingärtner S., 2014: Reuse of foreign objects, in Williams G., Pentz G. and Wemhoff M. (eds), Vikings. Life and legend, London, 74–75.
Konsa M., Allmae R., Maldre L. and Vassiljev J., 2008: Rescue excavations of a Vendel Era boat-grave in Salme, Saaremaa, Archaeological fieldwork in Estonia, 2008, 53–64.
Kurtz R., 1969: Headmen and war changers. Role theory in the early Canyocito, Navajo, Ethnohistory 16, 83–111.
Laino F., and Ashby S.P., in prep.: Intimate economies and the objects of affection. Gifting and intimate personal relationships in past society.
Lemonnier P., 2012: Mundane objects. Materiality and non-verbal communication, Walnut Creek, CA (UCL Institute of Archaeology Critical Cultural Heritage Series, 10).
Lévi-Strauss C., 1963: Structural anthropology, New York.
Ljungkvist J., 2008: Handicrafts, in Brink S. and Price N. (eds), The Viking world, London, 186–92.
Lunde P., and Stone C. (tr.), 2012: Ibn Fadlān and the land of darkness. Arab travellers in the far north, London.
McLeod S., 2014: The beginning of Norse settlement in England. The Viking ‘Great Army’ and early settlers, c.865–900, Turnhout.
Miller D., 1987: Material culture and mass consumption, Oxford.
Miller D., 2002: Coca-Cola. A black sweet drink from Trinidad, in Buchli R. (ed.), The material culture reader, Oxford, 245–63.
Myhre B., 1993: The beginning of the Viking Age. Some current archaeological problems, in Faulkes A. and Perkins R. (eds), Viking revaluations, London, 182–204.
Myhre B., 2000: The archaeology of the early Viking Age in Norway, in Clarke H., Ní Mhaonaigh M. and Floinn R. Ó (eds), Ireland and Scandinavia in the early Viking Age, Dublin, 3–36.
Nugent D., 1993: Property relations, production relations, and inequality. Anthropology, political economy, and the Blackfeet, American ethnologist 20, 336–62.
Price N.S., 2002: The Viking way. Religion and war in Late Iron Age Scandinavia, Uppsala.
Ritchie A., 1977: Excavation of Pictish and Viking-Age farmsteads at Buckquoy, Orkney. Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 108, 174–227.
Roslund M., 1990: Nittiotalets medeltidsarkeologi och det döda barnet, Fornvännen 85, 283–92.
Said E.W., 1978: Orientalism, London.
Sheehan J., 2013: Viking raiding, gift-exchange and insular metalwork in Norway, in Reynolds A. and Webster L. (eds), Early medieval art and archaeology in the Northern World. Studies in honour of James Graham-Campbell, Leiden, 809–23.
Sindbaek S.M., 2011: Silver economies and social ties. Long-distance interaction, long-term investments – and why the Viking Age happened, in Graham-Campbell J., Sindbaek S.M. and Williams G. (eds), Silver economies, monetisation and society in Scandinavia AD 800–1100. Moesgård, 41–66.
Skre D., 2001: The social context of settlement in Norway in the first millennium AD. Norwegian archaeological review 34, 1–34.
Sweet L., 1965: Camel raiding of North African Bedouin. A mechanism of ecological adaptation, American anthropologist 67, 1132–50.
Thomas N., 1991: Entangled objects. Exchange, material culture, and colonialism in the Pacific, Cambridge, MA.
Trotzig G., 1988: Beads made of cowrie shells from the Red Sea and the Indian Ocean found on Gotland, in Hårdh B., Larsson L., Olausson D. and Petré R. (eds), Trade and exchange in prehistory. Studies in honour of Berta Stjernquist, Lund, 287–94.
Vedeler M., 2014: Silk for the Vikings, Oxford (Ancient Textiles Series 15).
Wamers E., 1985: Insularer Metallschmuck in wikingerzeitlichen Gräbern Nordeuropas, Neumünster.
Wamers E., 1998: Insular finds in Viking Age Scandinavia and the state formation of Norway, in Clarke H., Mhaonaigh M. Ní and Floinn R. Ó (eds), Ireland and Scandinavia in the Early Viking Age, Dublin, 37–72.
Wamers E., 2011: Continental and insular metalwork, in Skre D. (ed.), Things from the town, Moesgård, 65–97 (Kaupang Excavation Project Publication Series 3).
Wicker N.L., 1998: Selective female infanticide as partial explanation for the dearth of women in Viking Age Scandinavia, in Halsall G. (ed.), Violence and society in the early Medieval West, Woodbridge, 205–21.
Wicker N.L., 1999: Infanticide in Late Iron Age Scandinavia, in Downes J. and Pollard T. (eds), The loved body's corruption. Archaeological contributions to the study of human mortality, Glasgow, 106–19.
Williams G., 2008: Raiding and warfare, in Brink S. and Price N. (eds), The Viking world, London, 193–203.
Williams G., and Ager B., 2010: The Vale of York hoard, London.