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“Nonmonotonic” does not mean “probabilistic”

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  12 February 2009


Keith Stenning
Affiliation:
Human Communication Research Center, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH8 9LW, United Kingdomkeith@inf.ed.ac.ukwww.inf.ed.ac.uk/people/staff/Keith_Stenning
Michiel van Lambalgen
Affiliation:
Institute for Logic, Language and Computation, Department of Philosophy, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, 1012CP, The Netherlands. M.vanLambalgen@uva.nlhttp://staff.science.uva.nl/~michiell
Corresponding

Abstract

Oaksford & Chater (O&C) advocate Bayesian probability as a way to deal formally with the pervasive nonmonotonicity of common sense reasoning. We show that some forms of nonmonotonicity cannot be treated by Bayesian methods.


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Open Peer Commentary
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2009

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References

Antoniou, G. (1997) Nonmonotonic reasoning. MIT Press.Google Scholar
Byrne, R. M. J. (1989) Suppressing valid inferences with conditionals. Cognition 31:6183.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Oaksford, M. & Chater, N. (2007) Bayesian rationality: The probabilistic approach to human reasoning. Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Stenning, K. & van Lambalgen, M. (2005) Semantic interpretation as reasoning in non-monotonic logic: The real meaning of the suppression task. Cognitive Science 29(6):919–60.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Stenning, K. & van Lambalgen, M. (2008a) Human reasoning and cognitive science. MIT Press.Google ScholarPubMed
Stenning, K. & van Lambalgen, M. (2008b) Logic in a noisy world. In: Cognition and conditionals: Probability and logic in human thought, eds. Oaksford, M. & Chater, N.. Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

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“Nonmonotonic” does not mean “probabilistic”
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