Hostname: page-component-8448b6f56d-m8qmq Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-04-21T13:46:18.675Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

The nurture of nature: Social, developmental, and environmental controls of aggression

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  01 June 1998

Charles T. Snowdon
Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706-1696


Evidence from many species suggests that social, developmental, and cognitive variables are important influences on aggression. Few direct activational or organizational effects of hormones on aggression and dominance are found in nonhuman primates. Female aggression and dominance are relatively frequent and occur with low testosterone levels. Social, cultural, and developmental mechanisms have more important influences on dominance and aggression than hormones.

Open Peer Commentary
© 1998 Cambridge University Press

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)