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Addiction science as a hedgehog and as a fox

  • Warren K. Bickel (a1) and Richard Yi (a1)

Redish et al. provide a significant advance in our understanding of addiction by showing that the various addictive processes are in fact all decision-making processes and each may undergird addiction. We propose means for identifying more central addiction processes. This recognition of the complexity of addiction followed by identification of more central processes would help guide the development of prevention and treatment.

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A. Bechara (2005) Decision making, impulse control and loss of willpower to resist drugs: A neurocognitive perspective. Nature Neuroscience 8(11):1458–63.

W. K. Bickel & L. A. Marsch (2001) Toward a behavioral economic understanding of drug dependence: Delay discounting processes. Addiction 96:7386.

W. K. Bickel , M. L. Miller , R. Yi , B. P. Kowal , D. M. Lindquist & J. A. Pitcock (2007) Behavioral and neuroeconomics of drug addiction: Competing neural systems and temporal discounting processes. Drug and Alcohol Dependence 90(S1):S85S91.

R. A. Chambers , W. K. Bickel & M. N. Potenza (2007) A scale-free systems theory of motivation and addiction. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews 31(7):1017–45.

H. Jeong , S. P. Mason , A. L. Barabasi & Z. N. Oltvai (2001) Lethality and centrality in protein networks. Nature 411(6833):41.

S. M. McClure , D. I. Laibson , G. Loewenstein & J. D. Cohen (2004) Separate neural systems value immediate and delayed monetary rewards. Science 306(5695):503507.

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Behavioral and Brain Sciences
  • ISSN: 0140-525X
  • EISSN: 1469-1825
  • URL: /core/journals/behavioral-and-brain-sciences
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