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Base-rate respect meets affect neglect

  • Paul Whitney (a1), John M. Hinson (a1) and Allison L. Matthews (a1)

While improving the theoretical account of base-rate neglect, Barbey & Sloman's (B&S's) target article suffers from affect neglect by failing to consider the fundamental role of emotional processes in “real world” decisions. We illustrate how affective influences are fundamental to decision making, and discuss how the dual process model can be a useful framework for understanding hot and cold cognition in reasoning.

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I. Blanchette (2006) The effect of emotion on interpretation and logic in a conditional reasoning task. Memory and Cognition 34:1112–25.

S. Epstein (1994) Integration of the cognitive and psychodynamic unconscious. American Psychologist 49:709–24.

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J. M. Hinson , P. Whitney , H. Holben & A. K. Wirick (2006) Affective biasing of choices in gambling task decision making. Cognitive, Affective, and Behavioral Neuroscience 6:190200.

D. Kahneman & S. Frederick (1979) Prospect theory: An analysis of decision under risk. Econometrica 47:263–91.

E. Peters & P. Slovic (2000) The springs of action: Affective and analytic information processing in choice. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 26:1465–75.

A. G. Sanfey , G. Loewenstein , S. M. McClure & J. D. Cohen (2006) Neuroeconomics: Cross currents in research on decision-making. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 10:108–16.

P. Slovic , M. L. Finucane , E. Peters & D. G. MacGregor (2004) Risk as analysis and risk as feelings: Some thoughts about affect, reason, risk, and rationality. Risk Analysis 24:311–22.

P. Slovic , E. Peters , M. L. Finucane & D. G. MacGregor (2005) Affect, risk, and decision making. Health Psychology 24:S35S40.

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Behavioral and Brain Sciences
  • ISSN: 0140-525X
  • EISSN: 1469-1825
  • URL: /core/journals/behavioral-and-brain-sciences
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