Skip to main content

Conscious thinking, acceptance, and self-deception

  • Keith Frankish (a1)

This commentary describes another variety of self-deception, highly relevant to von Hippel & Trivers's (VH&T's) project. Drawing on dual-process theories, I propose that conscious thinking is a voluntary activity motivated by metacognitive attitudes, and that our choice of reasoning strategies and premises may be biased by unconscious desires to self-deceive. Such biased reasoning could facilitate interpersonal deception, in line with VH&T's view.

Hide All
Bratman M. E. (1992) Practical reasoning and acceptance in a context. Mind 101(401):115.
Carruthers P. (2006) The architecture of the mind: Massive modularity and the flexibility of thought. Oxford University Press.
Carruthers P. (2009a) An architecture for dual reasoning. In: In two minds: Dual processes and beyond, ed. Evans J. St. B. T. & Frankish K., pp. 109–27. Oxford University Press.
Cohen L. J. (1992) An essay on belief and acceptance. Oxford University Press.
Dennett D. C. (1991) Consciousness explained. Little, Brown and Co.
Evans J. St. B. T. (2007) Hypothetical thinking: Dual processes in reasoning and judgement. Psychology Press.
Evans J. St. B. T. (2008) Dual-processing accounts of reasoning, judgment, and social cognition. Annual Review of Psychology 59:255–78.
Evans J. St. B. T. & Frankish K., eds. (2009) In two minds: Dual processes and beyond. Oxford University Press.
Evans J. St. B. T. & Over D. E. (1996) Rationality and reasoning. Psychology Press.
Frankish K. (2004) Mind and supermind. Cambridge University Press.
Frankish K. (2009) Systems and levels: Dual-system theories and the personal-subpersonal distinction. In: In two minds: Dual processes and beyond, ed. Evans J. St. B. T. & Frankish K., pp. 89107. Oxford University Press.
Frankish K. (2010) Dual-process and dual-system theories of reasoning. Philosophy Compass 5(10):914–26.
Frankish K. & Evans J. St. B. T. (2009) The duality of mind: An historical perspective. In: In two minds: Dual processes and beyond, ed. Evans J. St. B. T. & Frankish K., pp. 129. Oxford University Press.
Kahneman D. & Frederick S. (2002) Representativeness revisited: Attribute substitution in intuitive judgment. In: Heuristics and biases: The psychology of intuitive judgment, ed. Gilovich T., Griffin D. & Kahneman D., pp. 4981. Cambridge University Press.
Sloman S. A. (1996) The empirical case for two systems of reasoning. Psychological Bulletin 119(1):322.
Stanovich K. E. (1999) Who is rational?: Studies of individual differences in reasoning. Erlbaum.
Stanovich K. E. (2004) The robot's rebellion: Finding meaning in the age of Darwin. University of Chicago Press.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Behavioral and Brain Sciences
  • ISSN: 0140-525X
  • EISSN: 1469-1825
  • URL: /core/journals/behavioral-and-brain-sciences
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 17
Total number of PDF views: 54 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 203 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 19th November 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.