Skip to main content Accessibility help

“Consciousness” is the name of a nonentity1

  • Deborah Hodgkin (a1) and Alasdair I. Houston (a2)



Hide All
Allport, A. (1988) What concept of consciousness? In: Consciousness in contemporary science, ed. Marcel, A. J. and Bisiach, E.. Oxford University Press. [AWY]
Anderson, J. R. (1982) Acquisition of cognitive skill. Psychological Review 89:369406. [EAC]
(1983) The architecture of cognition. Harvard University Press. [EAC]
Baars, B. (1988) A cognitive theory of consciousness. Cambridge University Press. [GU]
Balota, D. A. & Chumbley, J. I. (1984) Are lexical decisions a good measure of lexical access? The role of word frequency in the neglected decision stage. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance 10:340–57. [DH]
Barge, J. A. (1989) Conditional automaticity: Varieties of automatic influence in social perception and cognition. In: Unintended thought, ed. Uleman, J. S. & Bargh, J. A. Guilford Publications. [JSU]
Bealer, G. (1984) Mind and anti-mind. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 9:283328. [GR]
Block, N. (1978) Troubles with functionalism. In: Minnesota Studies in Philosophy of Science IX, ed. Savage, C. W., [asp, GU]
(1980) Are absent qualia impossible? The Philosophical Review 89:257–74. [asp, GU]
(1986) Advertisement for a semantics for psychology. In: Studies in the philosophy of mind, vol. 10, Midwest Studies in Philosophy, ed. French, P., Euhling, T. & Wettstein, H., University of Minnesota Press. [GR]
Bridgeman, B. (1988) The biology of behavior and mind. Wiley. [BB]
Carlson, R. A. & Dulany, D. E. (1985) Conscious attention and abstraction in concept learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition 11:4558. [RAC]
(1988) Diagnostic reasoning with circumstantial evidence. Cognitive Psychology 20:463–92. [RAC]
Cheesman, J. & Merikle, P. M. (1985) Word recognition and consciousness. In: Reading research, vol. 5, ed. Besner, D., Waller, T. G. & MacKinnon, G. E. Academic Press. [GU]
Chomsky, N. (1976) Reflections on language. Temple Smith. [aJES]
(1980a) Rules and representations. Columbia University Press. [NC]
(1980b) Rules and representations. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3:161. [DH]
(1986) Knowledge of language. Its nature, origin, and use. Praeger Special Studies. [aJRS, GR]
Cowie, A. (1979) Cortical maps and visual perception. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology 31:117. [AIH]
Cratchfield, J., Farmer, J., Packard, N. & Shaw, R. (1987) Chaos. Scientific American 255:4657. [CAS]
Dawkins, R. (1979) Twelve misunderstandings of kin selection. Zeitschrift für Tierpsychologie 51:184200. [AIH]
De Groot, A. M. B. (1985) Word-context effects in word naming and lexical decision. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology 37A:281–97. [DH]
Demopoulos, W. & Matthews, R. J. (1983) On the hypothesis that grammars are mentally represented. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 6(3):423–86. [aJES]
Dennett, D. (1981) Brainstorms. Bradford Books/MIT Press. [DM]
Devitt, M. (1981) Designation. Columbia University Press. [GR]
Dixon, N. (1981) Preconscious processing. John Wiley. [GU]
Dretske, F. (1981) Knowledge and the flow of information. MIT Press. [GR]
(1981) Explaining behavior: Reasons in a world of causes. MIT Press. [GR]
Dulany, D. E. (1968) Awareness, rules, and prepositional control: A confrontation with S-R behavior theory. In: Verbal behavior and general behavior theory, ed. Dixon, T. R. & Horton, D. L.Prentice-Hall. [RAC]
(1984) A strategy for investigating consciousness. Paper presented at meetings of the Psychonomic Society, San Antonio, Texas. [MAC]
Dulany, D. E., Carlson, R. A. & Dewey, G. I. (1984) A case of syntactical learning and judgment: How conscious and how abstract? Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 114:2532. [RAC]
(1985) On consciousness in syntactical learning and judgment: A reply to Reber, Allen, and Regan. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 114:2532. [EAC]
Eccles, J. C. (1970) Facing reality: Adventures of a brain scientist. Springer-Verlag. [WJF]
Ellenberger, H. F. (1970) The discovery of the unconscious: The history and evolution of dynamic psychiatry. Basic Books. [AWY]
Erdelyi, M. H. (1985) Psychoanalysis: Freud's cognitive psychology. W. H Freeman. [DH]
(1986) Experimental indeterminacies in the dissociation paradigm of subliminal perception. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9:3031 [DH]
Fodor, J. A. (1975) The Language of thought. Thomas Y. Crowell. [DM]
(1983) The modularity of mind. MIT Press. [DH]
(1985) Précis on “The modularity of mind.” Behavioral and Brain Sciences 8:142. [DH]
(1987) Psychosemantics. MIT Press. [GR]
(1990) Psychosemantics, or where do truth conditions come from? In: Mind and cognition, ed. W. Lycan. [GR]
Freeman, W. J. (1975) Mass action in the nervous system. Academic Press. [WJF]
(in press) Sobre el error de fijar origen del consciencia. Intersciencia. [WJF]
Freeman, W. & Schneider, W. (1982) Changes in spatial patterns of rabbit olfactory EEG with conditioning to odors. Psychophysiology 19:4456. [CAS]
Freeman, W. & Skarda, C. (1985) Spatial EEG patterns, nonlinear dynamics and perception: The neo-Sherringtonian view. Brain Research Reviews 10:147–75. [CAS]
Freidin, R. & Quicoli, A. C. (1989) Zero stimulation for parameter setting. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12(2):338–39. [RF]
Freud, S. (1915) The unconscious, reprinted (1959) in Collected Papers, vol. 4. Basic Books. [aJRS]
(1949) Outline of psycho-analysis, trans. Strachey, James. Hogarth Press. [aJRS]
Goldman-Rakic, P. (1987) Development of cortical circuitry and cognitive function. Child Development 58:601–22. [PDZ]
Gregory, R. L. (1963) Distortion of visual space as inappropriate constancy scaling. Nature 1939:678–80. [AWY]
Gregory, R. L. (1966) Eye and brain: The psychology of seeing. Weidenfeld and Nicolson. [AWY]
Halligan, P. W. & Marshall, J. C. (1988) Blindsight and insight in visuo-spatial neglect. Nature Dec. 22. [NC]
Harman, Gilbert (1990) The intrinsic quality of experience. Philosophical Perspectives 4:3152. [GH]
Hayes, N. A. & Broadbent, D. E. (1988) Two modes of learning for interactive tasks. Cognition 28:249–76. [DH, GU]
Hill, T., Lewicki, P., Czyzewska, M. & Boss, A. (1989) Self-perpetuating development of encoding biases in person perception. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 57:373–87. [MC]
Hille, B. (1983) Theories of anesthesia: General perturbations versus specific receptors. In: Molecular menchanisms of anesthesia (Progress in anesthesiology, vol. 2), ed. Fink, B. R. Raven Press. [JCK]
Hinton, G. (1985) Learning in parallel networks. Byte 10:265. [CAS]
Holender, D. (1986) Semantic activation without conscious identification in dichotic listening, parafoveal vision, and visual masking: A survey and appraisal. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9:166. [DH]
(1987a) Semantic activation without conscious identification: Can progress be made? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 10:768–73. [DH]
(1987b) Is the unconscious amenable to scientific scrutiny? Canadian Psychology 28:120–24. [DH]
(in press) Comment: Writing systems and the modularity of language. In: Modularity and the motor theory of speech perception, ed. I. G. Mattingly & M. Studdert-Kennedy. Erlbaum. [DH]
Hopfield, J. & Tank, D. (1986) Computing with neural circuits: A model. Science 233:625–33. [CAS]
Horn, B. K. P. (1977) Understanding image intensities. Artificial Intelligence 8:201–32. [AIH]
Huttenlocher, P. R. (1979) Synaptic density in the human frontal cortex-Developmental changes and the effects of aging. Brain Research 163:195205. [PDZ]
James, W. (1890) The principles of psychology. Holt. [GU]
(1890/1950) The principles of psychology. Dover Publications. [JL]
(1896) Principles of psychology (Great Books edition, 1952) University of Chicago Press. [JS]
Kahneman, D., Slovic, P. & Tversky, A. (1982) Judgment under uncertainty: Heuristics and biases. Cambridge University Press. [MP-P]
Klatzky, R. L. (1984) Memory and awareness: An information-processing perspective. W. H Freeman. [GU]
Kohonen, T. (1984) Self-organization and associative memory. Springer Verlag. [CAS]
Kushwaha, R., Williams, W. J., Shevrin, H. & Sachellares, C. (1989) An information flow technique in ERP application. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society 11th Annual Conference. Session 2770:715–16. [HS]
Lehky, S. R. & Sejnowski, T. J. (1988) Network models of shape from shading. Nature 333:452–54. [AIH]
Lewicki, P. (1986) Nonconscious social information processing. Academic Press. [GU]
Lewicki, P. & Hill, T. (1989) On the status of nonconscious processes in human cognition. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 118:239–41. [MC]
Limber, J. (1978) Goodbye behaviorism. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 1:581–83. [JL]
(1982) What can chimps tell us about the origins of language? In: Language development, vol. 2, ed. Kuczaj, S.. Erlbaum. [JL]
Lisberger, S. G. (1988) The neural basis for learning of simple motor skills. Science 242:728–35. [aJRS]
Lisberger, S. G. & Pavelko, T. A. (1988) Brain stem neurons in modified pathways for motor learning in the primate vestibulo-ocular reflex. Science 242:771–73. [aJRS]
Lloyd, D. (1989) Simple minds. Bradford Books/MIT Press. [DL]
(in press) Leaping to conclusions: Connectionism, consciousness, and the computational mind. In: Connectionism and the philosophy of mind, ed. T. Horgan & J. Tienson. Kluwer Academic Publishers. [DL]
Marcel, T. (1983) Conscious and unconscious perception: Experiments on visual masking and word recognition. Cognitive Psychology 15:197237. [GU]
McKoon, G. & Ratcliff, R. (1986) Inferences about predictable events. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition 12:8291. [JSU]
Michenfelder, J. H. (1988) Assessing the brain. In: Anesthesia and the brain, ed. Michenfelder, J. H. Churchill Livingstone. [JCK]
Millikan, R. (1984) Language, thought, and other biological categories. MIT Press. [GR]
(1986) Thoughts without laws, cognitive science with content. Philosophical Review 95:4780. [AC]
Neely, J. H. (in press) Semantic priming effect in visual word recognition: A selective review of current findings and theories. In: Basic processes in reading: Visual word recognition, ed. D. Besner & G. Humphreys. Erlbaum. [DH]
Neely, J. H., Reefe, D. E. & Ross, K. L. (1989) Semantic priming in the lexical decision task: Roles of prospective prime-generated expectancies and retrospective semantic matching. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition 15:1003–19. [DH]
Newman, L. A. & Uleman, J. S. (in press) Assimilation and contrast effects in spontaneous trait inferences. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 16. [JSU]
Nisbett, R. & Ross, L. (1980) Human inference: Strategies and shortcomings of social judgment. Prentice-Hall. [JSU]
Nisbett, R. & Wilson, T. (1977) On saying more than we can know. Psychological Review 84(3):231–59. [GR]
Pope, K. S. & Singer, J. L. (1978) Regulation of the stream of consciousness: Toward a theory of ongoing thought. In: Consciousness and self-regulation, vol. 2, ed. Schwartz, G. E. & Shapiro, D.. John Wiley. [GU]
Puccetti, R. (1981) The case for mental duality: Evidence from split-brain data and other considerations. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4:93123. [JCK]
Putnam, H. (1975) The meaning of meaning. In: Mind, language, and reality: Philosophical papers, vol. 2, ed. Putnam, H.. Cambridge University Press. [GH]
Quine, W. V. O. (1960) Word and object. Technology Press of MIT and John Wiley & Sons. [aJRS]
Reber, A. S. (1989) Implicit learning and tacit knowledge. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 118:219–35. [DH]
Reber, A. S., Kassim, S. M., Lewis, S. & Cantor, S. (1980) On the relationship between implicit and explicit modes of learning a complex rule structure. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Learning and Performance 6:492502. [GU]
Reeves, J. W. (1965) Thinking about thinking: Studies in the background of some psychological approaches. Seeker and Warburg. [AWY]
Reingold, E. M. & Merikle, P. M. (1988) Using direct and indirect measures to study perception without awareness. Perception and Psychophysics 44:563–75. [DH]
Rey, G. (1986) What's really going on in Searle's “Chinese Room.” Philosophical Studies 50:169–85. [GR]
Rips, L. J. (1983) Cognitive processes in propositional reasoning. Psychological Review 90:3871. [RAC]
Rock, I. (1984) Perception. W. H Freeman. [aJRS, GR]
Rogers, R. L., Papanicolaou, A. C, Baumann, S. B., Eisenberg, H. M. & Saydjari, C. (1990) Spatially distributed cortical excitation patterns of auditory processing during contralateral and ipsilateral stimulation. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 2:4450. [JCK]
Rose, S. (1987) Molecules and minds. Open University Press. [CAS]
Rosenthal, David M. (1985) Intentionality. Midwest Studies. Philosophy X: 151–84 (reprinted, with postscript [1989] in Rerepresentation: Readings in the philosophy of mental representation, ed. S. Silvers. D. Reidel Publishing Co.) [DMR]
(1986) Two concepts of consciousness. Philosophical Studies 49(3):329–59. [DMR]
(1990) A theory of consciousness. Report, Center for Interdisciplinary Research (ZiF), Research Group on Mind and Brain, University of Bielefeld, West Germany. [DMR]
Ross, L., Lepper, M. R. & Hubbard, M. (1975) Perseverance in self-perception and social perception: Biased attribution processes in the debriefing paradigm. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 32:880–92. [JSU]
Rozin, P. & Schull, J. (1988) The adaptive-evolutionary point of view in experimental psychology. In: S. S. Stevens' handbook of experimental psychology, 2d ed., ed. Atkinson, R., Herrnstein, R., Lindzey, G. & Luce, R. D. Wiley. [JS]
Sarna, S. K. & Otterson, M. F.Gastrointestinal motility: Some basic concepts. Pharmacology Supplement 36:714. [aJRS]
Schacter, D. L. (1987) Implicit memory: History and current status. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition 13:501–18. [DH, JSU]
Schacter, D. L., McAndrews, M. P. & Moscovitch, M. (1988) Access to consciousness: Dissociations between implicit and explicit knowledge in neuropsychological syndromes. In: Thought without language, ed. Weiskrantz, L.. Clarendon Press. [DH]
Schull, J. (1990) Are species intelligent? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 13(1):6375. [JS]
(in press) Evolution and learning: Analogies and interactions. In: The evolution paradigm, ed. Ervin Laszlo. Gordon and Breach Science Publishers. [JS]
(in preparation) William James and the nature of selection. [JS]
Searle, J. R. (1969) Speech acts: An essay in the philosophy of language. Cambridge University Press. [rJRS]
(1976) The rules of the language game (review of Noam Chomsky, ”Reflections on Language”). In: The Times Literary Supplement, Sept. 10. [aJRS]
(1980a) Minds, brains, and programs. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3:417–57. [aJRS]
(1980b) Intrinsic intentionality. Reply to criticisms of Minds, brains and programs. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3:450–6. [aJRS]
(1980c) Rules and causation. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3:3738. [DH]
(1983) Intentionality. An essay in the philosophy of mind. Cambridge University Press. [aJRS, RAC, DMR, PDZ]
(1984a) Minds, Brains and Science. Harvard University Press.
(1984b) Intentionality and its place in nature. Synthese 61:316. [aJRS]
(1987) Indeterminacy, empiricism and the first person. Journal of Philosophy March: 123–46. [aJRS]
(1989) Consciousness, unconsciousness, and intentionality. Philosophical Tendencies 17(1)269284. [JRS]
(1990) Is the brain a digital computer? Presidential address to the Pacific Division of the American Philosophical Association, Los Angeles, March. [rJRS]
Shallice, T. (1972) Dual functions of consciousness. Psychological Review 79:383–93. [GU]
Sherrington, C. (1906) The integrative action of the nervous system. Yale University Press. [CAS]
Shevrin, H. (1988) Unconscious conflict: A convergent psychodynamic and electrophysiological approach. In: Psychodynamics and cognition, ed. Horowitz, M. S.. University of Chicago Press. [HS]
Shevrin, H., Williams, W. J., Marshall, R. E., Hertel, R. K., Bond, J. A. & Brakel, L. A. (1988) Event-related potential indicators of the dynamic unconscious. International Conference on Psychophysiology, Prague. [HS]
Skarda, C. (1986) Explaining behavior: Bringing the brain back in. Inquiry 29:187202. [CAS]
Skarda, C. & Freeman, W. (1987) How brains make chaos in order to make sense of the world. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 10:161–73. [CAS]
(1988) EEG research of neural dynamics: Implications for models of learning and memory. In: Systems with learning and memory, ed. Delacour, J. & Levy, J. C. S.. Elsevier. [CAS]
Stampe, D. (1977) Towards a causal theory of linguistic representation. Midwest Studies in Philosophy, ed. French, P., Euhling, T. & Wettstein, H.. University of Minnesota Press. [GR]
Taylor, S. E. & Fiske, S. T. (1975) Point-of-view and perceptions of causality. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 32:439–45. [JSU]
Thach, W. T. (1978) The cerebellum. In: Medical physiology, ed. Mountcastle, V. B., Mosby Press. [CAS]
Titchener, E. B. (1910) A textbook of psychology. Macmillan. [JCK]
Treisman, A. (1985) Preattentive processing in vision. Computer Vision, Graphics and Image Processing 31:156–77. [AIH]
(1988) Features and objects. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology 40:201238. [AIH]
Treisman, A. & Gelade, G. (1980) A feature-integration theory of attention. Cognitive Psychology 12:97136. [AIH]
Treisman, A. & Gormican, S. (1988) Feature analysis in early vision: Evidence from search asymmetries. Psychological Review 95:1548. [AIH]
Uleman, J. S. (1987) Consciousness and control: The case of spontaneous trait inferences. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 13:337–54. [JSU]
(1989) A framework for thinking intentionally about unintended thoughts. In: Unintended thought, ed. Uleman, J. S. & Bargh, J. A. Guilford Publications. [JSU]
Underwood, G. (1978) Attentional selectivity and behavioural control. In: Strategies of information processing, ed. Underwood, G.. Academic Press. [GU]
(1981) Lexical recognition of embedded unattended words: Some implications for reading processes. Ada Psychologia 47:267–83. [GU]
(1982) Attention and awareness in cognitive and motor skills. In: Aspects of consciousness, vol. 3, ed. Underwood, G.. Academic Press. [GU]
Van Riemadijk, H. & Williams, E. (1986) Introduction to the theory of grammar. MIT Press. [MP-P]
Vickers, M. D. A. (1987) Detecting consciousness by clinical means. In: Consciousness, awareness and pain in general anaesthesia, ed. Rosen, M. & Lunn, J. N. Butterworths. [JCK]
Von Helmholtz, H. L. F. (18561867) Treatise on physiological optics. Trans. from German pub. 1924–1925. Optical Society of America. [AWY]
Weiskrantz, L. (1982) A follow-up study of blindsight. Paper presented at the Fifth INS European Conference, Deauville, France, June 16–18. [aJRS]
Williams, W. J., Shevrin, H. & Marshall, R. E. (1987) Information modeling and analysis of event-related potentials. IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering (U.BME-34) 12:928–37. [HS]
Williams, W. J. & Jeong, J. (1989) New time-frequency distributions: Theory and applications. Transactions of International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, session 1692–2, VS: 1243–47. [HS]
Wittgenstein, L. (1953) Philosophical investigations. Macmillan. [GR]
Zeki, S. & Shipp, S. (1988) The functional logic of cortical connections. Nature 335:311–17. [AIH]


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed