Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 5
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Robbins, Stephen E. 2016. Analogical reminding and the storage of experience: the paradox of Hofstadter-Sander. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences,

    Kuyrukçu, Emine Yıldız and Kuyrukçu, Zafer 2015. RETRACTED: The Examples of the Studio Approach that Based on Metaphors. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, Vol. 174, p. 2658.

    Zinken, Jörg and Musolff, Andreas 2009. Metaphor and Discourse.

    Ritchie, L. David 2007. Gateshead Revisited: Perceptual Simulators and Fields of Meaning in the Analysis of Metaphors. Metaphor and Symbol, Vol. 23, Issue. 1, p. 24.

    Robbins, Stephen E. 2002. Semantics, experience and time. Cognitive Systems Research, Vol. 3, Issue. 3, p. 301.


Creativity of metaphor in perceptual symbol systems

  • Bipin Indurkhya (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 August 1999

A metaphor can often create novel features in an object or a situation. This phenomenon has been particularly hard to account for using amodal symbol systems: although highlighting and downplaying can explain the shift of focus, it cannot explain how entirely new features can come about. We suggest here that the dynamism of perceptual symbol systems, particularly the notion of simulator, provides an elegant account of the creativity of metaphor. The elegance lies in the idea that the creation of new features by a metaphor proceeds in the same way as the creation of regular features in a perceptual symbol.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Behavioral and Brain Sciences
  • ISSN: 0140-525X
  • EISSN: 1469-1825
  • URL: /core/journals/behavioral-and-brain-sciences
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *