Alink, L. R. A., Mesman, J., van Zeijl, J., Stolk, M. N., Juffer, F., Koot, H. M., Bakermans-Kranenburg, M. J. & van IJzendoorn, M. H.. (2006) The early childhood aggression curve: Development of physical aggression in 10- to 50-month-old children. Child Development 77(4):954–66.
Baillargeon, R. H., Zoccolillo, M., Keenan, K., Côté, S., Pérusse, D., Wu, H.-X., Boivin, M. & Tremblay, R. E. (2007) Gender differences in physical aggression: A prospective population-based survey of children before and after 2 years of age. Developmental Psychology 43(1):1326.
Bandura, A. (1973) Aggression: A social learning analysis. Holt/Prentice-Hall.
Buckholtz, J. W. & Meyer-Lindenberg, A. (2008) MAOA and the neurogenetic architecture of human aggression. Trends in Neurosciences 31(3):120–29.
Cameron, N. M., Fish, E. W. & Meaney, M. J. (2008) Maternal influences on the sexual behavior and reproductive success of the female rat. Hormones and Behavior 54(1):178–84.
Côté, S., Boivin, M., Nagin, D. S., Japel, C., Xu, Q., Zoccolillo, M., Junger, M. & Tremblay, R. E. (2007) The role of maternal education and non-maternal care services in the prevention of children's physical aggression. Archives of General Psychiatry 64(11):1305–12.
Côté, S., Vaillancourt, T., LeBlanc, J. C., Nagin, D. S. & Tremblay, R. E. (2006) The development of physical aggression from toddlerhood to pre-adolescence: A nation wide longitudinal study of Canadian children. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 34(1):71–85.
Darwin, C. (1872/1989) The expression of the emotions in man and animals. Murray/Gryphon Editions.
Dionne, G., Boivin, M., Tremblay, R. E., Laplante, D. & Pérusse, D. (2003) Physical aggression and expressive vocabulary in 19 month-old twins. Developmental Psychology 39(2):261–73.
Fontaine, N., Carbonneau, R., Barker, E. D., Vitaro, F., Hébert, M., Côté, S. M., Nagin, D. S., Zoccolillo, M. & Tremblay, R. E. (2008) Girls' hyperactivity and physical aggression during childhood and adjustment problems in early adulthood: A 15-year longitudinal study. Archives of General Psychiatry 65:320–28.
Gluckman, P. D. & Hanson, M. (2005) The fetal matrix: Evolution, development, and disease. Cambridge University Press.
Kokko, K. & Pulkkinen, L. (2000) Aggression in childhood and long-term unemployment in adulthood: A cycle of maladaptation and some protective factors. Developmental Psychology 36:463–72.
Loeber, R., Lacourse, E. & Homish, D. L. (2005) Homicide, violence, and developmental trajectories. In: Developmental origins of aggression, ed. Tremblay, R. E., Hartup, W. W. & Archer, J., pp. 202–19. Guilford Press.
McGowan, P. O., Sasaki, A., D'Alessio, A. C., Dymov, S., Labonté, B., Szyf, M., Turecki, G. & Meaney, M. J. (2009) Epigenetic regulation of the glucocorticoid receptor in human brain associates with childhood abuse. Nature Neuroscience 12(3):342–48.
Meaney, M. (2001) Maternal care, gene expression, and the transmission of individual differences in stress reactivity across generations. Annual Review of Neuroscience 24:1161–92.
Nagin, D. S. & Tremblay, R. E. (1999) Trajectories of boys' physical aggression, opposition, and hyperactivity on the path to physically violent and nonviolent juvenile delinquency. Child Development 70(5):1181–96.
National Institute of Child Health and Development (2004) Trajectories of physical aggression from toddlerhood to middle school. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, Serial No. 278, pp. 1–128.
Parent, C. I. & Meaney, M. J. (2008) The influence of natural variations in maternal care on play fighting in the rat. Developmental Psychobiology 50(8):767–76.
Serbin, L. A., Cooperman, J. M., Peters, P. L., Lehoux, P. M., Stack, D. M. & Schwartzman, A. E. (1998) Intergenerational transfer of psychosocial risk in women with childhood histories of aggression, withdrawal, or aggression and withdrawal. Developmental Psychology 34(6):1246–62.
Suomi, S. J. (2005) Genetic and environmental factors influencing the expression of impulsive aggression and serotinergic functioning in rhesus monkeys. In: Developmental origins of aggression, ed. Tremblay, R., Hartup, W. & Archer, J., pp. 63–82. Guilford Press.
Tremblay, R. E. (2008) Understanding development and prevention of chronic physical aggression: Towards experimental epigenetic studies. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London 363(1503):2613–22.
Tremblay, R. E., Japel, C., Pérusse, D., McDuff, P., Boivin, M., Zoccolillo, M. & Montplaisir, J. (1999) The search for the age of “onset” of physical aggression: Rousseau and Bandura revisted. Criminal Behavior and Mental Health 9(1):8–23.
Vitaro, F., Brendgen, M., Larose, S. & Tremblay, R. E. (2005) Kindergarten disruptive behaviors, protective factors, and educational achievement by early adulthood. Journal of Educational Psychology 97(4):617–29.