Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa

The several meanings of intelligence

  • H. J. Eysenck (a1)
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

D. L. Alkon (1984) Calcium-mediated reduction of ionic currents: A biophysical memory trace. Science 226:1037–45. [IK]

B. L. Bachelder & M. R. Denny (1977) A theory of intelligence: I. Span and the complexity of stimulus control. Intelligence 1:127–50. [JGB]

H. B. Barlow & B. C. Reeves (1979) The versatility and absolute efficiency of detecting mirror symmetry in random dot displays. Vision Research 19:783–93. [HBB]

M. E. Bitterman (1976) Incentive contrast in honey bees. Science 192:699709. [aEMM]

M. E. Bitterman (1984b) Migration and learning in fishes. In: Mechanisms of migration in fishes, ed. J. D. McLeave , C. P. Arnold , J. J. Dodson & W. H. Neill . Plenum. [arEMM, MEB, NJM]

R. Bolles & L. Petrinovich (1956) Body weight changes and behavioral attributes. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology 49:177–80. [aEMM]

C. Burt (1966) The genetic determination of differences in intelligence: A study of monozygotic twins reared together and apart. British Journal of Psychology 57:137–53. [JDD]

D. G. Cook & T. J. Carew (1986) Operant conditioning of head waving in Aplysia. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, U.S.A. 83:1120–24. [IK]

K. J. W. Craik (1943) The nature of explanation. Cambridge University Press. [HBB, SK]

L. P. Crespi (1942) Quantitative variation of incentive and performance in the white rat. American Journal of Psychology 55:467517. [aEMM]

M. R. D'Amato , D. P. Salmon , E. Loukas & A. Tomie (1986) Processing of identity and conditional relations in monkeys (Cebus apella) and pigeons (Columba livia). Animal Learning and Behavior 14:365–73. [NJM]

J. D. Delius & V. D. Hollard (1987) Orientation invariance of shape recognition in forebrain lesioned pigeons. Behavioural Brain Research 23:251–59. [JDD]

M. Domjan & B. G. Galef (1983) Biological constraints on instrumental and classical conditioning: Retrospect and prospect. Animal Learning O Behavior 11:151–61. [DAD]

J. Emmerton (1986) The pigeon's discrimination of movement patterns (Lissajous figures) and contour-dependent rotational invariance. Perception 15:573–88. [JDD]

R. Epstein , C. E. Kirschnit , R. P. Lanza & L. C. Rubin (1984) ‘Insight’ in the pigeon: Antecedents and determinants of an intelligent performance. Nature 308:6162. [aEMM]

R. Epstein , R. P. Lanza & B. F. Skinner (1980) Symbolic communication between two pigeons (Columbia livia). Science 207:543–45. [aEMM]

R. Epstein (1981) “Self-awareness” in the pigeon. Science 212:695–96. [aEMM.EWM]

H. J. Eysenck (1979) The structure and measurement of intelligence. Springer. [HJE]

E. Fantino & C. Logan (1979) The experimental analysis of behavior: A biological perspective. W. H. Freeman. [EF]

R. Freedman & M. Oscar-Berman (1986) (Bilateral frontal lobe disease and selective delayed-response deficits in humans. Behavioral Neuroscience 100:337–42. [PSG-R]

G. G. Gallup (1982) Self-awareness and the emergence of mind in primates. American Journal of Primatobgy 2:237–48. [aEMM]

D. J. Gillian (1981) Reasoning in the chimpanzee: II. Transitive inference. Journal of Experimental Psychology, Animal Behavior Processes 7:150–64. [JDD]

R. C. Gonzalez & M. E. Bitterman (1969) Spaced-trials partial reinforcement effect as a function of contrast. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology 67:94103. [aEMM, MEB]

R. C Gonzalez , M. Ferry & A. S. Powers (1974) The adjustment of goldfish to reduction in magnitude of reward in massed trials. Animal Learning and Behavior 2:2326. [rEMM, MEB]

R. C Gonzalez , A. Potts , K. Pitcoff & M. E. Bitterman (1972) Runway performance of goldfish as a function of complete and incomplete reduction in amount of reward. Psychonomic Science 27:305–7. [MEB]

J. L. Gould (1985) How bees remember flower shapes. Science 227:1492–94. [DRG]

J. L. Gould (1987) Landmark learning by honey bees. Animal Behaviour 35:2634. [DRG]

L. M. Herman , D. G. Richards & J. P. Wolz (1984) Comprehension of sentences by bottlenosed dolphins. Cognition 16:129219. [aEMM]

R. A. Hinde (1970) Animal behaviour (2nd ed.). McGraw-Hill. [GG]

W. Hodos (1982) Some perspectives on the evolution of intelligence and the brain. In: Animal mind - human mind, ed. D. R. Griffin . Springer-Verlag. [aEMM]

C. L. Hull (1945) The place of innate individual and species differences in a natural-science theory of behavior. Psychological Review 52:5560. [aEMM]

S. H. Hulse Jr. (1958) Amount and percentage of reinforcement and duration of goal confinement in conditioning and extinction. Journal of Experimental Psychology 56:4857. [MEB]

J. H. Kaas (1980) A comparative survey of visual cortex organization in mammals. In: Comparative neurology of the telencephalon, ed. S. O. E. Ebbesson . Plenum. [PSG-R]

J. W. Kalat (1983) Evolutionary thinking in the history of the comparative psychology of learning. Neurosdence Biobehavioral Reviews 7:309–14. [JWK]

M. Konishi (1985) Birdsong: From behavior to neuron. Annual Review of Neurosdence 8:125–70. [DFS]

M. S. Livingstone , P. P. Sziber & W. G. Quinn (1984) Loss of calcium/calmodulin sensitivity responsiveness in adenylate cyclase of rutabaga, a Drosophila learning mutant. Cell 37:205–15. [IK]

R. B. Lockard (1971) Reflections on the fall of comparative psychology: Is there a message for us all? American Psychologist 26:168–79. [aEMM, GG]

G. Lynch , J. Larson , S. Kelso , G. Barrionuevo & F. Schottler (1983) Intracellular injections of EGTA block induction of hippocampal longterm potentiation. Nature(London) 305:719–21. [IK]

N. J. Mackintosh (1971) Reward and aftereffects of reward in the learning of goldfish. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology 76:225–32. [rEMM, MEB]

E. W. Menzel & C. Juno (1982) Marmosets (Saquinus fuscicollis): Are learning sets learned? Science 217:750–52. [AJ]

E. W. Menzel (1985) Social foraging in marmoset monkeys and the question of intelligence. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series B 308:145–58. [DAD]

E. W. Menzel , E. S. Savage-Rumbaugh & J. Lawson (1985) Chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) spatial problem solving with the use of mirrors and televised equivalents of mirrors. Journal of Comparative Psychology 99:211–17. [EWM]

L. M. Noble & R. K. Thomas (1985) Oddity and dimension-abstracted oddity (DAD) in humans. American Journal of Psychology 98:549–57. [RKT]

A. B. Novikoff (1945) The concept of integrative levels and biology. Science 101:209–15. [GG]

D. S. Olton & P. Schlosberg (1978) Food searching strategies in young rats: Win-shift predominates over win-stay. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology 92:609–18. [aEMM]

J. M. Pearce & G. Hall (1980) A model for Pavlovian learning: Variations in the effectiveness of conditioned but not of unconditioned stimuli. Psychological Review 87:532–52. [aEMM]

I. M. Pepperberg (1981) Functional vocalization by an African Grey parrot (Psittams erithacus). Zeitschrift fur Tierpsychologie 55:139–60. [aEMM]

A. Pert & R. C. Gonzalez (1974) Behavior of the turtle (Chrysemys picta picta) in simultaneous, successive, and behavioral contrast situations. Journal of Comparative 6- Physiological Psychology 87:526–38. [MEB]

C. G. Phillips , S. Zeki & H. B. Barlow (1984) Localisation of function in the cerebral cortex: Past, present and future. Brain 107:327–61. [HBB]

R. M. Pico & J. L. Davis (1984) The radial maze performance of mice: Assessing the dimensional requirements for serial order memory in animals. Behavioral and Neural Biology 40:526. [rEMM]

R. Pisaereta , P. Lefave , T. Lesneski & C. Potter (1985) Transfer of oddity learning in the pigeon. Animal Learning and Behavior 13:403–14. [NJM]

D Premack (1985) “Gavagai!” or the future history of the animal language controversy. Cognition 19:207–96. [aEMM, REA, HLR]

F. Restle (1958) Toward a quantitative description of learning set data. Psychological Review 65:7791. [arEMM]

W. A. Roberts , D. H. Bullock & M. E. Bitterman (1963) Resistance to extinction in the pigeon after partially reinforced instrumental training under discrete-trials conditions. American Journal of Psychology 76:353–65. [MEB]

P. Rozin & J. W. Kalat (1971) Specific hungers and poison avoidance as adaptive specialization of learning. Psychological Review 78:459–86. [DFS]

E. S. Savage-Rumbaugh (1984) Verbal behavior at a procedural level in the chimpanzee. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior 41:223–50. [aEMM]

E. S. Savage-Rumbaugh , J. L. Pate , J. Lawson , S. T. Smith & S. Rosenbaum (1983) Can a chimpanzee make a statement? Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 112:457–92. [aEMM, EF]

N. A. Schmajuk , E. T. Sequra & A. C. Ruidiaz (1981) Reward downshift in the toad. Behavioral and Neural Biology 33:519–23. [MEB]

S. L. Schutz & M. E. Bitterman (1969) Spaced-trials partial reinforcement and resistance to extinction in the goldfish. Journal of Comparative O Physiological Psychology 68:126–28. [MEB]

R. N. Shepard (1984) Ecological constraints on internal representation: Resonant kinematics of perceiving, imagining, thinking, and dreaming. Psychological Review 91:417–47. [JGF]

P. J. B. Slater (1983) Bird song learning: Theme and variations. In: Perspectives in ornithology, ed. A. H. Brush & G. A. Clark . Cambridge University Press. [DFS]

H. Stephan , H. Frahm & G. Baron (1981) New and revised data on volumes of brain structures in insectivores and primates. Folia pimatologica 35:129. [OG]

A. J. Susswein & M. Schwarz (1983) A learned change of response to inedible food in Aplysia. Behavioral and Neural Biology 39:16. [IK]

A. J. Tierney (1986) The evolution of learned and innate behavior: Contributions from genetics and neurobiology to a theory of behavioral evolution. Animal Learning ir Behavior 14:339–48. [DFS]

D. Wahlsten (1978) Behavioral genetics and animal learning. In: Psychopharmacology of aversively motivated behavior, ed. H. Anisman & G. Bignami . Plenum. [aEMM, LGH, TDJ]

L. Weinstein (1970a) Negative incentive contrast with sucrose. Psychonomic Science 19:1314. [aEMM]

L. Weinstein (1970b) Negative incentive contrast effects with saccharin versus sucrose and partial reinforcement. Psychonomic Science 21:276–78. [aEMM]

D. A. Winfield , K. C. Gatter & T. Powell (1980) An electron microscopic study of the types and proportions of neurons in the cortex of the motor and visual areas of the cat and rat. Brain 103:245–58. [OG]

S. Zola-Morgan (1985) Memory impairment in monkeys following lesions limited to the hippocampus. Behavioral Neuroscience 100:155–60. [PSG-R]

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Behavioral and Brain Sciences
  • ISSN: 0140-525X
  • EISSN: 1469-1825
  • URL: /core/journals/behavioral-and-brain-sciences
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *


Altmetric attention score