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Identifying the nature of shamanism

  • Michael James Winkelman (a1)

Abstract

Singh conflates diverse religious statuses into a single category that includes practitioners with roles that differ significantly from empirical characteristics of shamans. The rejection of biological models of trance and conspicuous display models misses the evolutionary roots of shamanism involving the social functions of ritual in producing psychological and social integration and ritual healing.

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Winkelman, M. (1992) Shamans, priests and witches: A cross-cultural study of magico-religious practitioners. Anthropological Research Papers No. 44, Arizona State University.
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Winkelman, M. (2010a) Shamanism: A biopsychosocial paradigm of consciousness and healing. ABC-CLIO.
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Winkelman, M. (2015) Shamanism as a biogenetic structural paradigm for humans' evolved social psychology. Psychology of Religion and Spirituality 7(4):267–77.
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