This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
N. Adam & G. I. Collins (1978) Late components of the visual evoked potential to search in short-term memory. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology 44:147–56.
I. O. Aleksandrov & N. E. Maksimova (1985) P300 and psychophysiological analysis of the structure of behavior. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology 61:548–58.
K. Alho , P. Paavilainen , K. Reinikainen , M. Sams & R. Naatanen (1986) Separability of different negative components of the event-related potential associated with auditory stimulus processing. Psychophysiology 23:613–23.
I. Altafullah , E. Halgren , J. M. Stapleton & P. H. Crandall (1986) Interictal spike-wave complexes in the human medial temporal lobe: Typical topography and comparisons with cognitive potentials. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology 63:503–16.
J. P. Banquet , B. Renault & N. Lesevre (1981) Effect of task and stimulus probability on evoked potentials. Biological Psychology 13:203–14.
J. Baribeau-Braun , T. Picton & J. Y. Gosselin (1983) Schizophrenia: A neurophysiological evaluation of abnormal information processing. Science 219:874–76.
J. Beatty (1986) Computation, control and energetics: A biological perspective. In: Energetics and human information processing, ed. M. G. H. Coles . Martinus Nijhoff. NATO ASI series.
D. E. Becker & D. Shapiro (1980) Directing attention toward stimuli affects the P300 but not the orienting response. Psychophysiology 17:385–89.
H. Begleiter , B. Porjesz , C. L. Chou & J. I. Aunon (1983) P3 and stimulus incentive value. Psychophysiology 20:95–101.
A. S. Bernstein (1969) To what does the orienting response respond? Psychophysiology 6:338–50.
M. Besson & F. Macar (1987) An event-related potential analysis of incongruity in music and other non-linguistic contexts. Psychophysiology 24:14–25.
T. V. P. Bliss , G. V. Goddard & M. Riives (1983) Reduction of long-term potentiation in the dentate gyrus of the rat following selective depletion of monoamines. Journal of Physiology 334:475–91.
V. Braitenberg (1978) Cell assemblies in the cerebral cortex. In: Theoretical approaches to complex systems, ed. R. Heim & G. Palm . Springer.
D. Brandeis & D. Lehmann (1986) Event-related potentials of the brain and cognitive processes: Approaches and applications. Neuropsychologia 24:151–68.
K. A. Brookhuis , G. Mulder , L. J. M. Mulder , A. B. M. Gloerich (1983) The P3 complex as an index of information processing: The effects of response probability. Biological Psychology 17:277–96.
K. A. Brookhuis , G. Mulder , L. J. M. Mulder , A. B. M. Gloerich , H. J. Van Dellen , J. J. Van Der Meere & H. Ellermann (1981) Late positive components and stimulus evaluation time. Biological Psychology 13:107–24.
E. Callaway (1983) The pharmacology of human information processing. Psychophysiology 20:359–70.
K. B. Campbell , E. Courchesne , T. W. Picton & K. C. Squires (1979) Evoked potential correlates of human information processing. Biological Psychology 8:45–68.
R. M. Chapman (1973) Evoked potentials of the brain related to thinking. In: Psychophysiology of thinking, ed. F. J. McGuigan & R. Schoonover . Academic Press.
R. M. Chapman & H. R. Bragdon (1964) Evoked responses to numerical and non-numerical visual stimuli while problem solving. Nature 203:1155–57.
R. M. Chapman , J. W. McCrary & J. A. Chapman (1978) Short-term memory: The “storage” component of human brain responses predicts recall. Science 202:1211–14.
R. M. Chapman , J. W. McCrary & J. A. Chapman (1981) Memory processes and evoked potentials. Canadian Journal of Psychology 35:201–12.
J. Cohen (1969) Very slow brain potentials relating to expectancy: The CNV. In: Average evoked potentials: Methods, results, and evaluations (NASA SP-191), ed. E. Donchin & D. B. Lindsley . U.S. Government Printing Office.
M. C. H. Coles & G. Gratton (1986) Cognitive psychophysiology and the study of states and processes. In: Energetics and human information processing, ed. G. R. J. Hockey , A. W. K. Gaillard & M. G. H. Coles . Martinus Nijhof.
E. Courchesne (1977) Event-related brain potentials: Comparison between children and adults. Science 197:589–92.
E. Courchesne (1978a) Neurophysiological correlates of cognitive development: Changes in long-latency event-related potentials from childhood to adulthood. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology 45:468–82.
E. Courchesne (1978b) Changes in P3 waves with event repetition: Long term effects on scalp distribution and amplitude. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology 45:754–66.
E. Courchesne , R. Y. Courchesne & S. A. Hillyard (1978) The effect of stimulus deviation on P3 waves to easily recognized stimuli. Neuropsychologia 16:189–99.
E. Courchesne , S. A. Hillyard & R. Y. Courchesne (1977) P3 waves to the discrimination of targets in homogeneous and heterogeneous stimulus sequences. Psychophysiology 14:590–97.
E. Courchesne , S. A. Hillyard & R. Galambos (1975) Stimulus novelty, task relevance, and the visual evoked potential in man. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology 39:131–43.
E. Courchesne , B. A. Kilman , R. Galambos & A. J. Lincoln (1984) Autism: Processing of novel auditory information assessed by event-related brain potentials. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology 59:238–48.
S. A. Deadwyler , M. O. West , E. P. Christian , R. E. Hampson & T. C. Foster (1985) Sequence-related changes in sensory-evoked potentials in the dentate gyrus: A mechanism for item-specific short-term information storage in the hippocampus. Behavioral and Neural Biology 44:201–12.
L. Deecke , B. Grozinger & H. H. Kornhuber (1976) Voluntary finger movement in man: Cerebral potentials and theory. Biological Cybernetics 23:99–119.
J. E. Desmedt & J. Debecker (1979b) Slow potential shifts and decision P350 interactions in tasks with random sequences of near-threshold clicks and finger stimuli delivered at regular intervals. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology 47:671–79.
M. W. Donald (1983) Neural selectivity in auditory attention: Sketch of a theory. In: Tutorials in event-related potential research: Endogenous components, ed. A. W. K. Gaillard & W. Ritter . North-Holland.
M. W. Donald & W. R. Goff (1971) Attention-related increases in cortical responsitivity dissociated from the contingent negative variation. Science 172:1163–66.
M. W. Donald & R. Little (1981) The analysis of stimulus probability inside and outside of the focus of attention, as reflected by the auditory Nl and P3 components. Canadian Journal of Psychology 35:175–87.
M. W. Donald & M. J. Young (1982) A time-course analysis of attentional tuning of the auditory evoked response. Experimental Brain Research 46:357–67.
E. Donchin (1968) Average evoked potentials and uncertainty resolution. Psychonomic Science 12:103.
E. Donchin & L. Cohen (1967) Average evoked potentials and intramodality selective attention. Electroencephalography O Clinical Neurophysiology 22:537–46.
E. Donchin & L. Cohen (1969) Anticipation of relevant stimuli and evoked potentials: A reply to Naatanen. Perceptual and Motor Skills 29:115–17.
E. Donchin , L. K. Cerbrandt , L. Leifer & L. Tucker (1972) Is the contingent negative variation contingent on a motor response? Psychophysiology 9:17888.
E. Donchin , M. Kubovy , M. Kutas , R. Johnson Jr, & R. I. Herning (1973) Graded changes in evoked response (P300) amplitude as a function of cognitive activity. Perception & Psychophysics 14:319–24.
E. Donchin , D. Otto , L. K. Gerbrandt & K. H. Pribram (1971) While a monkey waits: Electrocortical events recorded during the foreperiod of a reaction time study. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology 31:115–27.
E. Donchin & D. B. D. Smith (1970) The contingent negative variation and the late positive wave of the average evoked potential. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology 29:201–3.
E. Donchin , P. Tueting , W. Ritter , M. Kutas & E. Heffley (1975) On the independence of the CNV and the P300 components of the human averaged evoked potential. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology 38:449–61.
C. C. Duncan-Johnson & E. Donchin (1977) On quantifying surprise: The variation of event-related potentials with subjective probability. Psychophysiology 14(5):456–67.
C. C. Duncan-Johnson & E. Donchin (1982) The P300 component of the event-related brain potential as an index of information processing. Biological Psychology 14:1–52.
C. C. Duncan-Johnson & B. S. Kopell (1981) The Stroop effect: Brain potentials localize the source of interference. Science 214:938–40.
R. G. Eason , M. R. Harter & C. T. White (1969) Effects of attention and arousal on visually evoked cortical potentials and reaction time in man. Physiological Behavior 4:283–89.
H. J. Einhorn & R. M. Hogarth (1981) Behavioral decision theory: Processes of judgment and choice. Annual Review of Psychology 32:53–88.
B. A. Eriksen , M. G. H. Coles , L. R. Morris & W. P. Ohara (1985) An electromyographic examination of response competition. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 23:165–68.
B. A. Eriksen & C. W. Eriksen (1974) Effects of noise letters upon the identification of target letter in a non-search task. Perception & Psychophysics 16:143–49.
M. Fabiani , D. Karis & E. Donchin (1986) P300 and recall in an incidental memory paradigm. Psychophysiolog 23:298–308.
J. C. Falmagne (1965) Stochastic models for choice reaction time with applications to experimental results. Journal of Mathematical Psychology 2:77–124.
I. Fischler , P. A. Bloom , D. G. Childers A. A. Arroyo & N. W. Perry (1984) Brain potentials during sentence verification: Late negativity and long-term memory strength. Neuropsychologia 22:559–68.
I. Fischler , P. A. Bloom , D. G. Childers , S. E. Roucos & N. W. Perry (1983) Brain potentials related to stages of sentence verification. Psychophysiology 20:400–409.
I. Fischler , D. G. Childers , T. Achariyapaopan & N. W. Perry (1985) Brain potentials during sentence verification: Automatic aspects of comprehension. Biological Psychology 21:83–105.
P. G. Fitzgerald & T. W. Picton (1981) Temporal and sequential probability in evoked potential studies. Canadian Journal of Psychology 35:188–200.
J. M. Ford , C. C. Duncan-Johnson , A. Pfefferbaum & B. S. Kopell (1982) Expectancy for events in old age: Stimulus sequence effects on P300 and reaction time. Journal of Gerontology 37:696–704.
J. M. Ford , A. Pfefferbaum , J. A. Tinkleberg & B. S. Kopell (1982) Effects of perceptual and cognitive difficulty on P3 and RT in young and old adults. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology 54:311–21.
J. M. Ford , W. T. Roth , S. J. Dirks & B. S. Kopell (1973) Evoked potential correlates of signal recognition between and within modalities. Science 181:465–66.
J. M. Ford , W. T. Roth , R. C. Mohs , W. F. Hopkins & B. S. Kopell (1979) Event-related potentials recorded from young and old adults during a memory retrieval task. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology 47:450–59.
T. C. Foster , E. P. Christian , R. E. Hampson , K. A. Campbell & S. A. Deadwyler (1987) Sequential dependencies regulate sensory evoked responses of single units in the rat hippocampus. Brain Research 408:86–96.
P. Fraisse (1984) Perception and estimation of time. Annual Review of Psychology 35:1–36.
D. Friedman , C. Brown , H. G. Vaughan Jr, B. Cornblatt & L. Erlenmeyer-Kimling (1984) Cognitive brain potential components in adolescents. Psychophysiology 21:83–96.
D. Friedman , G. Hakerem , S. Sutton & J. L. Fleiss (1973) Effect of stimulus uncertainty on the pupillary dilation response and the vertex evoked potential. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology 34:475–84.
D. Friedman , R. Simson , W. Ritter & I. Rapin (1975) The late positive component (P300) and information processing in sentences. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology 38:255–62.
D. Friedman , R. Simson , W. Ritter & I. Rapin (1975a) Cortical evoked potentials elicited by real speech words and human sounds. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology 38:13–19.
D. Friedman , H. G. Vaughan Jr, & L. Erlenmeyer-Kimling (1981) Multiple late positive potentials in two visual discrimination tasks. Psychophysiology 18:635–49.
V. Gadenne (1985) Theoretische Begriffe und die Prufbarkeit von Theorien. Zeitschrift fur allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 16:19–24
A. W. K. Gaillard (1977) The late CNV wave: Preparation versus expectancy. Psychophysiology 14(6):563–68.
J. M. Gardiner , F. I. M. Craik & J. Birtwistle (1972) Retrieval cues and release from proactive inhibition. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior 11:778–83.
D. S. Goodin , K. C. Squires , B. H. Henderson & A. Starr (1978) Agerelated variations in evoked potentials to auditory stimuli in normal human subjects. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology 44:447–58.
D. S. Goodin , K. C. Squires & A. Starr (1978) Long latency event-related components of the auditory evoked potential in dementia. Brain 101:635–48.
D. S. Goodin , K. C. Squires & A. Starr (1983) Variations in early and late event-related components of the auditory evoked potential with task difficulty. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology 55:680–86.
D. S. Goodin , A. Starr , T. Chippendale & K. C. Squires (1983) Sequential changes in the P3 component of the auditory evoked potential in confusional states and dementing illnesses. Neurology 33:1215–18.
S. Grossberg (1980) How does a brain build a cognitive code? Psychological Review 87:1–51.
S. Grossberg (1982) Processing of expected and unexpected events during conditioning and attention: A psychophysiological theory. Psychological Review 89:529–72.
S. Grossberg (1982a) Studies of mind and brain. Reidel.
S. Grossberg (1987) Competitive learning: From interactive activation to adaptive resonance. Cognitive Science 11:23–63.
G. Grünewald , E. Grünewald-Zuberbier , J. Netz , V. Hömberg & G. Sander (1979) Relationships between the late component of the contingent negative variation and the Bereitschaftspotential. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology 46:538–45.
M. Haider , P. Spong & D. B. Lindsley (1964) Attention, vigilance, and cortical evoked-potentials in humans. Science 145:180–82.
E. Halgren , N. K. Squires , C. L. Wilson , J. W. Rohrbaugh , T. L. Babb & P. H. Crandall (1980) Endogenous potentials generated in the human hippocampal formation and amygdala by infrequent events. Science 210:803–5.
E. Halgren , C. L. Wilson & J. M. Stapleton (1985) Human medial temporal lobe stimulation disrupts both formation and retrieval of recent memories. Brain and Cognition 4:287–95.
T. J. Harbin , G. R. Marsh & M. T. Harvey (1984) Differences in the late components of the event-related potential due to age and to semantic and non-semantic tasks. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology 59:489–96.
J. B. Harrison , J. S. Buchwald , K. Kaga , N. J. Woolf & L. L. Butcher (1988) ‘Cat P300’ disappears after septial lesions. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology 69:55–64.
A. J. P. Hendrikx (1984) Effects of grouping on recall latency. Ada Psychologica 55:1–18.
M. Hermanutz , R. Cohen & W. Sommer (1981) The effects of serial order in long sequences on event-related potentials. Psychophysiology 18:415–23.
S. A. Hillyard , E. Courchesne , H. I. Krausz & T. W. Picton (1976) Scalp topography of the P3 wave in different auditory decision tasks. In: The responsive brain, ed. W. C. McCallum & J. R. Knott . John Wright.
S. A. Hillyard & M. Kutas (1983) Electrophysiology of cognitive processing. Annual Review of Psychology 34:33–61.
S. A. Hillyard , K. C. Squires , J. W. Bauer & P. H. Lindsay (1971) Evoked potential correlates of auditory signal detection. Science 172:1357–60.
R. F. Hink , S. A. Hillyard & P. J. Benson (1978) Event-related brain potentials and selective attention to acoustic and phonetic cues. Biological Psychology 6:1–16.
J. E. Hoffman , R. F. Simons & M. R. Houck (1983) Event-related potentials during controlled and automatic target detection. Psychophysiology 20:625–32.
P. J. Holcomb , P. T. Ackerman & R. A. Dykman (1985) Cognitive eventrelated brain potentials in children with attention and reading deficits. Psychophysiology 22:65667.
J. J. Hopfield & D. W. Tank (1986) Computing with neural circuits: A model. Science 233:625–33.
W. F. Hopkins & D. Johnston (1984) Frequency-dependent noradrenergic modulation of long-term potentiation in the hippocampus. Science 226:350–52.
R. L. Horst , R. Johnson Jr, & E. Donchin (1980) Event-related brain potentials and subjective probability in a learning task. Memory and cognition 8:476–88.
J. B. Isreal , G. L. Chesney , C. D. Wickens & E. Donchin (1980) P300 and tracking difficulty: Evidence for multiple resources in dual-task performance. Psychophysiology 17:259–73.
D. Jenness (1972) Auditory evoked-response differentiation with discrimination learning in humans. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology 80:75–90.
R. Johnson Jr, (1986) A triarchic model of P300 amplitude. Psychophysiology 23:367–84.
R. Johnson Jr, & E. Donchin (1978) On how P300 amplitude varies with the utility of the eliciting stimuli. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology 44:424–37.
R. Johnson Jr, & E. Donchin (1980) P300 and stimulus categorization: Two plus one is not so different from one plus one. Psychophysiology 17:167–78.
R. Johnson Jr, & E. Donchin (1982) Sequential expectancies and decision making in a changing environment: An electrophysiological approach. Psychophysiology 19:183–200.
R. Johnson Jr, & E. Donchin (1985) Second thoughts: Multiple P300s elicited by a single stimulus. Psychophysiology 22:182–94.
R. Johnson Jr, A. Pfefferbaum & B. S. Kopell (1985) P300 and long-term memory: Latency predicts recognition performance. Psychophysiology 22:497–507.
V. S. Johnston & P. J. Holcomb (1980) Probability learning and the P3 component of the visual evoked potential in man. Psychophysiology 17:396–400.
V. S. Johnston , D. R. Miller & M. H. Burleson (1986) Multiple P3s to emotional stimuli and their theoretical significance. Psychophysiology 23:684–94.
G. V. Jones (1983) Structure of the recall process. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society (Series B) 302:373–85.
M. R. Jones (1971) From probability learning to sequential processing: A critical review. Psychological Bulletin 76:153–85.
M. R. Jones (1976) Time, our lost dimension: Toward a new theory of perception, attention and memory. Psychological Review 83:323–55.
M. R. Jones (1985) Structural organization of events in time: A review. In: Time, mind and behavior, ed. J. A. Michon & J. Jackson-Roy . Springer.
F. De Jong or A. F. Sanders (1986) Relative signal frequency imbalance does not affect perceptual encoding in choice reactions. Acta Psychologica 62:211–23.
D. Kahneman & A. Tversky (1982) Variants of uncertainty. Cognition 11:143–57.
D. Karis , G. L. Chesney & E. Donchin (1983) “…'twas ten to one; And yet we ventured… ”: P300 and decision making. Psychophysiology 20:260–68.
D. Karis , M. Fabiani , & E. Donchin (1984) “P300” and memory: Individual differences in the von Restorff effect. Cognitive Psychology 16:177–216.
L. Karlin (1970) Cognition, preparation, and sensory evoked potentials. Psychological Bulletin 73:122–36.
J. L. Kenemans , M. N. Verbaten , W. Sjouw & J. L. Slangen (1988) Effects of task-relevance on habituation of visual single-trial ERPs and the skin conductance orienting reaction. International Journal of Psychophysiology 6:51–63.
M. Klein , M. G. H. Coles & E. Donchin (1984) People with absolute pitch process tones without producing a P300. Science 223:1306–09.
R. Klorman , L. F. Salzman , L. O. Bauer , H. W. Coons , A. D. Borgstedt & W. I. Halpem (1983) Effects of two doses of methylphenidate on cross-situational and borderline hyperactive children's evoked potentials. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology 56:169–85.
R. T. Knight (1984) Decreased response to novel stimuli after prefrontal lesions in man. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology 59:9–20.
A. Kok (1978) The effect of warning stimulus novelty on the P300 and components of the contingent negative variation. Biological Psychology 6:219–33.
A. Kok (1986) Effects of degradation of visual stimuli on components of the eventrelated potential (ERP) in go/no go reaction tasks. Biological Psychology 23:21–38.
A. Kok & H. L. de Jong (1980) Components of the event-related potential following degraded and undegraded visual stimuli. Biological Psychology 11:117–33.
A. Kok & H. L. de Jong (1980a) The effect of repetition of infrequent familiar and unfamiliar visual patterns on components of the event-related brain potential. Biological Psychology 10:167–88.
H. H. Kornhuber & L. Deecke (1965) Hirnpotentialanderungen bei Willkfirbewegungen und passiven Bewegungen des Menschen: Bereitschaftspotential und reafferente Potentiale. Pflügers Archie 284:1–17.
K. Kotovsky & H. A. Simon (1973) Empirical tests of a theory of human acquisition of concepts for sequential patterns. Cognitive Psychology 4:399–424.
A. Kramer , W. Schneider , A. Fisk & E. Donchin (1986) The effect of practice and task structure on components of the event-related brain potential. Psychophysiology 23:33–47.
M. Kutas & E. Donchin (1980) Preparation to respond as manifested by movement-related brain potentials. Brain Research 202:95–115.
M. Kutas & S. A. Hillyard (1980a) Reading senseless sentences: Brain potentials reflect semantic incongruity. Science 207:203–5.
M. Kutas & S. A. Hillyard (1980b) Event related brain potentials to semantically inappropriate and surprisingly large words. Biological Psychology 11:99–116.
M. Kutas & S. A. Hillyard (1983) Event-related brain potentials in grammatical errors and semantic anomalies. Memory and Cognition 11:539–50.
M. Kutas & S. A. Hillyard (1984b) Brain potentials during reading reflect word expectancy and semantic association. Nature 307:161–63.
M. Kutas G. McCarthy & E. Donchin (1977) Augmenting mental chronometry: The P300 as a measure of stimulus evaluation time. Science 197:792–95.
G. R. Lockhead & R. Byrd (1981) Practically perfect pitch. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 70:387–89.
A. Magliero , T. R. Bashore , M. G. H. Coles & E. Donchin (1984) On the dependence of P300 latency on stimulus evaluation processes. Psychophysiology 21(2):171–86.
G. Mandler (1980) The judgment of previous occurrence. Psychological Review 87:252–71.
S. Mäntysalo & R. Näätänen (1987) The duration of a neuronal trace of an auditory stimulus as indicated by event-related potentials. Biological Psychology 24:183–95.
M. Marton , J. Szirtes , N. Donauer & P. Breuer (1985) Saccade-related brain potentials in semantic categorization tasks. Biological Psychology 20:163–84.
W. C. McCallum , S. H. Curry , R. Cooper , P. V. Pocock & D. Papakostopoulos (1983) Brain event-related potentials as indicators of early selective processes in auditory target localization. Psychophysiology 20:1–17.
W. C McCallum , S. F. Fanner & P. V. Pocock (1984) The effects of physical and semantic incongruities on auditory event-related potentials. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology 59:477–88.
G. McCarthy & E. Donchin (1978) Brain potentials associated with structural and functional visual matching. Neuropsychologia 16:571–85.
G. McCarthy & E. Donchin (1981) A metric for thought: A comparison of P300 latency and reaction time. Science 211:77–79.
K. J. Meador , E. J. Hammond , D. W. Loring , M. Allen , D. Bowers & K. M. Heilman (1987) Cognitive evoked potentials and disorders of recent memory. Neurology 37:526–29.
A. L. Megela & T. J. Teyler (1979) Habituation and the human evoked potential. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology 93:1154–70.
J. Mehler , J. Morton & P. W. Jusczyk (1984) On reducing language to biology. Cognitive Neuropsychology 1:83–116.
M. M. Mesulam (1981) A cortical network for directed attention and unilateral neglect. Annals of Neurology 10:309–25.
J. Möcks (1986) The influence of latency jitter in principal component analysis of event-related potentials. Psychophysiology 23:480–84.
J. Möcks , T. Gasser , W. Köhler & J. P. C. de Weerd (1986) Does filtering and smoothing of average evoked potentials really pay? A statistical comparison. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology 64:469–80.
J. Möcks & R. Verleger (1986) Principal component analysis of event-related potentials: A note on misalloeation of variance. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology 65:393–98.
R. Munson , D. S. Ruchkin , W. Ritter , S. Sutton & N. K. Squires (1984) The relation of P3b to prior events and future behavior. Biological Psychology 19:1–29.
R. Näätänen (1969) Anticipation of relevant stimuli and evoked potentials: A comment on Donchin's and Cohen's “Averaged evoked potentials and intramodality selective attention.” Perceptual and Motor Skills 28:639–46.
R. Näätänen (1970) Evoked potential, EEG an d slow potential correlates of selective attention. Acta Psychologica Supplement 33:178–92.
R. Näätänen (1975) Selective attention and evoked potentials in humans — a critical review. Biological Psychology 2:237–307.
R. Näätänen , A. W. K. Gaillard & C. A. Varey (1981) Attention effects on auditory EPs as a function of inter-stimulus interval. Biological Psychology 13:173–88.
R. Näätänen & T. Picton (1987) The Nl wave of the human electric and magnetic response to sound: A review and an analysis of the component structure. Psychophysiology 24:375–425.
R. Näätänen , M. Simpson & N. E. Loveless (1982) Stimulus deviance and evoked potentials. Biological Psychology 14:53–98.
H. J. Neville , M. Kutas , G. Chesney & A. L. Schmidt (1986) Event-related brain potentials during initial encoding and recognition memory of congruous an d incongruous words. Journal of Memory and Language 25:75–92.
D. A. Norman & T. Shallice (1986) Attention to action. In: Consciousness and self-regulation, ed. R. A. Davidson , G. E. Schwartz & D. Shapiro . Plenum Press.
Y. C. Okada , L. Kaufman & S. J. Williamson (1983) The hippocampal formation as a source of th e slow endogenous potentials. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology 55:417–26.
J. O'Keefe (1979) A review of the hippocampal place cells. Progress in Neurobiology 13:419–39.
T. Okita (1981) Slow negative shifts of the human event-related potential associated with selective information processing. Biological Psychology 12:63–76.
T. Okita , K. Konishi & R. Inamori (1983) Attention-related negative brain potential for speech words and pure tones. Biological Psychology 16:29–47.
T. Okita , A. A. Wijers , G. Mulder & L. J. M. Mulder (1985) Memory search and visual spatial attention: An event-related brain potential analysis. Acta Psychologica 60:263–92.
K. A. Paller , M. Kutas & A. R. Mayes (1987) Neural correlates of encoding n an incidental learning paradigm. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology 67:360–71.
G. Palm (1982) Neural assemblies: An alternative approach to artificial intelligence. Springer.
D. D. Paul & S. Sutton (1972) Evoked potential correlates of response criterion in auditory signal detection. Science 177:362–64.
J. Perdok & A. W. K. Gaillard (1979) The terminal CNV and stimulus discriminability in motor and sensory tasks. Biological Psychology 8:213–23.
J. F. Peters , T. W. Billinger & J. R. Knott (1977) Event related potentials of brain (CNV and P300) in a paired associate learning paradigm. Psychophysiology 14:579–85.
A. Pfefferbaum , C. Christensen , J. M. Ford & B. S. Kopell (1986) Apparent response incompatibility effects on P3 latency depend on the task. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology 64:424–37.
A. Pfefferbaum , J. Ford , R. Johnson Jr, B. Wenegrat & B. S. Kopell (1983) Manipulation of P3 latency: Spee d vs. accuracy instructions. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology 55:188–97.
A. Pfefferbaum , J. M. Ford , B. J. Weller & B. S. Kopell (1985) ERPs to response production and inhibition. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology 60:423–34.
A. Pfefferbaum , J. M. Ford , B. G. Wenegrat , W. T. Roth & B. S. Kopell (1984) Clinical application of the P3 component of event-related potentials. I. Normal aging. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology 59:85–103.
T. W. Picton & S. A. Hillyard (1974) Human auditory evoked potentials. II: Effects of attention. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology 36:191–200.
T. W. Picton & M. D. Low (1971) The CNV and semantic content of stimuli in the experimental paradigm: Effects of feedback. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology 31:451–56.
T. W. Picton , D. T. Stuss , S. C. Champagne & R. F. Nelson (1984) The effects of age on human event-related potentials. Psychophysiology 21:312–25.
J. Polich (1985a) Semantic categorization and event-related potentials. Brain and Language 26:304–21.
J. Polich (1985b) N400s from sentences, semantic categories, number and letter strings? Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 23:361–64.
J. Polich (1986) Normal variation of P300 from auditory stimuli. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology 65:236–40.
J. Polich (1987) Comparison of P300 from a passive tone sequence paradigm and an active discrimination task. Psychophysiology 24:41–46.
J. Polich & T. Burns (1987) P300 from identical twins. Neuropsychologia 25:299–304.
J. Polich , C. McCarthy , W. S. Wang & E. Donchin (1983) When words collide: Orthographic and phonological interference during word processing. Biological Psychology 16:155–80.
L. W. Poon , L. W. Thompson , R. B. Williams Jr, & G. R. Marsh (1974) Changes of antero-posterior distribution of CNV and late positive component as a function of information processing demands. Psychophysiology 11:660–73.
M. I. Posner , R. Klein , J. Summers & S. Buggie (1973) On the selection of signals. Memory and Cognition 1:2–12.
K. H. Pribram & D. McCuinness (1975) Arousal, activation, and effort in the control of attention. Psychological Review 82:116–49.
W. S. Pritchard (1981) Psychophysiology of P300. Psychological Bulletin 89:506–40.
P. M. A. Rabbitt (1966) Errors and error-correction in choice response tasks. Journal of Experimental Psychology 71:264–72.
P. M. A. Rabbitt (1968) Three kinds of error-signalling responses in a serial choice task. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology 20:232–40.
P. M. A. Rabbitt & B. Rogers (1977) What does a man do after he makes an error? An analysis of response programming. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology 29:727–43.
R. Ragot (1984) Perceptual and motor space representation: An event-related potential study. Psychophysiology 21:159–70.
R. Ragot & B. Renault (1981) P300 as a function of S-R compatibility and motor programming. Biological Psychology 13:289–94.
R. Ragot & B. Renault (1985) P300 and S-R compatibility: A Reply to Magliero et al. Psychophysiology 22:349–52.
R. J. Remington (1969) Analysis of sequential effects in choice reaction times. Journal of Experimental Psychology 82:250–57.
F. Restle (1970) Theory of serial pattern learning: Structural trees. Psychological Review 77:481–95.
W. Ritter , R. Simson & H. C. Vaughan Jr, (1972) Association cortex potentials and reaction time in auditory discrimination. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology 33:547–55.
W. Ritter & H. G. Vaughan Jr, (1969) Averaged evoked responses in vigilance and discrimination: A reassessment. Science 164:326–28.
W. Ritter , H. G. Vaughan Jr, & L. D. Costa (1968) Orienting and habituation to auditory stimuli: A study of short-term changes in average evoked responses. Electroencephalography & Clinical Neurophysiology 25:550–56.
F. Rösier (1983) Endogenous ERPs and cognition: Probes, prospects, and pitfalls in matching pieces of the mind-body puzzle. In: Tutorials in event related potential research: Endogenous components, ed. A. W. K. Gaillard & W. Ritter . North-Holland.
W. T. Roth (1973) Auditory evoked responses to unpredictable stimuli. Psychophysiology 10:125–38.
W. T. Roth (1983) A comparison of P300 and the skin conductance response. In: Tutorials in ERP research — Endogenous components, ed. A. W. K. Gaillard & W. Ritter . North-Holland.
W. T. Roth , G. H. Blowers , C. Doyle & B. S. Kopell (1982) Auditory stimulus intensity effects on components of the late positive complex. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology 54:132–46.
W. T. Roth , K. H. Dorato & B. S. Kopell (1984) Intensity and task effects on evoked physiological responses to noise bursts. Psychophysiology 21:466–81.
W. T. Roth , J. M. Ford & B. S. Kopell (1978) Long-latency evoked potentials and reaction time. Psychophysiology 15(1):17–23.
D. S. Ruchkin , R. Munson & S. Sutton (1982) P300 and slow wave in a message consisting of two events. Psychophysiology 19:629–42.
D. S. Ruchkin , S. Sutton & D. Mahaffey (1987) Functional differences between members of the P300 complex: P3e and P3b. Psychophysiology 24:87–103.
D. S. Ruchkin , S. Sutton , D. Mahaffey & J. Glaser (1986) Terminal CNV in the absence of motor response. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology 63:445–63.
D. S. Ruchkin , S. Sutton , R. Munson , K. Silver & F. Macar (1981) P300 and feedback provide d by absence of the stimulus. Psychophysiology 18:271–82.
M. D. Rugg (1984) Event-related potentials and the phonological processing of words and non-words. Neuropsychologia 22:435–43.
M. Sams , K. Alho & R. Näätänen (1983) Sequential effects on the ERP in discriminating two stimuli. Biological Psychology 17:41–58.
M. Sams , K. Alho & R. Näätänen (1984) Short-term habituation and dishabituation of the mismatch negativity of the ERP. Psychophysiology 21:434–41.
A. F. Sanders (1983) Towards a model of stress and human performance. Acta Psychologica 53:61–97.
T. F. Sanquist , J. W. Rohrbaugh , K. Syndulko & D. B. Lindsley (1980) Electrocortical signs of levels of processing: Perceptual analysis and recognition memory. Psychophysiology 17:568–76.
R. W. Schvaneveldt & W. G. Chase (1969) Sequential effects in choice reaction time. Journal of Experimental Psychology 80:1–8.
R. W. Scholz (1987) Cognitive strategies in stochastic thinking. Reidel.
G. C. Sheatz & R. M. Chapman (1969) Task relevance and auditory evoked responses. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology 26:468–75.
V. B. Shvyrkov (1985) Towards a psychophysiological theory of behavior. In: Psychophysiological approach to human information processing, ed. F. Klix , R. Näätänen & K. Zimmer . Elsevier.
J. A. Siegel (1974) Sensory and verbal coding strategies in subjects with absolute pitch. Journal of Experimental Psychology 103:37–44.
J. A. Siegel & W. Siegel (1977) Absolute identification of notes and intervals by musicians. Perception & Psychophysics 21:143–52.
R. F. Simons , J. E. Hoffman & F. W. Macmillan III, (1983) The component structure of event-related slow potentials: Task, ISI, and warning stimulus effects on the ‘E’ wave. Biological Psychology 17:193–219.
R. F. Simons , A. ähman & P. J. Lang (1979) Anticipation and response set: Cortical, cardiac and electrodermal correlates. Psychophysiology 16:222–33.
R. Simson , H. G. Vaughan Jr, & W. Ritter (1977) The scalp topography of potentials in auditory and visual go/no go tasks. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology 43:864–75.
W. Singer (1986) The brain as a self-organizing system. European Archives of Psychiatry and Neurological Sciences 236:4–9.
D. B. Smith , E. Donchin , L. Cohen & A. Starr (1970) Auditory averaged evoked potentials in man during selective binaural listening. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology 28:146–52.
M. E. Smith , J. M. Stapleton & E. Halgren (1986) Human medial temporal lobe potentials evoked in memory and language tasks. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology 63:145–59.
E. Snyder & S. A. Hillyard (1976) Long latency evoked potentials to irrelevant, deviant stimuli. Behavioral Biology 16:319–31.
K. C. Squires , E. Donchin , R. I. Herning & G. McCarthy (1977b) On the influence of task relevance and stimulus probability on event-related potential components. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology 42:1–14.
K. C Squires , S. A. Hillyard & P. H. Lindsay (1973) Cortical potentials evoked by confirming and disconfirming feedback following an auditory discrimination. Perception & Psychophysics 13:25–31.
K. C. Squires , S. Petuchowski , C. Wickens & E. Donchin (1977a) The effects of stimulus sequence on event related potentials: A comparison of visual and auditory sequences. Perception & Psychophysics 22(1):31–40.
K. C. Squires , C. D. Wickens , N. K. Squires & E. Donchin (1976) The effect of stimulus sequence on the waveform of the cortical event-related potential. Science 193:1142–46.
N. K. Squires , K. C. Squires & S. A. Hillyard (1975) Two varieties of long-latency positive waves evoked by unpredictable auditory stimuli in man. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology 38:387–401.
J. M. Stapleton & E. Halgren (1987) Endogenous potentials evoked in simple cognitive tasks: Depth components and task correlates. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology 67:44–52.
J. M. Stapleton , E. Halgren & K. A. Moreno (1987) Endogenous potentials after interior temporal lobectomy. Neuropsychologia 25:549–57.
J. M. Stapleton , T. O'Reilly & E. Halgren (1987) Endogenous potentials in simple cognitive tasks: Scalp topography. International Journal of Neurosdence 36:75–88.
J. A. Stern , L. C. Walrath & R. Goldstein (1984) The endogenous eyeblink. Psychophysiology 21:22–33.
J. Strauss , J. L. Lewis , R. Klorman , L.-J. Peloquin , R. A. Perlmutter & L. F. Salzman (1984) Effects of methylphenidate on young adults' performance and event-related potentials in a vigilance and a paired-associates learning test. Psychophysiology 21:609–21.
D. T. Stuss & T. W. Picton (1978) Neurophysiological correlates of human concept formation. Behavioral Biology 23:135–62.
D. T. Stuss , T. W. Picton & A. M. Cerri (1986) Searching for the names of pictures: An event-related potential study. Psychophysiology 23:215–23.
S. Sutton (1969) The specification of psychological variables in an average evoked potential experiment. In: Average evoked potentials: Methods, results and evaluations, ed. E. Donchin & D. B. Lindsley (NASA SP–191). U.S. Government Printing Office.
S. Sutton (1979) P300 — thirteen years later. In: Evoked brain potentials and behavior, ed. H. Begleiter . Plenum Press.
S. Sutton , M. Braren , J. Zubin & E. R. John (1965) Evoked-potential correlates of stimulus uncertainty. Science 150:1187–88.
S. Sutton , P. Tueting , J. Zubin & E. R. John (1967) Information delivery and the sensory evoked potential. Science 155:1436–39.
J. H. de Swart , A. Kok & E. A. Das-Smaal (1981) P300 and uncertainty reduction in a concept identification task. Psychophysiology 18:619–29.
M. J. Taylor (1978) Bereitschaftspotential during the acquisition of a skilled motor task. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology 45:568–76.
D. M. Tucker & P. A. Williamson (1984) Asymmetric neural control systems in human self-regulation. Psychological Review 91:185–215.
P. Tueting , S. Sutton & J. Zubin (1970) Quantitative evoked potential correlates of the probability of events. Psychophysiology 7:385–94.
R. Ulrich (1987) Threshold models of temporal-order judgments evaluated by a ternary response task. Perception & Psychophysics 42:224–39.
C. Van Petten & M. Kutas (1987) Ambiguous words in context: An event-related potential analysis of the time course of meaning activation. Journal of Memory and Language 26:188–208.
M. Velasco , F. Velasco , A. L. Velasco , X. Almanza & A. Olivera (1986) Subcortical correlates of the P300 potential complex in man to auditory stimuli. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology 64:199–210.
M. N. Verbaten , J. W. Roelofs , W. Sjouw & J. L. Slangen (1986a) Habituation of early and late visual ERP components and the orienting reaction: The effect of stimulus information. International Journal of Psychophysiology 3:287–98.
M. N. Verbaten , J. W. Roelofs , W. Sjouw & J. L. Slangen (1986b) Different effects of uncertainty and complexity on single trial visual ERPs and the SCR-OR in non-signal conditions. Psychophysiology 23:254–62.
R. Verleger , T. Gasser & J. Möcks (1985) Short-term changes of event-related potentials during concept learning. Biological Psychology 20:1–16.
K. R. Vervaeck & L. C. Boer (1980) Sequential effects in two-choice reaction time: Subjective expectancy and automatic aftereffect at short response-stimulus intervals. Acta Psychologica 44:175–90.
H. von Restorff (1933) Über die Wirkung von Bereichsbildungen im Spurenfeld. Psychologische Forschung 18:299–342.
W. G. Walter , R. Cooper , V. J. Aldridge , W. C. McCallum & A. L. Winter (1964) Contingent negative variation: An electric sign of sensorimotor association and expectancy in the human brain. Nature (London) 203:380–84.
W. D. Ward & E. M. Burns (1982) Absolute pitch. In: The psychology of music, ed. D. Deutsch . Academic Press.
L. R. Warren (1980) Evoked potential correlates of recognition memory. Biological Psychology 11:21–35.
M. O. West , E. Christian , J. H. Robinson & S. A. Deadwyler (1982) Evoked potentials in the dentate gyrus reflect the retention of past sensory events. Neuroscience Letters 28:319–24.
C. D. Wickens , A. Kramer , L. Vanasse & E. Donchin (1983) Performance of concurrent tasks: A psychophysiological analysis of th e reciprocity of information-processing resources. Science 221:1080–82.
R. T. Wilkinson (1980) Evoked potentials and signal detection: The influence of slow potentials. In: Evoked potentials, ed. C. Barber . MTP Press.
R. T. Wilkinson & S. M. Ashby (1974) Selective attention, contingent negative variation and the evoke d potential. Biological Psychology 1:167–79.
R. T. Wilkinson & D. M. Seales (1978) EEG event-related potentials and signal detection. Biological Psychology 7:13–28.
R. T. Wilkinson & M. T. Spence (1973) Determinants of the post-stimulus resolution of contingent negative variation. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology 35:503–9.
L. E. Wilson , M. R. Harter & H. H. Wells (1973) Evoked cortical potentials and discrimination problem-solving in humans. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology 34:15–22.
J. C. Woestenburg , M. N. Verbaten & J. L. Slangen (1981) The influence of information on habituation of the “Wiener” filtered visual event related potential and the skin conductance reaction. Biological Psychology 13:189–201.
J. C. Woestenburg , M. N. Verbaten & J. L. Slangen (1983) Stimulus information and habituation of the visual event related potential and the skin conductance reaction under task-relevance conditions. Biological Psychology 16:225–40.
C. C. Wood & G. McCarthy (1984) Principal component analysis of event-related potentials: Simulation studies demonstrate misallocation of variance across components. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology 59:249–60.
C. C. Wood , G. McCarthy , N. K. Squires , H. G. Vaughan , D. L. Woods & W. C. McCallum (1984) Anatomical an d physiological substrates of event-related potentials: Two case studies. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 425:681–721.
R. S. Wyer Jr, & T. K. Srull (1986) Human cognition in its social context. Psychological Review 93:322–59.
C. D. Yingling & Y. Hosobuchi (1984) A subcortical correlate of P300 in man. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology 59:72–76.