Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

The Leabra architecture: Specialization without modularity

  • Alexander A. Petrov (a1), David J. Jilk (a2) and Randall C. O'Reilly (a3)

Abstract

The posterior cortex, hippocampus, and prefrontal cortex in the Leabra architecture are specialized in terms of various neural parameters, and thus are predilections for learning and processing, but domain-general in terms of cognitive functions such as face recognition. Also, these areas are not encapsulated and violate Fodorian criteria for modularity. Anderson's terminology obscures these important points, but we applaud his overall message.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Anderson, J. R. (2007) How can the human mind occur in the physical universe? Oxford University Press.
Anderson, J. R., Bothell, D., Byrne, M. D., Douglass, S., Lebiere, C. & Qin, Y. (2004) An integrated theory of mind. Psychological Review 111:1036–60.
Anderson, M. L. (2007a) Evolution of cognitive function via redeployment of brain areas. The Neuroscientist 13:1321.
Anderson, M. L. (2007c) The massive redeployment hypothesis and the functional topography of the brain. Philosophical Psychology 21(2):143–74.
Atallah, H. E., Frank, M. J. & O'Reilly, R. C. (2004) Hippocampus, cortex, and basal ganglia: Insights from computational models of complementary learning systems. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory 82(3):253–67.
Bergeron, V. (2007) Anatomical and functional modularity in cognitive science: Shifting the focus. Philosophical Psychology 20(2):175–95.
Carruthers, P. (2006) The architecture of the mind: Massive modularity and the flexibility of thought. Clarendon Press/Oxford University Press.
Cherniak, C., Mokhtarzada, Z., Rodrigues-Esteban, R. & Changizi, K. (2004) Global optimization of cerebral cortex layout. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 101:1081–86.
Fodor, J. (1983) The modularity of mind. MIT Press.
Fodor, J. (2000) The mind doesn't work that way. MIT Press.
Huettel, S. A., Song, A. W. & McCarthy, G. (2008) Functional magnetic resonance imaging. Sinauer.
Jilk, D. J., Lebiere, C., O'Reilly, R. C. & Anderson, J. R. (2008) SAL: An explicitly pluralistic cognitive architecture. Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Artificial Intelligence 20:197218.
McClelland, J. L., McNaughton, B. L. & O'Reilly, R. C. (1995) Why there are complementary learning systems in the hippocampus and neocortex: Insights from the successes and failures of connectionist models of learning and memory. Psychological Review 102:419–57.
Mesulam, M.-M. (1990) Large-scale neurocognitive networks and distributed processing for attention, language and memory. Annals of Neurology 28:597613.
Miller, E. K. & Cohen, J. D. (2001) An integrative theory of prefrontal cortex function. Annual Review of Neuroscience 24:167202.
O'Reilly, R. C. (1998) Six principles for biologically based computational models of cortical cognition. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 2:455–62.
O'Reilly, R. C. (2006) Biologically based computational models of high-level cognition. Science 314(5796):9194.
O'Reilly, R. C., Braver, T. S. & Cohen, J. D. (1999) A biologically based computational model of working memory. In: Models of working memory: Mechanisms of active maintenance and executive control, ed. Miyake, A & Shah, P, pp. 375411. Cambridge University Press.
O'Reilly, R. C. & Frank, M. J. (2006) Making working memory work: A computational model of learning in the prefrontal cortex and basal ganglia. Neural Computation 18:283328.
O'Reilly, R. C. & Munakata, Y. (2000) Computational explorations in cognitive neuroscience: Understanding the mind by simulating the brain. MIT Press.
Poldrack, R. A. (2006) Can cognitive processes be inferred from neuroimaging data? Trends in Cognitive Sciences 10:5963.
Prinz, J. (2006) Is the mind really modular? In: Contemporary debates in cognitive science, ed. Stainton, R. J., pp. 2236. Blackwell.
Samuels, R. (2006) Is the human mind massively modular? In: Contemporary debates in cognitive science, ed. Stainton, R. J., pp. 3756. Blackwell.
Tooby, J. & Cosmides, L. (1992) The psychological foundations of culture. In: The adapted mind: Evolutionary psychology and the generation of culture, ed. Barkow, J., Cosmides, L. & Tooby, J., pp. 19136. Oxford University Press.
Uttal, W. R. (2001) The new phrenology: The limits of localizing cognitive processes in the brain. MIT Press.

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed