Barsalou L. W. (2008) Grounded cognition. Annual Review of Psychology 59:617–45.
Bechara A., Tranel D, Damasio H., Adolphs R., Rockland C. & Damasio A. R. (1995) Double dissociation of conditioning and declarative knowledge relative to the amygdala and hippocampus in humans. Science 269:1115–18.
Beckers T., De Houwer J., Pineno O., & Miller R. R. (2005) Outcome additivity and outcome maximality influence cue competition in human causal learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition 31:238–49.
Carson S. H., Peterson J. B. & Higgins D. M. (2003) Decreased latent inhibition is associated with increased creative achievement in high-functioning individuals. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 85:499–506.
Chambaron S., Ginhac D., Ferrel-Chapus C. & Perruchet P. (2006) Implicit learning of a repeated segment in continuous tracking: A reappraisal. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology 59:845–54.
Christiansen M. H. & Chater N. (2008) Language as shaped by the brain. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31(5):489–558.
Clark A. (1990) Connectionism, competence, and explanation. British Journal of Philosophical Science 41:195–222.
Clark R. E. & Squire L. R. (1998) Classical conditioning and brain systems: The role of awareness. Science 280(5360):77–81.
Cornwell B. R., Echiverri A. M. & Grillon C. (2007) Sensitivity to masked conditioned stimuli predicts conditioned response magnitude under masked conditions. Psychophysiology 44:403–406.
Davey G. C. L. (1992) Classical conditioning and the acquisition of human fears and phobias: A review and synthesis of the literature. Advances in Behaviour Research and Therapy 14:29–66.
Dawson M. E. & Biferno M. A. (1973) Concurrent measurement of awareness and electrodermal classical conditioning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 101:55–62.
Dawson M. E., Rissling A. J., Schell A. M. & Wilcox R. (2007) Under what conditions can human affective conditioning occur without contingency awareness? Test of the evaluative conditioning paradigm. Emotion 7:755–66.
Dawson M. E., Schell A. M. & Banis H. T. (1986) Greater resistance to extinction of electrodermal responses conditioned to potentially phobic CS: A non-cognitive process? Psychophysiology 23:552–61.
De Houwer J., (2009) The propositional approach to associative learning as an alternative for association formation models. Learning and Behavior 37:1–20.
Gawronski B. & Bodenhausen G. V. (2006) Associative and propositional processes in evaluation: An integrative review of implicit and explicit attitude change. Psychological Bulletin 132:692–731.
Hamm A. O. & Vaitl D. (1996) Affective learning: Awareness and aversion. Psychophysiology 33:698–710.
Karazinov D. M. & Boakes R. A. (2007) Second order conditioning in human predictive judgments when there is little time to think. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology 60:448–60.
Knuttinen M. G., Power J. M., Preston A. R. & Disterhoft J. F. (2001) Awareness in classical differential eyeblink conditioning in young and aging humans. Behavioral Neuroscience 115(4):747–57.
Le Pelley M. E., Oakeshott S. M. & McLaren I. P. L. (2005a) Blocking and unblocking in human causal learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes 31:56–70.
Lipp O. V. & Purkis H. (2005) No support for dual process accounts of human affective learning in Pavlovian conditioning. Cognition and Emotion 19:269–82.
Lovibond P. F., Loo J. C. J., Weidemann G. & Mitchell C. J. (submitted) Awareness is necessary for differential trace and delay eyeblink conditioning in humans.
Lovibond P. F. & Shanks D. R. (2002) The role of awareness in Pavlovian conditioning: Empirical evidence and theoretical implications. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes 28:3–26.
Lovibond P. F., Siddle D. A. T. & Bond N. W. (1993) Resistance to extinction of fear-relevant stimuli: Preparedness or selective sensitization? Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 122:449–61.
Mackintosh N. J. (1975) A theory of attention: Variations in the associability of stimuli with reinforcement. Psychological Review 82(4):276–98.
Merker B. (2007) Consciousness without a cerebral cortex: A challenge for neuroscience and medicine. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30(1):63–81.
Miller R. R. & Matzel L. D. (1988) The comparator hypothesis: A response rule for the expression of associations. In: The psychology of learning and motivation, vol. 22, ed. Bower G. H., pp. 51–92. Academic Press.
Mitchell C. J. & Lovibond P. F. (2002) Backward and forward blocking in human electrodermal conditioning: Blocking requires an assumption of outcome additivity. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology 55B:311–29.
Mitchell C. J., Wardle S., Lovibond P. F., Weidemann G. & Chang B. (in revision) Is Perruchet's dissociation between cued reaction time and outcome expectancy evidence for two separate associative learning processes? Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition.
Newell B. R., Lagnado D. A. & Shanks D. R. (2007) Challenging the role of implicit processes in probabilistic category learning. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review 14:505–11.
Öhman A. & Soares J. J. F. (1998) Emotional conditioning to masked stimuli: Expectancies for aversive outcomes following non-recognized fear-relevant stimuli. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 127:69–82.
Pearce J. M. & Hall G. (1980) A model for Pavlovian learning: Variations in the effectiveness of conditioned but not of unconditioned stimuli. Psychological Review 87:532–52.
Perruchet P. (1985) A pitfall for the expectancy theory of human eyelid conditioning. Pavlovian Journal of Biological Sciences 20:163–70.
Perruchet P., Cleeremans A. & Destrebecqz A. (2006) Dissociating the effects of automatic activation and explicit expectancy on reaction times in a simple associative learning task. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition 32:955–65.
Pessoa L., Japee S. & Ungerleider L. G. (2005) Visual awareness and the detection of fearful faces. Emotion 5:243–47.
Pleyers G., Corneille O., Luminet O. & Yzerbyt V. (2007) Aware and (dis)liking: Item-based analyses reveal that valence acquisition via evaluative conditioning emerges only when there is contingency awareness. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition 33:130–44.
Purkis H. M. & Lipp O. V. (2001) Does affective learning exist in the absence of contingency awareness? Learning and Motivation 32:84–99.
Rescorla R. A. & Wagner A. R. (1972) A theory of Pavlovian conditioning: Variations in the effectiveness of reinforcement and non-reinforcement. In: Classical conditioning: Current theory and research, vol. 2, ed. Black A. H. & Prokasy W. F., pp. 64–99. Appleton-Century-Crofts.
Shanks D. R. (2007) Associationism and cognition: Human contingency learning at 25. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology 60:291–309.
Shanks D. R. & Lovibond P. F. (2002) Autonomic and eyeblink conditioning are closely related to contingency awareness: Reply to Wiens and Öhman (2002) and Manns et al. (2002). Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes 28:38–42.
Shanks D. R. & St. John M. F.. (1994) Characteristics of dissociable human learning systems. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17:367–447; discussion pp. 447–94.
Smyth A. C. & Shanks D. R. (2008) Awareness in contextual cuing with extended and concurrent explicit tests. Memory and Cognition 36:403–15.
Speekenbrink M., Channon S. & Shanks D. R. (2008) Learning strategies in amnesia. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews 32:292–310.
Spiegel R. & McLaren I. P. L. (2006) Associative sequence learning in humans. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes 32(2):156–63.
Stevenson R. J., Boakes R. A. & Prescott J. (1998) Changes in odor sweetness resulting from implicit learning of a simultaneous odor-sweetness association: An example of learned synesthesia. Learning and Motivation 29:113–32.
Wagner A. R. (1981) SOP: A model of automatic memory processing in animal behavior. In: Information processing in animals: Memory mechanisms, ed. Spear N. E. & Miller R. R., pp. 5–47. Erlbaum.
Wardle S. G., Mitchell C. J. & Lovibond P. F. (2007) Flavor evaluative conditioning and contingency awareness. Learning and Behavior 35:233–41.
Weike A. I., Schupp H. T. & Hamm A. O. (2007) Fear acquisition requires awareness in trace but not delay conditioning. Psychophysiology 44(1):170–80.
Wiens S., Katkin E. S. & Öhman A. (2003) Effects of trial order and differential conditioning on acquisition of differential shock expectancy and skin conductance conditioning to masked stimuli. Psychophysiology 40:989–97.
Wilkinson L. & Shanks D. R. (2004) Intentional control and implicit sequence learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition 30:354–69.