Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
×
Home

Martyrdom's would-be myth buster

  • Scott Atran (a1)

Abstract

Lankford overgeneralizes individual psychology from limited, fragmentary and doubtful materials, and underplays strategic, ideological, and group dynamical factors. His speculative claims manifest a form of fundamental attribution error: the tendency – especially evident in popular attachment to moral presumptions of individual responsibility and volition – to overestimate effects of personality and underestimate situational effects in explaining social behavior. The book's appeal may owe more to ideological preference than to interests of science or national security.

Copyright

References

Hide All
ARTIS (2009) Theoretical frames on pathways to violent radicalization. Prepared for the Office of Naval Research. Available at: http://www.artisresearch.com/articles/ARTIS_Theoretical_Frames_August_2009.pdf
Atran, S. (2003) Genesis of suicide terrorism. Science 299:1534–39. Available at: http://www.sciencemag.org/content/299/5612/1534.full
Atran, S. (2008) Who becomes a terrorist today? Perspectives on Terrorism 2(5). Available at: http://www.terrorismanalysts.com/pt/index.php/pot/article/view/35/html
Atran, S. (2010c) Talking to the enemy: Violent extremism, sacred values, and what it means to be human. Penguin.
Atran, S. (2011) Pathways to and from violent extremism: The case for science-based field research. Testimony before the Senate Armed Services Subcommittee on Emerging Threats & Capabilities, March 10, 2010. [Available at:http://armed-services.senate.gov/statemnt/2010/03%20March/Atran%2003-10-10.pdf.] Follow up responses to Senators' questions (2010–2011). [Available at: http://www.jjay.cuny.edu/US_Senate_Hearing_on_Violent_Extremism.pdf].
Atran, S., Axelrod, R. & Davis, R. (2007) Sacred barriers to conflict resolution. Science 31:1039–40.
Atran, S. & Medin, D. (2008) The native mind and the cultural construction of nature. MIT Press.
Brym, R. & Araj, B. (2012) Are suicide bombers suicidal? Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 35:432–43.
Ehrenreich, B. (1997) Blood rites: Origins and history of the passions of war. Henry Holt.
Ginges, J., Atran, S., Medin, D. & Shikaki, K. (2007) Sacred bounds on the rational resolution of violent political conflict. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 104:7357–60.
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (2007) The Saudi experience of countering terrorism. Riyadh Ministry of Interior, Document Processing Center.
Kruglanski, A. W. & Gelfand, M. J. (2013) Motivation, ideology, and the social process of radicalization: A social science Minerva project. APS Observer 26(4). Available at: http://www.psychologicalscience.org/index.php/publications/observer/2013/april-13/motivation-ideology-and-the-social-process-in-radicalization.html
Lankford, A. (2013c) The myth of martyrdom: What really drives suicide bombers, rampage shooter, and other self-destructive killers. Palgrave Macmillan.
Magouirk, J. & Atran, S. (2008) Jemaah Islamiyah's radical madrassah network. Dynamics of Asymmetric Warfare 1(1). Available at: http://www.artisresearch.com/articles/Atran_Jemaah_Islamiyahs.pdf
Merari, A., Diamant, I., Bibi, A., Broshi, Y. & Zakin, G. (2010) Personality characteristics of “self martyrs”/“suicide bombers” and organizers of suicide attacks. Terrorism and Political Violence 22(1):87101.
Norenzayan, A. & Nisbett, R. E. (2000) Culture and causal cognition. Current Directions in Psychological Science 9:132–35.
Ohnuki-Tierney, E. (2006) Kamikaze, cherry blossoms, and nationalisms: The militarization of aesthetics in Japanese history. University of Chicago Press.
Pape, R. (2010) Cutting the fuse: The explosion of global suicide terrorism and how to stop it. University of Chicago Press.
Pedhazur, A. & Perlinger, A. (2006) The changing nature of suicide attacks: A social network perspective. Social Forces 84:19872008.
Sageman, M. (2008) Leaderless Jihad. University of Pennsylvania Press.
Tobeña, A. (2011) Suicide attack martyrdoms: Temperament and mindset of altruistic warriors. In: Pathological altruism, ed. Oakley, B., Knafo, A., Madhavan, G. & Wilson, D.S., pp. 207–44. Oxford University Press.
Tokkotai Senbotsusha Irei Heiwa Kinen Kyoukai (Tokkotai Commemoration Peace Memorial Association) (1990) Tokubetsu Kougekitai (Special Attack Corps). Tokkotai Senbotsusha Irei Heiwa Kinen Kyoukai.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Behavioral and Brain Sciences
  • ISSN: 0140-525X
  • EISSN: 1469-1825
  • URL: /core/journals/behavioral-and-brain-sciences
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed