Skip to main content

The “mechanism” of human cognitive variation

  • Matthew K. Belmonte (a1)

The theory of psychosis and autism as diametrical disorders offers a tractable and testable view of normal and abnormal human cognitive variation as a function of opposing traits grouped by their selection for maternal and paternal reproductive fitness. The theory could be usefully rooted and developed with reference to the lower-level perceptual and attentional phenomena from which social cognitive modules are developmentally refined.

Hide All
Aylward E. H., Minshew N. J., Goldstein G., Honeycutt N. A., Augustine A. M., Yates K. O., Barta P. E. & Pearlson G. D. (1999) MRI volumes of amygdala and hippocampus in non-mentally retarded autistic adolescents and adults. Neurology 53:2145–50.
Baron-Cohen S. (2002) The extreme male brain theory of autism. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 6:248–54.
Butler P. D. & Javitt D. C. (2005) Early-stage visual processing deficits in schizophrenia. Current Opinion in Psychiatry 18:151–57.
Butler P. D., Martinez A., Foxe J. J., Kim D., Zemon V., Silipo G., Mahoney J., Shpaner M., Jalbrzikowski M. & Javitt D. C. (2007) Subcortical visual dysfunction in schizophrenia drives secondary cortical impairments. Brain 130:417–30.
Charman T. (1997) The relationship between joint attention and pretend play in autism. Development and Psychopathology 9:116.
Corbett B. A. & Constantine L. J. (2006) Autism and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: Assessing attention and response control with the integrated visual and auditory continuous performance test. Child Neuropsychology 12:335–48.
DeLong R. (2004) Autism and familial major mood disorder: Are they related? Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience 16:199213.
Frith C. D. (2005a) The neural basis of hallucinations and delusions. Comptes Rendus Biologies 328:169–75.
Jarrold C., Butler D. W., Cottington E. M. & Jimenez F. (2000) Linking theory of mind and central coherence bias in autism and in the general population. Developmental Psychology 36:126–38.
Johnson M. H., Halit H., Grice S. J. & Karmiloff-Smith A. (2002) Neuroimaging of typical and atypical development: A perspective from multiple levels of analysis. Development and Psychopathology 14:521–36.
Karmiloff-Smith A. (2007) Atypical epigenesis. Developmental Science 10:8488.
Leitman D. I., Hoptman M. J., Foxe J. J., Saccente E., Wylie G. R., Nierenberg J., Jalbrzikowski M., Lim K. O. & Javitt D. C. (2007) The neural substrates of impaired prosodic detection in schizophrenia and its sensorial antecedents. American Journal of Psychiatry 164:474–82.
Lewis J. D. & Elman J. L. (2008) Growth-related neural reorganization and the autism phenotype: A test of the hypothesis that altered brain growth leads to altered connectivity. Developmental Science 11:135–55.
McAlonan G. M., Daly E., Kumari V., Critchley H. D., van Amelsvoort T., Suckling J., Simmons A., Sigmundsson T, Greenwood K., Russell A., Schmitz N., Happé F., Howlin P. & Murphy D. G. M. (2002) Brain anatomy and sensorimotor gating in Asperger's syndrome. Brain 125:1594–606.
Mottron L., Dawson M., Soulières I., Hubert B., Burack J. A. (2006) Enhanced perceptual functioning in autism: An update, and eight principles of autistic perception. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 36:2743.
Perry W., Minassian A., Lopez B., Maron L. & Lincoln A. (2007) Sensorimotor gating deficits in adults with autism. Biological Psychiatry 61:482–86.
Pies R. (2007) The historical roots of the bipolar spectrum: Did Aristotle anticipate Kraepelin's broad concept of manic-depression? Journal of Affective Disorders 100:711.
Rojas D. C., Smith J. A., Benkers T. L., Camou S. L., Reite M. L. & Rogers S. J. (2004) Hippocampus and amygdala volumes in parents of children with autistic disorder. American Journal of Psychiatry 161:2038–44.
Takarae Y., Minshew N. J., Luna B. & Sweeney J. A. (2007) Atypical involvement of frontostriatal systems during sensorimotor control in autism. Psychiatry Research 156:117–27.
Uhlhaas P. J., Phillips W. A., Schenkel L. S. & Silverstein S. M. (2006) Theory of mind and perceptual context-processing in schizophrenia. Cognitive Neuropsychiatry 11:416–36.
Uhlhaas P. J. & Silverstein S. M. (2005) Perceptual organization in schizophrenia spectrum disorders: A review of empirical research and associated theories. Psychological Bulletin 131:618–32.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Behavioral and Brain Sciences
  • ISSN: 0140-525X
  • EISSN: 1469-1825
  • URL: /core/journals/behavioral-and-brain-sciences
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 4
Total number of PDF views: 23 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 125 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 20th January 2018. This data will be updated every 24 hours.