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Metacognition may be more impaired than mindreading in autism

  • David M. Williams (a1), Sophie E. Lind (a2) and Francesca Happé (a3)
Abstract
Abstract

This commentary focuses on evidence from autism concerning the relation between metacognition and mindreading. We support Carruthers' rejection of models 1 (independent systems) and 3 (metacognition before mindreading), and provide evidence to strengthen his critique. However, we also present evidence from autism that we believe supports model 2 (one mechanism, two modes of access) over model 4 (mindreading is prior).

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Fisher N., Happé F. & Dunn J. (2005) The relationship between vocabulary, grammar, and false belief task performance in children with autistic spectrum disorders and children with moderate learning difficulties. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 46:409–19.
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Lind S. E. (2008) Episodic memory, “theory of mind,” and temporally extended self-awareness in autism spectrum disorder. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, City University, London.
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Lind S. E. & Bowler D. M. (under revised review) Self-other source memory and its relation to theory-of-mind in autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders.
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Williams D. M. (2008) Conceptual and pre-conceptual awareness of self and other: Studies of autism and typical development. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of London.
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Williams D. M. & Happé F. (in press b) “What did I say?” versus “What did I think?”: Attributing false beliefs to self amongst children with and without autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders.
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Behavioral and Brain Sciences
  • ISSN: 0140-525X
  • EISSN: 1469-1825
  • URL: /core/journals/behavioral-and-brain-sciences
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