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No reliable gender differences in attachment across the lifespan

  • Marian J. Bakermans-Kranenburg (a1) and Marinus H. van IJzendoorn (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 February 2009

In middle childhood, boys show more avoidant attachments and girls more ambivalent attachments as a prelude to gender differentiation in reproductive strategies. However, we have failed to find systematic and method-independent gender differences in middle or late childhood attachments, nor in adult attachment representations. We conclude that Del Giudice's model rests on a brittle empirical basis.

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