Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 1
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Fowers, B.J. and Lang, S. 2016. Encyclopedia of Mental Health.


    ×

(Not so) positive illusions

  • Justin Kruger (a1), Steven Chan (a2) and Neal Roese (a3)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0140525X09991270
  • Published online: 01 January 2010
Abstract
Abstract

We question a central premise upon which the target article is based. Namely, we point out that the evidence for “positive illusions” is in fact quite mixed. As such, the question of whether positive illusions are adaptive from an evolutionary standpoint may be premature in light of the fact that their very existence may be an illusion.

Copyright
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

J. R. Chambers & P. D. Windschitl (2004) Biases in social comparison judgments: The role of nonmotivated factors in above-average and comparative-optimism effects. Psychological Bulletin 130:813–38.

D. Dunning , J. A. Meyerowitz & A. D. Holzberg (1989) Ambiguity and self-evaluation: The role of idiosyncratic trait definitions in self-serving assessments of ability. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 57:1082–90.

L. Festinger (1954) A theory of social comparison processes. Human Relations 7:117–40.

S. J. Heine , D. R. Lehman , H. R. Marcus & S. Kitayama (1999) Is there a universal need for positive self-regard? Psychological Review 106(4):766–94.

J. Kruger (1999) Lake Wobegon be gone! The “below-average effect” and the egocentric nature of comparative ability judgments. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 77:221232.

J. Kruger & J. Burrus (2004) Egocentrism and focalism in unrealistic optimism (and pessimism). Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 40:332–40.

J. Kruger & K. Savitsky (2009) On the genesis of inflated (and deflated) judgments of responsibility: Egocentrism revisited. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes 108:143–52.

D. A. Moore (2007) Not so above average after all: When people believe they are worse than average and its implications for theories of bias in social comparison. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes 102:4258.

D. A. Moore & P. J. Healy (2008) The trouble with overconfidence. Psychological Review 115:502–17.

D. A. Moore & T. G. Kim (2003) Myopic social prediction and the solo comparison paradox. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 85:1121–35.

E. Quinones-Vidal , J. J. Lopez-Garcia , M. Penaranda-Ortega & F. Tortosa-Gil (2004) The nature of social and personality psychology as reflected in JPSP, 1965–2000. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 86:435–52.

N. J. Roese & J. M. Olson (2007) Better, stronger, faster: Self-serving judgment, affect regulation, and the optimal vigilance hypothesis. Perspectives on Psychological Science 2:124–41.

S. E. Taylor & J. D. Brown (1988) Illusion and well-being: A social psychological perspective on mental health. Psychological Bulletin 103(2):193210.

P. D. Windschitl , J. Kruger & E. N. Simms (2003) The influence of egocentrism and focalism on people's optimism in competitions: When what affects us equally affects me more. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 85:389408.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Behavioral and Brain Sciences
  • ISSN: 0140-525X
  • EISSN: 1469-1825
  • URL: /core/journals/behavioral-and-brain-sciences
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

This erratum applies to the following article(s)