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    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Bachkirova, Tatiana 2016. A new perspective on self-deception for applied purposes. New Ideas in Psychology, Vol. 43, p. 1.

    Lynch, Kevin 2016. Willful ignorance and self-deception. Philosophical Studies, Vol. 173, Issue. 2, p. 505.

    Bachkirova, Tatiana 2015. Self-deception in coaches: an issue in principle and a challenge for supervision. Coaching: An International Journal of Theory, Research and Practice, Vol. 8, Issue. 1, p. 4.

    Chance, Zoë Gino, Francesca Norton, Michael I. and Ariely, Dan 2015. The slow decay and quick revival of self-deception. Frontiers in Psychology, Vol. 6,

    Chance, Zoë and Norton, Michael I 2015. The what and why of self-deception. Current Opinion in Psychology, Vol. 6, p. 104.

    Blasko, Dawn G. Lum, Heather C. White, Matthew M. and Drabik, Holly Blasko 2014. Psychology, Pedagogy, and Assessment in Serious Games.

    Marshall, James A.R. Trimmer, Pete C. Houston, Alasdair I. and McNamara, John M. 2013. On evolutionary explanations of cognitive biases. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, Vol. 28, Issue. 8, p. 469.

    Rofé, Yacov and Rofé, Yochay 2013. Conversion Disorder: A Review Through the Prism of the Rational-Choice Theory of Neurosis. Europe’s Journal of Psychology, Vol. 9, Issue. 4, p. 832.


Self-deception: A paradox revisited

  • Albert Bandura (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 03 February 2011

A major challenge to von Hippel & Trivers's evolutionary analysis of self-deception is the paradox that one cannot deceive oneself into believing something while simultaneously knowing it to be false. The authors use biased information seeking and processing as evidence that individuals knowingly convince themselves of the truth of their falsehood. Acting in ways that keep one uninformed about unwanted information is self-deception. Acting in selectively biasing and misinforming ways is self-bias.

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A. Bandura (1999) Moral disengagement in the perpetration of inhumanities. Personality and Social Psychology Review 3:193209.

A. Bandura (2008) The reconstrual of “free will” from the agentic perspective of social cognitive theory. In: Are we free? Psychology and free will, ed. J. Baer , J. C. Kaufman & R. F. Baumeister , pp. 86127. Oxford University Press.

S. Bok (1980) The self deceived. Social Science Information 19:923–36.

T. S. Champlin (1977) Self-deception: A reflexive dilemma. Philosophy 52:281–99.

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Behavioral and Brain Sciences
  • ISSN: 0140-525X
  • EISSN: 1469-1825
  • URL: /core/journals/behavioral-and-brain-sciences
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