Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Sex differences in mathematical reasoning ability among the intellectually talented: Further thoughts

  • Camilla Persson Benbow (a1)
  • In response to commentaries on:

Copyright

References

Hide All
Anderson, R. H., Fleming, D. E., Rhees, R. W. & Kinghorn, E. (1986) Relationships between sexual activity, plasma testosterone, and the volume of the sexually dimorphic nucleus of the preoptic area in prenatally stressed an nonstressed rats. Brain Research 370: 110. [KBH]
Annett, M. (1980) Sex differences in laterality - meaningfulness versus reliability. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3: 227–28. [KR]
Ashton, G. C. & Borecki, I. B. (1987) Further evidenc e for a gene influencing spatial ability. Behavior Genetics 17: 243–56. [JPR]
Becker, B. J. & Hedges, L. V. (1988) The effects of selection and variability in studies of gender differences. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11: 183–84. [DIB]
Benbow, C. P. (1986) Physiological correlates of extreme intellectual precocity. Neuropsychologia 24: 719–25. [rCPB]
(1988a) Sex differences in mathematical reasoning ability in intellectually talented preadolescents: Thei r nature, effects, and possible causes. Behavioral and Brain Sciences: 11: 169–83. [rCPB, DIB, JGB, TJB, JE, KBH, ACP, JPR, KR]
(1988b) Sex-related differences in precocious mathematical reasoning ability: Not illusory, not easily explained. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11: 217–25. [JE, KBH]
Benbow, C. P. & Arjmands, O. (in press) Predictors of high academic achievement in mathematics and science among mathematically talented students: A longitudinal study. Journal of Educational Psychology. [rCPB]
Benbow, C. P. & Stanley, J. C. (1980) Sex differences in mathematical ability: Fact or artifact? Science 210.1262–64. [rCPB]
(1982) Consequences in high school and college of sex differences in mathematical reasoning ability: A longitudinal perspective. American Educational Research Journal 19: 598622. [rCPB]
(1983) Sex differences in mathematical reasoning ability: More facts. Science 22: 1029–31. [KR]
Bock, R. D., Wainer, H., Petersen, A. C, Thissen, D., Murray, J. & Roche, A. (1973) A parameterization for individual human growth curves. Human Biology 45: 6380. [ACP]
Bouchard, T. J. Jr. & McGue, M. (1981) Familial studies of intelligence: A review. Science 212: 1055–59. [TJB]
Dobzshansky, T. (1973) Differences are not deficits. Psychology Today 7: 96101. [TJB]
Ehrhardt, A. A. & Baker, S. W. (1974) Fetal androgens, human central nervous system differentiation, and behavior sex differences. In: Sex differences in behavior, ed. Friedman, R. C., Richert, R. M. & van de Wiele, R. L.. Wiley. [rCPB]
Ehrhardt, A. A., Epstein, R & Money, J. (1968) Fetal androgens and female gender identity in the early-treated adrenogenital syndrome. Johns Hopkins Medical Journal 122: 165–67. [rGPB]
Eliot, J. (1987) Models of psychological space. Springer-Verlag. [JE]
Eysenck, H. J. (1988) O Tempora, O Mores! Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11: 189–90. [TJB]
Faii-weather, H. (1976) Sex differences in cognition. Cognition 4: 231–50. [DIB]
Galton, F. (1869) Hereditary genius. Macmillan. [TJB]
Geschwind, N. & Galaburda, A. M. (1985) Cerebral lateralization. Biological mechanisms, associations, and pathology: II. A hypothesis and a program for research. Archives of Neurology 42: 521–52. [TJB]
Hamann, M. S. & Ashcroft, M. H. (1985) Simple and complex mental addition across development. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology 40: 4972. [KR]
Holland, J. H., Holyoak, K. J., Nisbett, R. E. & Thagard, P. R. (1986) Induction: Processes of inference, learning and discovery. MIT Press. [KR]
Hoyenga, K. B. & Hoyenga, K. T. (1988) Psychobiology: The neuron and behavior. Brooks/Cole. [KBH]
Jackson, N. E. (1988) To understand sex differences we must understand reasoning processes (and vice versa). Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11: 197–98. [KBH]
James, W. (1890) The principles of psychology. Holt. [KBH]
Jardine, R. & Martin, N. G. (1984) No evidence for sex-linked or sex-limited gene expression influencing spatial orientation. Behavior Genetics 14: 345–54. [DIB]
Kahn, A. S. & Jean, P. J. (1983) Integration and elimination or separation and redefinition in the future of the psychology of women. Women in Culture and Society 8: 659–71. [KBH]
Kenrick, D. T. (1988) Biology: Si! Hard-wired ability: Maybe no. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11: 199200. [KBH]
Kertesz, A., Polk, M., Howell, J. & Black, S. E. (1986) Cerebral dominance, sex, and callosal size on MRI. Neurology (Suppl. 1) 316. [KBH]
(1987) Cerebral dominance, sex, and callosal size in MRI. Neurology 37: 1385–88. [KBH]
Kimball, M. M. (1986) Developing a feminist psychology of women: Past and future accomplishments. Canadian Psychology 27: 248–59. [KBH]
Kirnura, D. (1988) Biological influences on cognitive function. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11: 200. [JPR]
Koch, S. (1981) The nature and limits of psychological knowledge: Lessons of a century qua “Science.” American Psychologist 36: 257–69. [KBH]
Kolata, G. (1987) Remembering a “magical genius.” Science 236: 1519–21. [TJB]
Li, C. C. (1987) A genetical model for emergenesis: In memory of Laurence H. Snyder, 1901–86. American Journal of Human Genetics 41: 517–23. [TJB]
Lykken, D. T. (1981) Research with twins: The concept of emergenesis. Psychophysiology 19: 361–73. [TJB]
Maccoby, E. E. & Jacklin, C. N. (1974) The psychology of sex differences. Stanford University Press. [ACP]
Norman, M. G. (1982) Mechanisms of brain damage in twins. The Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences 9: 339–44. [TJB]
Nussbaum, R. L. & Ledbetter, D. H. (1986) Fragile X syndrome: A unique mutation in man. Annual Review of Genetics 20: 109–45. [KBH]
Olson, D. M. & Eliot, J. (1986) Relationships between experiences, processing style, and sex-related differences in performance on spatial tests. Perceptual and Motor Skills 63: 479–86. [JE]
Olson, D. M., Eliot, J. & Hardy, R. C. (1988) Relationships between activities and sex-related differences in performance on spatial tests. Perceptual and Motor Skills 67: 223–32. [JE]
Paterson, A. H., Lander, E. S., Hewitt, J. D., Peterson, S., Lincoln, S. E. & Tanksley, S. D. (1988) Resolution of quantitative traits into Mendelian factors by using a complete linkage map of restriction fragment length polymorphisms. Nature 335: 721–26. [TJB]
Petersen, A. C. & Ebata, A. T. (1987) Developmental transitions and adolescent problem behavior: Implications for prevention and intervention. In: Social prevention and intervention, ed. Hurrelmann, K.. De Gruyter. [ACP]
Plomin, R. & Daniels, D. (1987) Why are children in the same family so different from one another? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 10: 160. [DIB, TJB]
Plomin, R., DeFries, J. C. & Loehlin, J. C. (1977) Genotype-environment interaction and correlation in the analysis of human behavior. Psychological Bulletin 84: 309–22. [TJB]
Post, R. H. (1962) Population differences in vision acuity: A review, with speculative notes on selection relaxation. Social Biology 29: 319–43. [JPR]
Reed, T. E. (1984) Mechanism for heritability of intelligence. Nature 311: 417. [TJB]
(1988) Narrow-sense heritability estimates on nerve conduction velocity and residual latency in mice. Behavior Genetics 18: 595603. [TJB]
Reinisch, J. M. & Sanders, S. A. (1984) Prenatal gonadal steroid influences on gender-related behavior. In: Progress in brain research, vol. 61, ed. De Vries, G. J., DeBruin, J. P. C., Uylings, H. B. M. & Cornet, H. A.. Elsevier. [rCPB]
Richardson, K. (1988) Understanding psychology. Milton Keynes, Open University Press. [KR]
Roberts, L. R., Sarigiani, P. A. & Petersen, A. C. (submitted) Gender differences in developmental change in the achievement - self-image relationship over early adolescence. [ACP]
Rushton, J. P. (1984) Sociobiology: Toward a theory of individual and group differences in personality and social behavior (with commentaries and response). In: Annals of theoretical psychology, vol. 2, ed. Royce, J. R. & Mos, L. P.. Plenum. [JPR]
(1985) Differential K theory: The sociobiology of individual and group differences. Personality and Individual Differences 6: 441–52. [JPR]
(1988) Race differences in behaviour: A review and evolutionary analysis. Personality and Individual Differences 9: 1009–24. [JPR]
Simonton, D. K. (1988) Scientific genius: A psychology of science. Cambridge University Press. [TJB]
Soma, H., Takayama, M., Kiyokawa, T., Akaeda, T. & Tokoro, K. (1975) Serum gonadotropin levels in Japanese women. Obstetrics and Gynecology 46: 311–12. [JPR]
Springer, S. P. & Deutsch, G. (1985) Left brain, right brain. Freeman. [TJB]
Steen, L. A. (1987) Mathematics education: A predictor of scientific competitiveness. Science 237: 251–53. [JPR]
Thissen, A., Bock, R. D., Waieer, H. & Roche, A. F. (1976) Individual growth in stature: A comparison of four growth studies in the U.S.A. Human Biology 6: 529–42. [ACP]
Thomas, H. (1985) A theory of high mathematical aptitude. Journal of Mathematical Psychology 29: 231–42. [DIB]
Vandenberg, S. G. (1988) Could these sex differences be due to genes? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11: 212–14. [TJB]
Vandenberg, S. G. & Vogler, G. P. (1985) Genetic determinants of intelligence. In: Handbook of intelligence, ed. Wolman, B. B.. John Wiley. [TJB]
Via, S. & Lande, R. (1985) Genotype-environment interaction and the evolution of phenotypic plasticity. Evolution 39: 505–22. [KBH]
Ward, I. L. & Reed, J. (1985) Prenatal stress and prepubertal social rearing conditions interact to determine sexual behavior in male rats. Behavioral Neuroscience 99: 301–9. [KBH]
Widnall, S. E. (1988) AAAS presidential lecture: Voices from the pipeline. Science 241: 1740–45. [KBH]
Wild, C. & Durso, R. (1979) Effect of increased test-taking time on test scores by ethnic group, age, and sex. GRE Board Research Report GREB No. 76–6R. [KBH]
Wilson, E. O. (1975) Sociobiology: The new synthesis. Harvard University Press. [JPR]
Wittig, M. A. & Petersen, A. C, eds. (1979) Sex-related differences in cognitive functioning: Developmental issues. Academic Press. [ACP]
Zohar, A. & Guttman, R. (1988) The forgotten realm of genetic differences. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11: 217. [TJB]

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed