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  • Cited by 2
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    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Fitch, W. Tecumseh and Martins, Mauricio D. 2014. Hierarchical processing in music, language, and action: Lashley revisited. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, Vol. 1316, Issue. 1, p. 87.

    Toni, Ivan de Lange, Floris P. Noordzij, Matthijs L. and Hagoort, Peter 2008. Language beyond action. Journal of Physiology-Paris, Vol. 102, Issue. 1-3, p. 71.


Sign languages are problematic for a gestural origins theory of language evolution

  • Karen Emmorey (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 April 2005

Sign languages exhibit all the complexities and evolutionary advantages of spoken languages. Consequently, sign languages are problematic for a theory of language evolution that assumes a gestural origin. There are no compelling arguments why the expanding spiral between protosign and protospeech proposed by Arbib would not have resulted in the evolutionary dominance of sign over speech.

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Behavioral and Brain Sciences
  • ISSN: 0140-525X
  • EISSN: 1469-1825
  • URL: /core/journals/behavioral-and-brain-sciences
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