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  • Cited by 11
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    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Arbib, Michael A. 2015. From Action to Typology? A Neuro-evolutionary Perspective. Language and Linguistics Compass, Vol. 9, Issue. 2, p. 102.

    Ibáñez, Agustín Cardona, Juan F. Dos Santos, Yamil Vidal Blenkmann, Alejandro Aravena, Pía Roca, María Hurtado, Esteban Nerguizian, Mirna Amoruso, Lucía Gómez-Arévalo, Gonzalo Chade, Anabel Dubrovsky, Alberto Gershanik, Oscar Kochen, Silvia Glenberg, Arthur Manes, Facundo and Bekinschtein, Tristán 2013. Motor-language coupling: Direct evidence from early Parkinson’s disease and intracranial cortical recordings. Cortex, Vol. 49, Issue. 4, p. 968.

    Moulin-Frier, Clément and Arbib, Michael A. 2013. Recognizing speech in a novel accent: the motor theory of speech perception reframed. Biological Cybernetics, Vol. 107, Issue. 4, p. 421.

    Buckingham, Hugh W. 2010. Aristotle's functional association psychology. The syntagmatic and the paradigmatic axes in the neurolinguistics of Roman Jakobson and Alexander Luria: An anatomical and functional quagmire. Aphasiology, Vol. 24, Issue. 3, p. 395.

    Lim, Vanessa K. Wilson, Anna J. Hamm, Jeff P. Phillips, Nicola Iwabuchi, Sarina J. Corballis, Michael C. Arzarello, Ferdinando and Thomas, Michael O.J. 2009. Semantic processing of mathematical gestures. Brain and Cognition, Vol. 71, Issue. 3, p. 306.

    Stamenova, Vessela Roy, Eric A. and Black, Sandra E. 2009. A Model-Based Approach to Understanding Apraxia in Corticobasal Syndrome. Neuropsychology Review, Vol. 19, Issue. 1, p. 47.

    Arbib, Michael A. 2008. From grasp to language: Embodied concepts and the challenge of abstraction. Journal of Physiology-Paris, Vol. 102, Issue. 1-3, p. 4.

    Zlatev, Jordan 2008. From proto-mimesis to language: Evidence from primatology and social neuroscience. Journal of Physiology-Paris, Vol. 102, Issue. 1-3, p. 137.

    Arbib, M.A. 2007. Evolution of Nervous Systems.

    Arbib, Michael A. 2006. A Sentence is to Speech as What is to Action?. Cortex, Vol. 42, Issue. 4, p. 507.

    Oztop, Erhan Kawato, Mitsuo and Arbib, Michael 2006. Mirror neurons and imitation: A computationally guided review. Neural Networks, Vol. 19, Issue. 3, p. 254.


Speech and gesture are mediated by independent systems

  • Anna M. Barrett (a1), Anne L. Foundas (a2) and Kenneth M. Heilman (a3)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 April 2005

Arbib suggests that language emerged in direct relation to manual gestural communication, that Broca's area participates in producing and imitating gestures, and that emotional facial expressions contributed to gesture-language coevolution. We discuss functional and structural evidence supporting localization of the neuronal modules controlling limb praxis, speech and language, and emotional communication. Current evidence supports completely independent limb praxis and speech/language systems.

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Behavioral and Brain Sciences
  • ISSN: 0140-525X
  • EISSN: 1469-1825
  • URL: /core/journals/behavioral-and-brain-sciences
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