Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Theoretical integration in motivational science: System justification as one of many “autonomous motivational structures”

  • Aaron C. Kay (a1) and John T. Jost (a2)

Abstract

Recognizing that there is a multiplicity of motives – and that the accessibility and strength of each one varies chronically and temporarily – is essential if motivational scientists are to achieve genuine theoretical and empirical integration. We agree that system justification is a case of nonconscious goal pursuit and discuss implications of the fact that it conflicts with many other psychological goals.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Brandt, M. J. (2013) Do the disadvantaged legitimize the social system? A large-scale test of the status-legitimacy hypothesis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 104:765–85.
Brehm, J. W. (1966) A theory of psychological reactance. Academic Press.
Greenberg, J., Koole, S. L. & Pyszczynski, T. eds. (2004) Handbook of experimental existential psychology. Guilford.
Greenwald, A. G. (2004) The resting parrot, the dessert stomach, and other perfectly defensible theories. In: The yin and yang of social cognition: Perspectives on the social psychology of thought systems, ed. Jost, J. T., Banaji, M. R. & Prentice, D. A., pp. 275–85. American Psychological Association.
Jost, J. T., Kay, A. C. & Thorisdottir, H. eds. (2009) Social and psychological bases of ideology and system justification. Oxford University Press.
Jost, J. T., Pietrzak, J., Liviatan, I., Mandisodza, A. N. & Napier, J. L. (2008) System justification as conscious and nonconscious goal pursuit. In: Handbook of motivation science, ed. Shah, J. & Gardner, W., pp. 591605. Guilford.
Jost, J. T. & Thompson, E. P. (2000) Group-based dominance and opposition to equality as independent predictors of self-esteem, ethnocentrism, and social policy attitudes among African Americans and European Americans. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 36:209–32.
Kay, A., Jimenez, M. C. & Jost, J. T. (2002) Sour grapes, sweet lemons, and the anticipatory rationalization of the status quo. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 28:1300–12.
Kay, A. C., Gaucher, D., Peach, J. M., Friesen, J., Laurin, K., Zanna, M. P. & Spencer, S. J. (2009) Inequality, discrimination, and the power of the status quo: Direct evidence for a motivation to view what is as what should be. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 97:421–34.
Laurin, K., Kay, A. C. & Fitzsimons, G. J. (2012) Reactance versus rationalization: Divergent responses to Constrained Freedom. Psychological Science 23:205209.
Ledgerwood, A., Mandisodza, A., Jost, J. T. & Pohl, M. (2011) Working for the system: Motivated defense of meritocratic beliefs. Social Cognition 29:322–40.
Liviatan, I. & Jost, J. T. (2014) A social-cognitive analysis of system justification goal striving. Social Cognition 32(2):95129
McCoy, S. T. & Major, B. (2007) Priming meritocracy and the psychological justification of inequality. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 43:341–51.
O'Brien, L. T., Major, B. N. & O'Gilbert, P. N. (2012) Gender differences in entitlement: The roles of system justifying beliefs. Basic and Applied Social Psychology 34:136–45.
Proulx, T., Inzlicht, M. & Harmon-Jones, E. (2012) Understanding all inconsistency compensation as a palliative response to violated expectations. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16:285–91.
Pyszczynski, T., Solomon, S., Greenberg, J. & Stewart-Fouts, M. (1995) Liberating and constraining aspects of self: Why the freed bird finds a new cage. In: The self in European and North American culture: Development and processes, ed. Oosterwegel, A. & Wicklund, R. A., pp. 357–73. Kluwer.
Reynolds, K. J., Jones, B., O'Brien, K. & Subasic, E. (in press). System justification and social change in social and political psychology: The importance of sub-group and superordinate levels of self-categorization. European Psychologist.
Sullivan, D., Landau, M. J. & Kay, A. C. (2012) Toward a comprehensive understanding of existential threat: Insights from Paul Tillich. Social Cognition 30:734–57.

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed