Skip to main content
×
Home

Trace conditioning, awareness, and the propositional nature of associative learning

  • Nanxin Li (a1)
Abstract
Abstract

The propositional nature of human associative learning is strongly supported by studies of trace eyeblink and fear conditioning, in which awareness of the contingency of a conditioned stimulus upon an unconditioned stimulus is a prerequisite for successful learning. Studies of animal lesion and human imaging suggest that the hippocampus is critical for establishing functional connections between awareness and trace conditioning.

Copyright
References
Hide All
Beylin A. V., Gandhi C. C., Wood G. E., Talk A. C., Matzel L. D. & Shors T. J. (2001) The role of the hippocampus in trace conditioning: temporal discontinuity or task difficulty? Neurobiology of Learning and Memory 76(3):447–61.
Buchel C., Dolan R. J., Armony J. L. & Friston K. J. (1999) Amygdala-hippocampal involvement in human aversive trace conditioning revealed through event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging. Journal of Neuroscience 19(24):10869–76.
Carter R. M., Hofstotter C., Tsuchiya N. & Koch C. (2003) Working memory and fear conditioning. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 100(3):1399–404.
Cheng D. T., Disterhoft J. F., Power J. M., Ellis D. A. & Desmond J. E. (2008) Neural substrates underlying human delay and trace eyeblink conditioning. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 105(23):8108–13.
Clark R. E., Manns J. R. & Squire L. R. (2002) Classical conditioning, awareness, and brain systems. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 6(12):524–31.
Clark R. E. & Squire L. R. (1998) Classical conditioning and brain systems: The role of awareness. Science 280(5360):7781.
Clark R. E. & Squire L. R. (1999) Human eyeblink classical conditioning: Effects of manipulating awareness of the stimulus contingencies. Psychological Science 10(1):1418.
Knight D. C., Cheng D. T., Smith C. N., Stein E. A. & Helmstetter F. J. (2004) Neural substrates mediating human delay and trace fear conditioning. Journal of Neuroscience 24(1):218–28.
Knuttinen M. G., Power J. M., Preston A. R. & Disterhoft J. F. (2001) Awareness in classical differential eyeblink conditioning in young and aging humans. Behavioral Neuroscience 115(4):747–57.
Manns J. R., Clark R. E. & Squire L. R. (2000) Parallel acquisition of awareness and trace eyeblink classical conditioning. Learning and Memory 7(5):267–72.
McEchron M. D., Tseng W. & Disterhoft J. F. (2003) Single neurons in CA1 hippocampus encode trace interval duration during trace heart rate (fear) conditioning in rabbit. Journal of Neuroscience 23(4):1535–47.
McGlinchey-Berroth R., Carrillo M. C., Gabrieli J. D., Brawn C. M. & Disterhoft J. F. (1997) Impaired trace eyeblink conditioning in bilateral, medial-temporal lobe amnesia. Behavioral Neuroscience 111(5):873–82.
McIntosh A. R., Rajah M. N. & Lobaugh N. J. (2003) Functional connectivity of the medial temporal lobe relates to learning and awareness. Journal of Neuroscience 23(16):6520–28.
Shors T. J. (2004) Memory traces of trace memories: Neurogenesis, synaptogenesis and awareness. Trends in Neurosciences 27(5):250–56.
Solomon P. R., Van der Schaaf E. R., Thompson R. F. & Weisz D. J. (1986) Hippocampus and trace conditioning of the rabbit's classically conditioned nictitating membrane response. Behavioral Neuroscience 100(5):729–44.
Weike A. I., Schupp H. T. & Hamm A. O. (2007) Fear acquisition requires awareness in trace but not delay conditioning. Psychophysiology 44(1):170–80.
Weiss C., Bouwmeester H., Power J. M. & Disterhoft J. F. (1999) Hippocampal lesions prevent trace eyeblink conditioning in the freely moving rat. Behavioural Brain Research 99(2):123–32.
Woodruff-Pak D. S. & Disterhoft J. F. (2008) Where is the trace in trace conditioning? Trends in Neurosciences 31(2):105–12.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Behavioral and Brain Sciences
  • ISSN: 0140-525X
  • EISSN: 1469-1825
  • URL: /core/journals/behavioral-and-brain-sciences
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 4
Total number of PDF views: 24 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 106 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 19th November 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.