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  • Cited by 2
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    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    HUFFARD, CHRISTINE L. SAARMAN, NORAH HAMILTON, HEALY and SIMISON, W. BRIAN 2010. The evolution of conspicuous facultative mimicry in octopuses: an example of secondary adaptation?. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, Vol. 101, Issue. 1, p. 68.

    Strömberg, Caroline A. E. 2006. Evolution of hypsodonty in equids: testing a hypothesis of adaptation. Paleobiology, Vol. 32, Issue. 2, p. 236.


Use of phylogenetic analysis to distinguish adaptation from exaptation

  • Daniel G. Blackburn (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 August 2002

One important difference between adaptive and nonadaptive explanations can be found in the evolutionary sequence of structural and functional modifications. Phylogenetic analysis (cladistics) provides a powerful methodology for distinguishing exaptation from adaptation, by indicating whether character traits have predated, accompanied, or followed evolution of particular functions. Such analysis yields falsifiable hypotheses that can help to distinguish causal relationships from mere correlation.

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Behavioral and Brain Sciences
  • ISSN: 0140-525X
  • EISSN: 1469-1825
  • URL: /core/journals/behavioral-and-brain-sciences
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