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Vulnerabilities to addiction must have their impact through the common currency of discounted reward1

  • George Ainslie (a1)

The ten vulnerabilities discussed in the target article vary in their likelihood of producing temporary preference for addictive activities – which is the phenomenon that puzzles conventional motivational theory. Direct dopaminergic stimulation, but probably not the other vulnerabilities, may contribute to the necessary concavity of addicts' delay discounting curves, as may factors that the senior author analyzes elsewhere. Whatever their origins, these curves can themselves account for temporary preference, sudden craving, and the “automatic” habits discussed here.

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G. Ainslie (2005) Précis of Breakdown of will. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28(5):635–73.

L. B. Alloy & L. Y. Abramson (1979) Judgment of contingency in depressed and nondepressed students: Sadder but wiser? Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 108:441–85.

K. C. Berridge (2007) The debate over dopamine's role in reward: The case for incentive salience. Psychopharmacology 191(3):391431.

T. E. Robinson & K. C. Berridge (2001) Mechanisms of action of addictive stimuli: Incentive sensitization and addiction. Addiction 96:103–14.

N. D. Volkow , J. S. Fowler & G.-J. Wang (2002) Role of dopamine in drug reinforcement and addiction in humans: Results from imaging studies. Behavioral Pharmacology 13(5):355–66.

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Behavioral and Brain Sciences
  • ISSN: 0140-525X
  • EISSN: 1469-1825
  • URL: /core/journals/behavioral-and-brain-sciences
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