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  • Cited by 1
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    Hurford, James R. 2007. The origin of noun phrases: Reference, truth and communication. Lingua, Vol. 117, Issue. 3, p. 527.


What proper names, and their absence, do not demonstrate

  • Andrew Carstairs-McCarthy (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 June 2003

Hurford claims that empty variables antedated proper names in linguistic (not merely logical) predicate-argument structure, and this had an effect on visual perception. But his evidence, drawn from proper names and the supposed inability of nonhumans to recognise individual conspecifics, is weak. So visual perception seems less relevant to the evolution of grammar than Hurford thinks.

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Behavioral and Brain Sciences
  • ISSN: 0140-525X
  • EISSN: 1469-1825
  • URL: /core/journals/behavioral-and-brain-sciences
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