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What's behind the smile?

  • John J. Ohala (a1)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0140525X10001585
  • Published online: 20 December 2010
Abstract
Abstract

Many species' non-threat facial expression involves an open mouth and retracted lip corners – the smile. This served to make an accompanying vocalization sound like it originated from a smaller vocalizer. That such signals are deceptive and benefit primarily the signaler undermines the notion that the perception of the smile employs embodied simulation of the smiler's state.

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This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

R. J. Andrew (1963) The origin and evolution of the calls and facial expressions of the primates. Behaviour 20:1109.

N. Bolwig (1964) Facial expressions in primates with remarks on a parallel development in certain carnivores (A preliminary report on work in progress). Behaviour 22:167–92.

J. J. Campos , D. Mumme , R. Kermoian & R. G. Campos (1994) A functionalist perspective on the nature of emotion. The Japanese Journal of Research on Emotions 2(1):120.

C. Darwin (1872) The expression of the emotions in man and animals. John Murray.

E. W. Morton (1977) On the occurrence and significance of motivation-structural rules in some bird and mammal sounds. American Naturalist 111:855–69.

J. J. Ohala (1984) An ethological perspective on common cross-language utilization of F0 of voice. Phonetica 41:116.

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Behavioral and Brain Sciences
  • ISSN: 0140-525X
  • EISSN: 1469-1825
  • URL: /core/journals/behavioral-and-brain-sciences
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