Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa

What's behind the smile?

  • John J. Ohala (a1)

Many species' non-threat facial expression involves an open mouth and retracted lip corners – the smile. This served to make an accompanying vocalization sound like it originated from a smaller vocalizer. That such signals are deceptive and benefit primarily the signaler undermines the notion that the perception of the smile employs embodied simulation of the smiler's state.

Hide All
AndrewR. J. (1963) The origin and evolution of the calls and facial expressions of the primates. Behaviour 20:1109.
BolwigN. (1964) Facial expressions in primates with remarks on a parallel development in certain carnivores (A preliminary report on work in progress). Behaviour 22:167–92.
CamposJ. J., MummeD., KermoianR. & CamposR. G. (1994) A functionalist perspective on the nature of emotion. The Japanese Journal of Research on Emotions 2(1):120.
DarwinC. (1872) The expression of the emotions in man and animals. John Murray.
Eibl-EibesfeldtI. (1971) Love and hate: The natural history of behavior patterns. Holt, Rinehard & Winston.
IzardC. (1971) The face of emotion. Appleton Century Crofts.
MortonE. W. (1977) On the occurrence and significance of motivation-structural rules in some bird and mammal sounds. American Naturalist 111:855–69.
OhalaJ. J. (1984) An ethological perspective on common cross-language utilization of F0 of voice. Phonetica 41:116.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Behavioral and Brain Sciences
  • ISSN: 0140-525X
  • EISSN: 1469-1825
  • URL: /core/journals/behavioral-and-brain-sciences
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *


Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 11
Total number of PDF views: 46 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 194 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 22nd October 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.