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When reasoning is persuasive but wrong

  • Robert J. Sternberg (a1)
Abstract
Abstract

Mercier and Sperber (M&S) are correct that reasoning and argumentation are closely related. But they are wrong in arguing that this relationship is one of evolutionary adaptation. In fact, persuasive reasoning that is not veridical can be fatal to the individual and to the propagation of his or her genes, as well as to the human species as a whole.

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References
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Janis I. L. (1972) Victims of groupthink. Houghton-Mifflin.
Moscovici S. & Zavalloni M. (1969) The group as a polarizer of attitudes. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 12:125–35.
Stanovich K. E. (1993) Dysrationalia: A new specific learning disability. Journal of Learning Disabilities 26(8):501–15.
Stanovich K. E. (2009) What intelligence tests miss: The psychology of rational thought. Yale University Press.
Sternberg R. J., ed. (2002) Why smart people can be so stupid. Yale University Press.
Sternberg R. J., Reznitskaya A. & Jarvin L. (2007) Teaching for wisdom: What matters is not just what students know, but how they use it. London Review of Education 5(2):143–58.
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Behavioral and Brain Sciences
  • ISSN: 0140-525X
  • EISSN: 1469-1825
  • URL: /core/journals/behavioral-and-brain-sciences
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