Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
×
Home

Preliminary Investigation of the Reliability and Validity of the Clinical Perfectionism Questionnaire in a Clinical Sample

  • Kimberley J. Hoiles (a1) (a2), Robert T. Kane (a1), Hunna J. Watson (a3) (a4), Clare S. Rees (a1) and Sarah J. Egan (a1)...
Abstract

Perfectionism is a risk and maintaining factor across psychopathology and has been proposed to be a transdiagnostic process. The aim of this study was to examine the reliability and validity of the Clinical Perfectionism Questionnaire (CPQ) in 32 adults (75% female, M age = 35.54 years, SD = 9.71) with a range of psychological disorders, presenting for treatment of clinical perfectionism. There was evidence that the CPQ was correlated with established measures of perfectionism and theoretically related constructs including self-criticism and dichotomous thinking. The CPQ was also able to predict treatment outcome. The internal consistency was not adequate in the current study; however, the sample size was small. Future studies should examine the psychometric properties of the CPQ in a larger sample of individuals with a range of psychological disorders.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Preliminary Investigation of the Reliability and Validity of the Clinical Perfectionism Questionnaire in a Clinical Sample
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Preliminary Investigation of the Reliability and Validity of the Clinical Perfectionism Questionnaire in a Clinical Sample
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Preliminary Investigation of the Reliability and Validity of the Clinical Perfectionism Questionnaire in a Clinical Sample
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
Corresponding author
Address for correspondence: Kimberley Hoiles, Specialised CAMHS Eating Disorders Program, Princess Margaret Hospital for Children, PO Box D184, Perth WA 6840, Australia. Email: Kimberley.Hoiles@health.wa.gov.au
References
Hide All
Bardone-Cone, A.M., Wonderlich, S.A., Frost, R.O., Bulik, C.M., Mitchell, J.E., Uppala, S., & Simonich, H. (2007). Perfectionism and eating disorders: Current status and future directions. Clinical Psychology Review, 27, 384405. doi:10.1016/j.cpr.2006.12.005
Brown, T.A., Di Nardo, P.A., & Barlow, D.H. (1994). Anxiety Disorders Interview Schedule for DSM-IV (ADIS-IV). San Antonio, TX: Psychological Corporation/Graywind Publications Inc.
Byrne, S.M., Allen, K.L., Dove, E.R., Watt, F.J., & Nathan, P.R. (2008). The reliability and validity of the dichotomous thinking in eating disorders scale. Eating Behaviors, 9, 154162. doi:10.1016/j.eatbeh.2007.07.002
Chang, E.C., & Sanna, L.J. (2012). Evidence for the validity of the Clinical Perfectionism Questionnaire in a nonclinical population: More than just negative affectivity. Journal of Personality Assessment, 94, 102108. doi:10.1080/00223891.2011.627962
Charter, R.A. (2003). Study samples are too small to produce sufficiently precise reliability coefficients. Journal of General Psychology, 130, 117129. doi:10.1080/00221300309601280
Dickie, L., Surgenor, L.J., Wilson, M., & McDowall, J. (2012). The structure and reliability of the Clinical Perfectionism Questionnaire. Personality and Individual Differences, 61–62, 3842. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2012.02.003
Dunkley, D.M., Blankstein, K.R., Masheb, R.M., & Grilo, C.M. (2006). Personal standards and evaluative concerns dimensions of ‘clinical’ perfectionism: A reply to Shafran et al. (2002, 2003) and Hewitt et al. (2003). Behaviour Research and Therapy, 44, 6384. doi:10.1016/j.brat.2004.12.004
Dunkley, D.M., & Kyparissis, A. (2008). What is DAS self-critical perfectionism really measuring? Relations with the feive-factor model of personality and depressive symptoms. Personality and Individual Differences, 44, 12951305. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2007.11.022
Egan, S.J., Hattaway, M., & Kane, R.T. (2014). The relationship between perfectionism and rumination in post traumatic stress disorder. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 42, 211223. doi:10.1017/S1352465812001129
Egan, S.J., & Hine, P. (2008). Cognitive behavioural treatment of perfectionism: A single case experimental design series. Behaviour Change, 25 (4), 245258. doi:10.1375/bech.25.4.245
Egan, S.J., Piek, J.P., Dyck, M.J., & Rees, C.S. (2007). The role of dichotomous thinking and rigidity in perfectionism. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 45, 18131822. doi:10.1016/j.brat.2007.02.002
Egan, S.J., Shafran, R., Lee, M., Fairburn, C.G., Cooper, Z., Doll, H.A., . . . Watson, H.J. (2016). The reliability and validity of the Clinical Perfectionism Questionnaire in eating disorder and community samples. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 44, 7991. doi:10.1017/S1352465814000629
Egan, S.J., van Noort, E., Chee, A., Kane, R.T., Hoiles, K.J., Shafran, R., & Wade, T.D. (2014). A randomised controlled trial of face to face versus pure online self-help cognitive behavioural treatment for perfectionism. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 67, 107113. doi:10.1016/j.brat.2014.09.009
Egan, S.J., Wade, T.D., & Shafran, R. (2011). Perfectionism as a transdiagnostic process: A clinical review. Clinical Psychology Review, 31, 203212. doi:10.1016/j.cpr.2010.04.009
Fairburn, C.G., Cooper, Z., & Shafran, R. (2003). The Clinical Perfectionism Questionnaire. Unpublished scale, University of Oxford, UK.
Frost, R.O., Marten, P., Lahart, C., & Rosenblate, R. (1990). The dimensions of perfectionism. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 14, 449468. doi:10.1007/BF01172967
Grisham, J.R., Brown, T.A., & Campbell, L.A. (2004). The Anxiety Disorders Interview schedule for DSM-IV (ADIS-IV). In Hersen, M., Segal, D.L., & Hilsenroth, M.J. (Eds.), Comprehensive handbook of psychological assessment, Volume 2: Personality assessment (pp. 163177). New York: Wiley.
Handley, A., Egan, S.J., Kane, R.T., & Rees, C.S. (2015). A randomised controlled trial of group cognitive behavioural therapy for perfectionism. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 68, 3747. doi:10.1016/j.brat.2015.02.006
Hewitt, P.L., & Flett, G.L. (1991). Perfectionism in the self and social contexts: Conceptualization, assessment, and association with psychopathology. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 60, 456470. doi:10.1037/0022–3514.60.3.456
Hoiles, K.J., Egan, S.J., & Kane, R. T. (2012). The validity of the transdiagnostic cognitive behavioural model of eating disorders in predicting dietary restraint. Eating Behaviors, 13, 123126. doi:10.1016/j.eatbeh.2011.11.007
Lethbridge, J., Watson, H.J., Egan, S.J., Street, H., & Nathan, P.R. (2011). The role of perfectionism, dichotomous thinking, shape and weight overvaluation, and conditional goal setting in eating disorders. Eating Behaviors, 12, 200206. doi:10.1016/j.eatbeh.2011.04.003
Lloyd, S., Schmidt, U., Khondoker, M., & Tchnaturia, K. (2015). Can psychological interventions reduce perfectionism? A systematic review and meta-analysis. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 43, 705731. doi:10.1017/S1352465814000162
Riley, C., Lee, M., Cooper, Z., Fairburn, C.G., & Shafran, R. (2007). A randomised controlled trial of cognitive-behaviour therapy for clinical perfectionism: A preliminary study. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 45, 22212231. doi:10.1016/j.brat.2006.12.003
Shafran, R., Cooper, Z., & Fairburn, C.G. (2002). Clinical perfectionism: A cognitive-behavioural analysis. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 40, 773791. doi:10.1016/S0005-7967%2801%2900059-6
Shafran, R., Lee, M., Payne, E., & Fairburn, C.G. (2006). The impact of manipulating personal standards on eating attitudes and behaviour. Behavior Research and Therapy, 44, 897906. doi:10.1016%2Fj.brat.2005.08.009
Shafran, R., & Mansell, W. (2001). Perfectionism and psychopathology: A review of research and treatment. Clinical Psychology Review, 21, 879906. doi:10.1016/S0272-7358%2800%2900072-6
Sheehan, D.V., & Lecrubier, Y. (Eds.). (2009). Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview 6.0.0. Tampa, FL: University of South Florida.
Sheehan, D.V., Lecrubier, Y., Sheehan, K.H., Janavs, J., Weiller, E., Keskiner, A., . . . Dunbar, G.C. (1997). The validity of the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) according to the SCID-P and its reliability. European Psychiatry, 12, 232241. doi:10.1016/s0924-9338(97)83297-x
Steele, A.L., O'Shea, A., Murdock, A., & Wade, T.D. (2011). Perfectionism and its relation to overevaluation of weight and shape and depression in an eating disorder sample. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 44, 459464. doi:10.1002/eat.20817
Steele, A.L., Waite, S., Egan, S.J., Finnigan, J., Handley, A., & Wade, T.D. (2013). Psycho-education and group cognitive-behavioural therapy for clinical perfectionism: A case-series evaluation. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 41, 129143. doi:10.1017/S1352465812000628
Stoeber, J., & Damian, L.E. (2014). The Clinical Perfectionism Questionnaire: Further evidence for two factors capturing perfectionistic strivings and concerns. Personality and Individual Differences, 61, 3842. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2014.01.003
Weissman, A.N., & Beck, A.T. (1978, April). Development and validation of the Dysfunctional Attitude Scale: A preliminary investigation. Paper presented at the American Educational Research Association Meeting, Toronto, Canada.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Behaviour Change
  • ISSN: 0813-4839
  • EISSN: 2049-7768
  • URL: /core/journals/behaviour-change
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed