N.H. Anderson (1968). Likableness ratings of 555 personality trait words. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 9 (3), 272–279.
S.L. Baker , N. Heinrichs , H.-J. Kim , & S.G. Hofmann (2002). The Leibowitz Social Anxiety Scale as a self-report instrument: A preliminary psychometric analysis. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 40, 701–715.
A.T. Beck , R.A. Steer , & M.G. Garbin (1988). Psychometric properties of the BDI: Twenty-five years of evaluation. Clinical Psychology Review, 8, 77–100.
M.L. Boone , D.W. McNeil , C.L. Masia , C.L. Turk , L.E. Carter , B.J. Ries , & M.R. Lewin (1999). Multimodal comparisons of social phobia subtypes and avoidant personality disorder. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 13, 271–292.
L.A. Clark , & D. Watson (1988). Mood and the mundane: Relations between daily life events and self-reported mood. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 54, 296–308.
B.J. Cox , N.A. Rector , R.M. Bagby , R.P. Swinson , A.J. Levitt , & R.T. Joffe (2000). Is self-criticism unique for depression? A comparison with social phobia. Journal of Affective Disorders, 57, 223–228.
T. Furmark , M. Tillfors , H. Stattin , L. Ekselius , & M. Fredrikson (2000). Social phobia subtypes in the general population revealed by cluster analysis. Psychological Medicine, 30, 1335–1344.
A. Hackmann , D.M. Clark , & F. McManus (2000). Recurrent images and early memories in social phobia. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 38, 601–610.
E.E. Hardin , & F.T.L. Leong (2005). Optimism and pessimism as mediators of the relations between self-discrepancies and distress among Asian and European Americans. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 52 (1), 25–35.
R.G. Heimberg , D.A. Hope , C.S. Dodge , & R.E. Becker (1990). DSM-III-R subtypes of social phobia: Comparison of generalised social phobics and public speaking phobics. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 178 (8), 172–179.
R.G. Heimberg , G.P. Mueller , C.S. Holt , D.A. Hope , & M.R. Leibowitz (1992). Assessment of anxiety in social interaction and being observed by others: The Social Interaction Anxiety Scale and the Social Phobia Scale. Behavior Therapy, 23, 53–73.
E.T. Higgins (1987). Self-discrepancy: A theory relating self and affect. Psychological Review, 94 (3), 319–340.
E.T. Higgins , R.N. Bond , R. Klein , & T.J. Strauman (1986). Self-discrepancies and emotional vulnerability: How magnitude, accessibility, and type of discrepancy influence affect. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51 (1), 5–15.
E.T. Higgins , R. Klein , & T.J. Strauman (1985). Self-concept discrepancy theory: A psychological model for distinguishing among different aspects of depression and anxiety. Social Cognition, 3 (1), 51–76.
C.R. Hirsh , D.M. Clark , A. Mathews , & R. Williams (2003). Self-images play a causal role in social phobia. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 41 (8), 909–921.
C.R. Hirsh , A. Mathews , D.M. Clark , R. Williams , & J.A. Morrison (2006). The causal role of negative imagery in social anxiety: A test in confident public speakers. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 37 (2), 159–170.
C.R. Hirsh , T. Meynen , & D.M. Clark (2004). Negative self-imagery in social anxiety contaminates social interactions. Memory, 12 (4), 496–506.
S.G. Hofmann , N. Heinrichs , & D.A. Moscovitch (2004). The nature and expression of social phobia: Toward a new classification. Clinical Psychology Review, 24, 769–797.
A.A. Hughes , R.G. Heimberg , M.E. Coles , B.E. Gibb , M.R. Leibowitz , & F.R. Schneier (2006). Relations of the factors of the tripartite model of anxiety and depression to types of social anxiety. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 44 (11), 1629–1641.
I. Hughes (2002). A cognitive therapy model of social anxiety problems: Potential limits on its effectiveness? Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice, 75, 411–435.
M.R. Leary (2007). Motivational and emotional aspects of the self. Annual Review of Psychology, 58, 317–344.
M.R. Leibowitz (1987). Social phobia. Modern Problems in Pharmacopsychiatry, 22, 141–173.
L.K. Libby , & R.P. Eibach (2002). Looking back in time: Self-concept change affects visual perspective in autobiographical memory. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 82 (2), 167–179.
S. Mannuzza , F.R. Schneier , T.F. Chapman , M.R. Leibowitz , D.F. Klein , & A.J. Fyer (1995). Generalized social phobia: Reliability and validity. Archives of General Psychiatry, 52, 230–237.
N.R. Marmorstein (2006). Generalized versus performance-focused social phobia: Patterns of comorbidity among youth. Anxiety Disorders, 20, 778–793.
R.P. Mattick , & J.C. Clarke (1998). Development and validation of measures of social phobia scrutiny fear and social interaction anxiety. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 36, 455–470.
S. Ozgul , B. Heubeck , J. Ward , & R. Wilkinson (2003). Self-discrepancies: Measurement and relation to various negative affective states. Australian Journal of Psychology, 55 (1), 56–62.
G. Perugi , S. Nassini , I. Maremmani , D. Madro , C. Toni , E. Simmonini , & H.S. Akiskal (2001). Putative clinical subtypes of social phobia: A factor analytical study. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 104 (4), 280–288.
R.M. Rapee , & R.G. Heimberg (1997). A cognitive-behavioural model of anxiety in social phobia. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 35 (8), 741–756.
S.A. Safren , R.G. Heimberg , K.J. Horner , H.R. Juster , F.R. Schneier , & M.R. Leibowitz (1999). Factor structure of social fears: The Leibowitz social anxiety scale. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 13 (3), 253–270.
S.A. Safren , C.L. Turk , & R.G. Heimberg (1998). Factor structure of the Social Interaction Anxiety Scale and the Social Phobia Scale. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 36 (4), 443–453.
L. Scott , & M.W. O'Hara (1993). Self-discrepancies in clinically anxious and depressed university students. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 102, 282–287.
J.M. Spurr , & L. Stopa (2003). The observer perspective: Effects on social anxiety and performance. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 41, 1009–1028.
M.B. Stein , & R. Deutsch (2003). In search of social phobia subtypes: Similarity of feared social situations. Depression and Anxiety, 17, 94–97.
R.T. Stemberger , S.M. Turner , D.C. Beidel , & K.S. Calhoun (1995). Social phobia: An analysis of possible developmental factors. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 104, 526–531.
T.J. Strauman (1989). Self-discrepancies in clinical depression and social phobia: Cognitive structures that underlie emotional disorders? Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 98 (1), 14–22.
T.J. Strauman (1992). Self-guides, autobiographical memory, and anxiety and dysphoria: Toward a cognitive model of vulnerability to emotional distress. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 101, 87–95.
T.J. Strauman , & E.T. Higgins (1988). Self-discrepancies as predictors of vulnerability to distinct syndromes of chronic emotional distress. Journal of Personality 56 (4), 685–707.
J.P. Tangney , P.M. Niedenthal , M.V. Covert , & D.H. Barlow (1998). Are shame and guilt related to distinct self-discrepancies? A test of Higgins’ (1987) hypotheses. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 75 (1), 256–268.
S. Vassilopoulos (2005). Social anxiety and the effects of engaging in mental imagery. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 29 (3), 261–277.
M. Weilage , & D.A. Hope (1999). Self-discrepancy in social phobia and dysthymia. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 23 (6), 637–650.
A. Wells , & C. Papageorgiou (1999). The observer perspective: Biased imagery in social phobia, agoraphobia, and blood/injury phobia. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 37 (7), 653–658.
J.K. Wilson , & R.M. Rapee (2005). The interpretation of negative social events in social phobia: Changes during treatment and relationship to outcome. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 43, 373–389.