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Extending a Gradient Symbolic approach to the native versus non-native contrast: The case of plurals in compounds

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  03 March 2016

Potsdam Research Institute for Multilingualism
Address for correspondence: João Veríssimo, Potsdam Research Institute for Multilingualism, University of Potsdam, Haus 2, Campus Golm, Karl-Liebknecht-Straße 24–25, 14476 Potsdam,


The Gradient Symbolic Computation (GSC) model presented in the keynote article (Goldrick, Putnam & Schwarz) constitutes a significant theoretical development, not only as a model of bilingual code-mixing, but also as a general framework that brings together symbolic grammars and graded representations. The authors are to be commended for successfully integrating a theory of grammatical knowledge with the voluminous research on lexical co-activation in bilinguals. It is, however, unfortunate that a certain conception of bilingualism was inherited from this latter research tradition, one in which the contrast between native and non-native language takes a back seat.

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Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2016 

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