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The architecture of the bilingual word recognition system: From identification to decision

  • Ton Dijkstra (a1) and Walter J.B. van Heuven (a1)

Abstract

The paper opens with an evaluation of the BIA model of bilingual word recognition in the light of recent empirical evidence. After pointing out problems and omissions, a new model, called the BIA+, is proposed. Structurally, this new model extends the old one by adding phonological and semantic lexical representations to the available orthographic ones, and assigns a different role to the so-called language nodes. Furthermore, it makes a distinction between the effects of non-linguistic context (such as instruction and stimulus list composition) and linguistic context (such as the semantic and syntactic effects of sentence context), based on a distinction between the word identification system itself and a task/decision system that regulates control. At the end of the paper, the generalizability of the BIA+ model to different tasks and modalities is discussed.

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Address for correspondence: Ton Dijkstra, NICI, University of Nijmegen, P.O. Box 9104, 6500 HE Nijmegen, The Netherlands. E-mail: dijkstra@nici.kun.nl

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The architecture of the bilingual word recognition system: From identification to decision

  • Ton Dijkstra (a1) and Walter J.B. van Heuven (a1)

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