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Convergence as an optimization strategy in bilingual speech: Evidence from code-switching

  • ALMEIDA JACQUELINE TORIBIO (a1)

Abstract

The present article examines one property of bilingual speech – convergence – and strives towards explanatory depth by attending to the insights of the antecedent research in formal linguistics, psycholinguistics, and sociolinguistics. In particular, the paper adopts as a point of departure (and further substantiates) the argument that convergence will be evidenced in the syntax–pragmatic interface (Hulk and Müller, 2000) and the assertion that convergence is a ‘bilingual optimization strategy’ (Muysken, 2002), in advancing the claim that convergence (cum congruent lexicalization) in bilingual speech may be amplified or attenuated in tandem with the language mode (bilingual versus monolingual) of the bilingual (Grosjean, 1998). Specifically, it will be demonstrated through an analysis of two individual bilinguals' productions in both monolingual and bilingual modes that the convergence that is already manifested to some degree in these individuals' Spanish is enhanced in Spanish-English code-switching when their languages are simultaneously activated and deployed.

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Corresponding author

Address for correspondence: Department of Spanish, Italian and Portuguese, The Pennsylvania State University, 211 Burrowes Building, University Park, PA 16802, USA, E-mail: ajt5@psu.edu

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I wish to thank Eduardo Faingold, Luis López, and Jeff MacSwan for insightful comments on the manuscript, and Barbara Bullock for stimulating discussions on the research. I would also like to thank Jürgen Meisel for his patience.

Footnotes

Convergence as an optimization strategy in bilingual speech: Evidence from code-switching

  • ALMEIDA JACQUELINE TORIBIO (a1)

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