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Therapeutic communities and planned environments for serious offenders in English prisons

  • Barbara Rawlings and Rex Haigh
Summary

Several English prisons contain democratic therapeutic communities (TCs) for personality disordered offenders, and addiction TCs for serious substance misusers. This article describes how these are organised and comments on how they are specifically tailored and accredited for use in custodial settings. It also describes ‘psychologically informed planned environments’ (PIPEs), offender pathways for those with personality disorders and psychopathy which provide additional support for psychological treatment. It ends by explaining how ‘enabling environments’ are assessed, since these are now becoming widely adopted in prisons to reverse toxic environments – which affect staff, the prison and the outside world as well as the individual prisoner – and to counter negative learning found in custodial institutions.

Learning Objectives

• Understand the key components of treatment in democratic and addiction TCs

• Understand how TCs can operate in a custodial environment

• Appreciate the differences between a planned environment and a psychological treatment programme in a custodial environment

Copyright
References
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Therapeutic communities and planned environments for serious offenders in English prisons

  • Barbara Rawlings and Rex Haigh
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