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Anti-NMDA-receptor encephalitis presenting with catatonia and neuroleptic malignant syndrome in patients with intellectual disability and autism

  • Reza Kiani (a1) (a2), Mark Lawden (a3), Penelope Eames (a3), Peter Critchley (a3), Sabyasachi Bhaumik (a1) (a4), Sunita Odedra (a4) and Rohit Gumber (a1)...
Summary

We report anti-N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor encephalitis in two patients with autism and intellectual disability presenting with neuropsychiatric symptoms of catatonia and neuroleptic malignant syndrome. Case reports such as these help raise awareness of this clinical issue. By paving the way for earlier diagnoses they ultimately maximise the potential for curative treatments and prevention of long-term complications.

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Copyright
This is an open-access article published by the Royal College of Psychiatrists and distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Corresponding author
Correspondence to Reza Kiani (Reza.Kiani@leicspart.nhs.uk)
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References
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Anti-NMDA-receptor encephalitis presenting with catatonia and neuroleptic malignant syndrome in patients with intellectual disability and autism

  • Reza Kiani (a1) (a2), Mark Lawden (a3), Penelope Eames (a3), Peter Critchley (a3), Sabyasachi Bhaumik (a1) (a4), Sunita Odedra (a4) and Rohit Gumber (a1)...
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