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Enhanced peer-review for optimising publication of biomedical papers submitted to low- and middle-income countries: feasibility study for a randomised controlled trial

  • Alexandra Pitman (a1), Raphael Underwood (a2), Adam Hamilton (a3), Peter Tyrer (a4) and Min Yang (a5)...
Abstract
Background

Biomedical research from low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) is poorly represented in Western European and North American psychiatric journals.

Aims

To test the feasibility of trialling a capacity-building intervention to improve LMIC papers' representation in biomedical journals.

Method

We designed an enhanced peer-review intervention delivered to LMIC corresponding/first authors of papers rejected by the British Journal of Psychiatry. We conducted a feasibility study, inviting consenting authors to be randomised to intervention versus none, measuring recruitment and retention rates, outcome completion and author/reviewer-rated acceptability.

Results

Of the 26/121 consenting to participate, 12 were randomised to the intervention and 14 to the control arms. Outcome completion was 100% but qualitative feedback from authors/reviewers was mixed, with attrition from 5/12 (42%) of intervention reviewers.

Conclusions

Low interest among eligible authors and variable participation of expert reviewers suggested low feasibility of a full trial and a need for intervention redesign.

Declaration of interest

A.P., P.T. and M.Y. are British Journal of Psychiatry editorial board members. During this study P.T. was British Journal of Psychiatry Editor, A.P. was a trainee editor and A.H. was an editorial assistant.

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Copyright
This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Corresponding author
Correspondence: Alexandra Pitman, Senior Clinical Lecturer, UCL Division of Psychiatry, Maple House, 149 Tottenham Court Road, London W1T 7NF, UK. Email: a.pitman@ucl.ac.uk
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Enhanced peer-review for optimising publication of biomedical papers submitted to low- and middle-income countries: feasibility study for a randomised controlled trial

  • Alexandra Pitman (a1), Raphael Underwood (a2), Adam Hamilton (a3), Peter Tyrer (a4) and Min Yang (a5)...
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