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Excess cause-specific mortality in out-patients with personality disorder

  • Charlotte Björkenstam (a1), Emma Björkenstam (a2), Bengt Gerdin (a3) and Lisa Ekselius (a4)
Summary

Personality disorders (PDs) are associated with increased overall mortality. In patients hospitalised with a principal diagnosis of PD, this is observed for all clusters and for natural as well as unnatural causes of death. Data from Swedish nationwide registers were used to assess whether this was also true for the majority of patients diagnosed with PDs not severe enough to lead to hospitalisation. There was an increased mortality in all clusters, and for natural as well as unnatural death, also in patients treated as out-patients only, although not to the same extent as in those hospitalised.

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Copyright
This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Corresponding author
Lisa Ekselius, Department of Neuroscience, Psychiatry, Uppsala University, Uppsala University, Uppsala University Hospital, 751 85 Uppsala, Sweden. Email: lisa.ekselius@neuro.uu.se
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Declaration of interest

None.

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References
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Excess cause-specific mortality in out-patients with personality disorder

  • Charlotte Björkenstam (a1), Emma Björkenstam (a2), Bengt Gerdin (a3) and Lisa Ekselius (a4)
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