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Guidelines for the public on how to provide mental health first aid: narrative review

  • Anthony F. Jorm (a1) and Anna M. Ross (a2)
Abstract
Background

Expert-consensus guidelines have been developed for how members of the public should assist a person with a mental health problem or in a mental health crisis.

Aims

This review aimed to examine the range of guidelines that have been developed and how these have been implemented in practice.

Method

A narrative review was carried out based on a systematic search for literature on the development or implementation of the guidelines.

Results

The Delphi method has been used to develop a wide range of guidelines for English-speaking countries, Asian countries and a number of other cultural groups. The primary implementation has been through informing the content of training courses.

Conclusion

Further work is needed on guidelines for low- and middle-income countries.

Declaration of interest

A.F.J. is an unpaid member of the Board of Mental Health First Aid International (trading as Mental Health First Aid Australia), which is a not-for-profit organisation.

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Copyright
This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/), which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is unaltered and is properly cited. The written permission of Cambridge University Press must be obtained for commercial re-use or in order to create a derivative work.
Corresponding author
Correspondence: Anthony F. Jorm, Centre for Mental Health, Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, University of Melbourne, 207 Bouverie Street, Carlton 3010, Australia. Email: ajorm@unimelb.edu.au
References
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79Ross, AM, Kelly, CM, Jorm, AF. Re-development of mental health first aid guidelines for non-suicidal self-injury: a Delphi study. BMC Psychiatry 2014; 14: 236.
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81Bond, KS, Jorm, AF, Kitchener, BA, Kelly, CM, Chalmers, KJ. Development of guidelines for family and non-professional helpers on assisting an older person who is developing cognitive impairment or has dementia: a Delphi expert consensus study. BMC Geriatr 2016; 16: 129.
82Kelly, CM, Jorm, AF, Kitchener, BA, Langlands, RL. Development of mental health first aid guidelines for deliberate non-suicidal self-injury: a Delphi study. BMC Psychiatry 2008; 8: 62.
83Langlands, RL, Jorm, AF, Kelly, CM, Kitchener, BA. First aid for depression: a Delphi consensus study with consumers, carers and clinicians. J Affect Disord 2008; 105: 157–65.
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85Kelly, CM, Jorm, AF, Kitchener, BA. Development of mental health first aid guidelines on how a member of the public can support a person affected by a traumatic event: a Delphi study. BMC Psychiatry 2010; 10: 49.
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88Hart, LM, Bourchier, SJ, Jorm, AF, Kanowski, LG, Kingston, AH, Stanley, D, et al. Development of mental health first aid guidelines for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people experiencing problems with substance use: a Delphi study. BMC Psychiatry 2010; 10: 78.
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92Colucci, E, Kelly, CM, Minas, H, Jorm, AF, Nadera, D. Mental Health First Aid guidelines for helping a suicidal person: a Delphi consensus study in the Philippines. Int J Ment Health Syst 2010; 4: 32.
93Colucci, E, Kelly, CM, Minas, H, Jorm, AF, Chatterjee, S. Mental Health First Aid guidelines for helping a suicidal person: a Delphi consensus study in India. Int J Ment Health Syst 2010; 4: 4.
94De Silva, SA, Colucci, E, Mendis, J, Kelly, CM, Jorm, AF, Minas, H. Suicide first aid guidelines for Sri Lanka: a Delphi consensus study. Int J Ment Health Syst 2016; 10: 53.
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Guidelines for the public on how to provide mental health first aid: narrative review

  • Anthony F. Jorm (a1) and Anna M. Ross (a2)
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