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Local availability of green and blue space and prevalence of common mental disorders in the Netherlands

  • Sjerp de Vries (a1), Margreet ten Have (a2), Saskia van Dorsselaer (a2), Manja van Wezep (a2), Tia Hermans (a1) and Ron de Graaf (a2)...
Abstract
Background

Previous studies revealed a relationship between residential green space availability and health, especially mental health. Studies on blue space are scarcer and results less conclusive.

Aims

To investigate the hypotheses that green and blue space availability are negatively associated with anxiety and mood disorders, and positively associated with self-reported mental and general health.

Method

Health data were derived from a nationally representative survey (NEMESIS-2, n=6621), using a diagnostic interview to assess disorders. Green and blue space availability were expressed as percentages of the area within 1 km from one's home.

Results

The hypotheses were confirmed, except for green space and mood disorders. Associations were generally stronger for blue space than for green space, with ORs up to 0.74 for a 10%-point increase.

Conclusions

Despite the different survey design and health measures, the results largely replicate those of previous studies on green space. Blue space availability deserves more systematic attention.

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Copyright
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Non-Commercial, No Derivatives (CC BY-NC-ND) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
Corresponding author
Sjerp de Vries, Environmental Research (Alterra), Wageningen University & Research, PO Box 47, 6700 AA, Wageningen, The Netherlands. Email: sjerp.devries@wur.nl
Footnotes
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Declaration of interest

None.

Footnotes
References
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Local availability of green and blue space and prevalence of common mental disorders in the Netherlands

  • Sjerp de Vries (a1), Margreet ten Have (a2), Saskia van Dorsselaer (a2), Manja van Wezep (a2), Tia Hermans (a1) and Ron de Graaf (a2)...
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