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Prevalence and correlates of explosive anger among pregnant and post-partum women in post-conflict Timor-Leste

  • Derrick Silove (a1), Susan Rees (a2), Natalino Tam (a3), Mohammed Mohsin (a4), Alvin Kuowei Tay (a4) and Wietse Tol (a5)...
Abstract
Background

Little is known about explosive anger as a response pattern among pregnant and post-partum women in conflict-affected societies.

Aims

To investigate the prevalence and correlates of explosive anger among this population in Timor-Leste.

Method

We assessed traumatic events, intimate partner violence, an index of adversity, explosive anger, psychological distress and post-traumatic stress disorder among 427 women (257 in the second trimester of pregnancy, 170 who were 3–6 months postpartum) residing in two districts of Timor-Leste (response >99%).

Results

Two-fifths (43.6%) had explosive anger. Levels of functional impairment were related to frequency of explosive anger episodes. Explosive anger was associated with age (>35 years), being married, low levels of education, being employed, traumatic event count, ongoing adversity and intimate partner violence.

Conclusions

A combination of social programmes and novel psychological therapies may assist in reducing severe anger among pregnant and post-partum women in conflict-affected countries such as Timor-Leste.

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Copyright
This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Corresponding author
Derrick Silove, Psychiatry Research and Teaching Unit and Ingham Institute, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2170, Australia. E-mail: d.silove@unsw.edu.au
Footnotes
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Declaration of interest

None.

Footnotes
References
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Prevalence and correlates of explosive anger among pregnant and post-partum women in post-conflict Timor-Leste

  • Derrick Silove (a1), Susan Rees (a2), Natalino Tam (a3), Mohammed Mohsin (a4), Alvin Kuowei Tay (a4) and Wietse Tol (a5)...
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