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Prevalence of mental health conditions and relationship with general health in a whole-country population of people with intellectual disabilities compared with the general population

  • Laura A. Hughes-McCormack (a1), Ewelina Rydzewska (a1), Angela Henderson (a1), Cecilia MacIntyre (a2), Julie Rintoul (a3) and Sally-Ann Cooper (a1)...
Abstract
Background

There are no previous whole-country studies on mental health and relationships with general health in intellectual disability populations; study results vary.

Aims

To determine the prevalence of mental health conditions and relationships with general health in a total population with and without intellectual disabilities.

Method

Ninety-four per cent completed Scotland's Census 2011. Data on intellectual disabilities, mental health and general health were extracted, and the association between them was investigated.

Results

A total of 26 349/5 295 403 (0.5%) had intellectual disabilities. In total, 12.8% children, 23.4% adults and 27.2% older adults had mental health conditions compared with 0.3, 5.3 and 4.5% of the general population. Intellectual disabilities predicted mental health conditions; odds ratio (OR)=7.1 (95% CI 6.8–7.3). General health was substantially poorer and associated with mental health conditions; fair health OR=1.8 (95% CI 1.7–1.9), bad/very bad health OR=4.2 (95% CI 3.9–4.6).

Conclusions

These large-scale, whole-country study findings are important, given the previously stated lack of confidence in comparative prevalence results, and the need to plan services accordingly.

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Copyright
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Non-Commercial, No Derivatives (CC BY-NC-ND) license.
Corresponding author
Sally-Ann Cooper, Institute of Health and Wellbeing, University of Glasgow, Mental Health and Wellbeing Group, Administrative Building, Gartnavel Royal Hospital, 1055 Great Western Road, Glasgow G12 0XH, UK. Email: Sally-Ann.Cooper@glasgow.ac.uk
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Declaration of interest

None.

Footnotes
References
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Prevalence of mental health conditions and relationship with general health in a whole-country population of people with intellectual disabilities compared with the general population

  • Laura A. Hughes-McCormack (a1), Ewelina Rydzewska (a1), Angela Henderson (a1), Cecilia MacIntyre (a2), Julie Rintoul (a3) and Sally-Ann Cooper (a1)...
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