Bermingham, S, Cohen, A, Hague, J, Parsonage, M. The cost of somatisation among the working-age
population in England for the year 2008–2009.
Ment Health Fam Med
Seivewright, H, Salkovskis, P, Green, J, Mullan, N, Behr, G, Carlin, E, et al. Prevalence and service implications of health
anxiety in genitourinary medicine clinics. Int J
2004; 15: 519–22.
Reid, S, Crayford, T, Patel, A, Wessely, S, Hotopf, M. Frequent attenders in secondary care: a 3-year
follow-up study of patients with medically unexplained
symptoms. Psychol Med
2003; 33: 519–24.
Warwick, HM, Clark, DM, Cobb, AM, Salkovskis, PM. A controlled trial of cognitive-behavioural
treatment of hypochondriasis. Br J
1996; 169: 189–95.
England, NHS. Quality Premium: 2013/14 Guidance for CCGs.
Olatunji, BO, Kauffman, BY, Meltzer, S, Davis, ML, Smits, JA, Powers, MB. Cognitive-behavioral therapy for
hypochondriasis/health anxiety: a meta-analysis of treatment outcome and
moderators. Behav Res Ther
Tyrer, P, Cooper, S, Salkovskis, P, Tyrer, H, Crawford, M, Byford, S, et al. Clinical and cost-effectiveness of cognitive
behaviour therapy for health anxiety in medical patients: a multicentre
randomised controlled trial. Lancet
2014; 383: 219–25.
Williams, C, House, A. Cognitive behaviour therapy for health
2014; 383: 190–1.
Department of Health. Talking Therapies: A
Four-Year Plan of Action. Department of
Tyrer, H, Tyrer, P, Lovett, I. Adapted cognitive-behavior therapy for medically
unexplained symptoms in secondary care reduces hospital
2011; 52: 194–7.
Clark, DM, Layard, R, Smithies, R. Improving Access to Psychological Therapy: Initial
Evaluation of the Two Demonstration Sites. LSE
Centre for Economics Performance,
Glover, G, Webb, M, Evison, E. Improving Access to Psychological Therapies: A Review of
the Progress Made by Sites in the First Roll-Out Year.
North East Public Health Observatory,
Hedman, E, Axelsson, E, Görling, A, Ritzman, C, Ronnheden, M, El Alaoui, S, et al. Internet-delivered exposure-based
cognitive-behavioural therapy and behavioural stress management for
severe health anxiety: randomised controlled trial.
Br J Psychiatry
2014; 205: 307–14.
Hedman, E, Lekander, M, Ljótsson, B, Lindefors, N, Rück, C, Hofmann, SG, et al. Sudden gains in internet-based cognitive
behaviour therapy for severe health anxiety.
Behav Res Ther
2014; 54: 22–9.
Hollis, C, Morriss, R, Martin, J, Amani, S, Cotton, R, Denis, M, et al. Technological innovations in mental
healthcare: harnessing the digital revolution. Br
2015; 206: 263–5.
Bee, PE, Bower, P, Lovell, K, Gilbody, S, Richards, D, Gask, L, et al. Psychotherapy mediated by remote
communication technologies: a meta-analytic review.
2008; 8: 60.
Lintvedt, OK, Sorensen, K, Ostvik, AR, Verplanken, B. Wang CE. The need for web-based cognitive behaviour
therapy among university students. J Technol Hum
2008; 26: 239–58.
Salkovskis, PM, Rimes, KA, Warwick, HM, Clark, DM. The Health Anxiety Inventory: development and
validation of scales for the measurement of health anxiety and
hypochondriasis. Psychol Med
2002; 321: 843–53.
Blackburn, IM, James, IA, Milne, DL, Baker, C, Standart, S, Garland, A, et al. The revised Cognitive Therapy Scale (CTS-R):
psychometric properties. Behav Cogn
2001; 29: 431–46.
Spitzer, RL, Kroenke, K, Williams, JB, Löwe, B. A brief measure for assessing generalized anxiety
disorder: the GAD-7. Arch Intern Med
2006; 166: 1092–7.
Kroenke, K, Spitzer, RL, Williams, JB. The PHQ-15: validity of a new measure for evaluating
the severity of somatic symptoms. Psychosom
2002; 64: 258–66.
Kroenke, K, Spitzer, RL, Williams, JB. The PHQ-9: validity of a brief depression severity
measure. J Gen Intern Med
2001; 16: 606–13.
Mundt, JC, Marks, IM, Shear, MK, Greist, JH. The Work and Social Adjustment Scale: a simple
measure of impairment in functioning. Br J
2002; 180: 461–4.
EuroQol Group. EuroQol-a new facility for
the measurement of health-related quality of life.
Ware, JE, Kezinski, M, Dewey, JE. How to Score Version Two of the SF-36 Health
Survey. Quality Matrix,
Beecham, J, Knapp, M. Costing psychiatric interventions.
In Measuring Mental Health Needs (ed. Thornicroft, G): 200–24. Gaskell,
First, MB, Williams, JB, Karg, RS, Spitzer, MD. Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-5 Disorders.
American Psychiatric Association,
Scott, AIF, Freeman, CPL. Edinburgh primary care depression study: treatment
outcome, patient satisfaction and cost after 16 weeks.
1992; 304: 883–7.
Miller, SD, Duncan, BL, Brown, J, Sparks, J, Claud, D. The outcome ratingscale: a preliminary study of the
reliability, validity, and feasibility of a brief visual analog
measure. J Brief Ther
Duncan, BL, Miller, SD, Sparks, J, Claud, D, Reynolds, L, Brown, J, et al. The Session Rating Scale: preliminary
psychometric properties of a “working” alliance measure.
J Brief Ther
Hatcher, RL, Gillaspy, JA. Development and validation of a revised short
version of the Working Alliance Inventory.
Carpenter, J, Goldstein, H, Kenward, MG. REALCOM-IMPUTE software for multilevel multiple
imputation with mixed response types. J Stat
Morriss, R, Marttunnen, S, Garland, A, Nixon, N, McDonald, R, Sweeney, T, et al. Randomised controlled trial of the clinical
and cost effectiveness of a specialist team for managing refractory
unipolar depressive disorder. BMC
2010; 10: 100.
Rowley, E, Currie, G, Morriss, R, Schneider, J. Research into practice: Collaboration for Leadership
in Applied Health Research and Care (CLAHRC) for Nottinghamshire,
Derbyshire, Lincolnshire (NDL). Implement
2012; 4: 40.
Braun, V, Clarke, V. Using thematic analysis in
psychology. Qual Res Psychol
Morriss, R, Kai, J, Atha, C, Avery, A, Bayes, S, Franklin, M, et al. Persistent frequent attenders in primary
care: costs, reasons for attendance, organisation of care and potential
for cognitive behavioural therapeutic intervention.
BMC Fam Pract
2012; 13: 39.