1Stewart, J. Address by the Honourable Jane Stewart Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development on the Occasion of the Unveiling of Gathering Strength—Canada's Aboriginal Action Plan. Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada, 1998.
2Stanley, J, Tomison, AM, Pocock, J. Child Abuse and Neglect in Indigenous Australian Communities. Australian Institute of Family Studies, 2003.
3Reid, J, Taylor-Moore, K, Varona, G. Towards a social-structural model for understanding current disparities in maori health and well-being. J Loss Trauma 2014; 19: 514–36.
4US Department of Health and Human Services. Mental Health: Culture, Race and Ethnicity – A Supplement to Mental Health: A Report of the Surgeon General. Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Center for Mental Health Services, 2001.
5Campbell, CD, Evans-Campbell, T. Historical trauma and Native American child development and mental health: An overview. In American Indian and Alaska Native Children and Mental Health: Development, Context, Prevention, and Treatment (eds Sarche, M, Spicer, P, Farrell, P, Fitzgerald, H): 1–26. Praeger, 2011.
6Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission. Bringing Them Home: Report of the National Inquiry into the Separation of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Children from Their Families. Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission, 1997.
7Australian Bureau of Statistics. Census of Population and Housing: Characteristics of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians. Cat. no. 2076.0. Commonwealth of Australia, 2016.
8Indian Health Service. Trends in Indian Health: 2014. US Department of Health and Human Services, 2014.
9Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada. Fact Sheet – 2011 National Household Survey Aboriginal Demographics, Educational Attainment and Labour Market Outcomes. Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada, 2013.
10Statistics Canada. Aboriginal Statistics at a Glance (2nd edn). Statistics Canada, 2015
11Hajizadeh, M, Hu, M, Bombay, A, Asada, Y. Socioeconomic inequalities in health among Indigenous Peoples living off-reserve in Canada: trends and determinants. Health Policy 2018; 122: 854–65.
12Fahy, K, Lee, A, Milne, B. New Zealand Socio-Economic Index 2013. Statistics New Zealand, 2017.
13Statistics New Zealand. NZ Social Indicators: Employment 2013. Statistics New Zealand, 2017.
14United States Census Bureau. 2017 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates. United States Census Bureau, 2017.
15Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Australia's Health 2016. . Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2016.
16Health Canada. A Statistical Profile on the Health of First Nations in Canada: Self-Rated Health and Selected Conditions, 2002 to 2005. Health Canada, 2005.
17Indian Health Service. Fact Sheet – Indian Health Disparities. Indian Health Service, 2019.
18Mitrou, F, Cooke, M, Lawrence, D, Povah, D, Mobilia, E, Guimond, E, et al. Gaps in Indigenous disadvantage not closing: A census cohort study of social determinants of health in Australia, Canada, and New Zealand from 1981–2006. BMC Public Health 2014; 14: 1–9.
19Reading, C, Wien, F. Health Inequalities and Social Determinants of Aboriginal Peoples’ Health. National Collaborating Centre for Aboriginal Health, 2009.
20Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Comparing Life Expectancy of Indigenous People in Australia, New Zealand, Canada and the United States: Conceptual, Methodological and Data Issue. . Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2011.
21Australian Human Rights Commission. A Ten-Year Review: The Closing the Gap Strategy and Recommendations for Reset. The Close the Gap Campaign Steering Committee for Indigenous Health Equality, 2018.
22Statistics New Zealand. NZ Social Indicators: Life Expectancy. Statistics New Zealand, 2017.
23New Zealand Ministry of Justice. New Zealand Crime & Safety Survey: Main Findings. New Zealand Ministry of Justice, 2014.
24Willis, M. Non-Disclosure of Violence in Australian Indigenous Communities. Trends & Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice. . Australian Institute of Criminology, 2011.
25Statistics Canada. Victimization of Aboriginal People in Canada, 2014. Cat. no. 85-002-x. Statistics Canada, 2016.
26American Psychiatric Association. APA Fact Sheet: Mental Health Disparities: American Indians and Alaska Natives. APA, 2017.
27Holland, C, Dudgeon, P, Milroy, H. The Mental Health and Social and Emotional Wellbeing of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples, Families and Communities. Supplementary Paper to: A Contributing Life: the 2012 National Report Card on Mental Health and Suicide Prevention. National Mental Health Commission, 2013.
28Maurtiz, M, Goossens, PJ, Draijer, N, van Achterberg, T. Prevalence of interpersonal trauma exposure and trauma-related disorders in severe mental illness. Eur J Psychotraumatol 2013; 4: 1–16.
29King, M, Smith, A, Gracey, M. Indigenous health Part 2: the underlying causes of the health gap. Lancet 2009; 374: 76–85.
30Statistics New Zealand. NZ Social Indicators: Prevalence of Psychological Distress. Statistics New Zealand, 2017.
31Australian Bureau of Statistics. The Health and Welfare of Australia's Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples. Cat. no. 4704.0. Commonwealth of Australia, 2010.
32Durie, M. Indigenous health: New Zealand experience. Med J Aust 2012; 197: 10–1.
33Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Alcohol, Tobacco & Other Drugs in Australia. Cat. no. PHE-221. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2019.
34Australian Bureau of Statistics. Causes of Death, Australia, 2016. Cat. no. 3303.0. Commonwealth of Australia, 2016.
35Statistics New Zealand. NZ Social Indicators: Suicide. Statistics New Zealand, 2017.
36Zubrick, S, Shepherd, C, Dudgeon, P, Gee, G, Paradies, Y, Scrine, C, et al. Social determinants of social and emotional wellbeing. In Working Together: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Mental Health and Wellbeing Principles and Practice (eds Dudgeon, P, Milroy, H, Walker, R): 93–112. Commonwealth of Australia, 2014.
37Australian Bureau of Statistics. Persons in Corrective Services. Cat. no. 4512.0. Commonwealth of Australia, 2017.
38US Bureau of Justice Statistics. Jails in Indian Country, 2014 (Summary). US Bureau of Justicice Statistics, 2015.
39Department of Corrections New Zealand. Prison Facts and Statistics – March 2017. Department of Corrections New Zealand, 2017.
40Reitano, J. Adult Correctional Statistics in Canada. Cat. no. 85-002-x. Statistics Canada, 2017.
41United States Census Bureau. Population, Percent Change – April 1, 2010 (Estimates Base) to July 1, 2018 (V2018). United States Census Bureau, 2019.
42Statistics New Zealand. How is our Māori Population Changing? Statistics New Zealand, 2015.
43Public Safety Canada. 2018 Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview. . Public Works and Government Services Canada, 2019.
44Australian Bureau of Statistics. . Cat. no. 3238.0.55.001. Commonwealth of Australia, 2018.
45Fazel, S, Seewald, K. Severe mental illness in 33 588 prisoners worldwide: systematic review and meta-regression analysis. Br J Psychiatry 2012; 200: 364–73.
46Heffernan, EB, Andersen, KC, Dev, A, Kinner, S. Prevalence of mental illness among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in Queensland prisons. Med J Aust 2012; 197: 37–41.
47Castro, FG, Barrera, M, Martinez, C. The cultural adaptation of prevention interventions: resolving tensions between fidelity and fit. Prev Sci 2004; 5: 41–5.
48Campbell, CD, Evans-Campbell, T. Historical trauma and Native American child development and mental health: An overview. In Health Promotion in Multicultural Populations: A Handbook for Practitioners and Students (eds Sarche, M, Spicer, P, Farrell, P, Fitzgerald, H): 57–101. Sage, 2007.
49Griner, D, Smith, TB. Culturally adapted mental health intervention: a meta-analytic review. Psychotherapy 2006; 43: 531.
50McGough, S, Wynaden, D, Wright, M. Experience of providing cultural safety in mental health to Aboriginal patients: a grounded theory study. Int J Ment Health Nurs 2018; 27: 204–13.
51Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet Australia. National Strategic Framework for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples' Mental Health and Social and Emotional Wellbeing 2017–2023. Commonwealth of Australia, 2017.
52Dudgeon, P, Walker, R, Scrine, C, Shepherd, C, Calma, T, Ring, I. Effective Strategies to Strengthen the Mental Health and Wellbeing of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander People. Cat. no. IHW 143. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2014.
53Hinton, R, Kavanagh, D, Barclay, L, Chenhall, R, Nagel, T. Developing a best practice pathway to support improvements in Indigenous Australians’ mental health and well-being: a qualitative study. BMJ Open 2015; 5: 1–9.
54Rix, EF, Barclay, L, Wilson, S, Stirling, J, Tong, A. Service providers’ perspectives, attitudes and beliefs on health services delivery for Aboriginal people receiving haemodialysis in rural Australia: a qualitative study. BMJ Open 2013; 3: e003581.
55Abbott, P, Lloyd, JE, Joshi, C, Malera-Bandjalan, K, Baldry, E, McEntyre, E, et al. Do programs for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people leaving prison meet their health and social support needs? Aust J Rural Health 2018; 26: 6–13.
56Armstrong, E, Eggins, E, Reid, N, Harnett, P, Dawe, S. Parenting interventions for incarcerated parents to improve parenting knowledge and skills, parent well-being, and quality of the parent-child relationship: a systematic review and meta-ana. J Exp Criminol 2018; 14: 279–317.
57Coutinho, B, Hansen, A, Waage, L, Hillecke, T, Koenig, J. Music making interventions with adults in the forensic setting-A systematic review of the literature-Part I: group interventions. Music Med 2015; 7: 40–5.
58Hoing, M, Bogaerts, S, Vogelvang, B. Helping sex offenders to desist offending: the gains and drains for CoSA volunteers-A review of the literature. Sexual Abuse J Res Treatment 2016; 28: 364–402.
59Cheliotis, L. Reconsidering the effectiveness of temporary release: a systematic review. Aggress Violent Behav 2008; 13: 153–68.
60Netto, NR, Carter, JM, Bonell, C. A systematic review of interventions that adopt the ‘good lives’ approach to offender rehabilitation. J Offender Rehabil 2014; 53: 403–32.
61van Outsem, R. The applicability of neurofeedback in forensic psychotherapy: a literature review. J Forensic Psychiatry Psychol 2011; 22: 223–42.
62Sherman, L, Strang, H, Mayo-Wilson, E, Woods, D, Ariel, B. Are restorative justice conferences effective in reducing repeat offending? Findings from a campbell systematic review. J Quant Criminol 2015; 31: 1–24.
63Bryant, J, Bonevski, B, Paul, C, McElduff, P, Attia, J. A systematic review and meta-analysis of the effectiveness of behavioural smoking cessation interventions in selected disadvantaged groups. Addiction 2011; 106: 1568–85.
64Courtney, R, Naicker, S, Shakeshaft, A, Clare, P, Martire, K, Mattick, R. Smoking cessation among low-socioeconomic status and disadvantaged population groups: a systematic review of research output. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2015; 12: 6403–22.
65Hom, E, Dannenberg, A, Farquhar, S, Thornhill, L. A systematic review of health impact assessments in the criminal justice system. Am J Crim Justice 2017; 42: 883–908.
66Wilson, A, Guillaumier, A, George, J, Denham, A, Bonevski, B. A systematic narrative review of the effectiveness of behavioural smoking cessation interventions in selected disadvantaged groups (2010–2017). Expert Rev Respir Med 2017; 11: 617–30.
67Effective Public Health Practice Project (EPHPP). Quality Assessment Tool for Quantitative Studies. EPHPP, 2009.
68Armijo-olivo, S, Stiles, C, Hagen, N, Biondo, P, Cummings, G. Assessment of study quality for systematic reviews: a comparison of the Cochrane Collaboration Risk of bias Tool and the Effective Public Health Practice Project Quality Assessment Tool; methodological research. J Eval Clin Pract 2012; 18: 12–8.
69Oxford Centre for Triple Value Healthcare. Critical Appraisal Skills Program (CASP) Qualitiave Research Checklist. Oxford Centre for Triple Value Healthcare, 2017.
70Hannes, K. Critical appraisal of qualitative research. In Supplementary Guidance for Inclusion of Qualitative Research in Cochrane Systematic Reviews of Interventions Version 1 (eds Noyes, J, Booth, A, Hannes, K, Harden, A, Harris, J, Lwein, S, et al. ). Cochrane Collaboration Qualitative Methods Group, 2011.
71Hodgins, F, Gnich, W, Ross, A, Sherriff, A, Worlledge-Andrew, H. How lay health workers tailor in effective health behaviour change interventions: a protocol for a systematic review. Syst Rev 2016; 5: 102–8.
72Crundall, I, Deacon, K. A prison-based alcohol use education program: evaluation of a pilot study. Subst Use Misuse 1997; 32: 767–77.
73Gossage, P, Barton, L, Foster, L, Etsitty, L, LoneTree, C, Leonard, C, et al. Sweat lodge ceremonies for jail-based treatment. J Psychoactive Drugs 2003; 35: 33–42.
74Stewart, L, Hamilton, E, Wilton, G, Cousineau, C, Varrette, S. The effectiveness of the Tupiq program for Inuit sex offenders. Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol 2015; 59: 1338–57.
75Rossiter, C, Power, T, Fowler, C, Jackson, D, Roche, M, Dawson, A. ‘Learning to become a better man’: insights from a fathering programme for incarcerated Indigenous men. Aust J Soc Issues 2017; 52: 13–31.
76Yuen, F, Pedlar, A. Leisure as a context for justice: Experiences of ceremony for Aboriginal women in prison. J Leis Res 2009; 41: 547–64.
77Yuen, F. ‘I've never been so free in all my life’: healing through Aboriginal ceremonies in prison. Leisure 2011; 35: 97–113.
78Trevethan, S, Crutcher, N, Moore, J, Mileto, J. Pê Sâkâstêw Centre: An In-Depth Examination of a Healing Lodge for Federally Incarcerated Offenders. Correctional Service of Canada, Research Branch, 2007.
79Kunic, D, Varis, D. The Aboriginal Offender Substance Abuse Program: Examining the Effects of Successful Completion on Post-Release Outcomes. Correctional Service Canada, 2009.
80Weekes, JR, Millson, WA. Native Offender Substance Abuse Pre-Treatment Program: Intermediate Measures of Program Effectiveness. Correctional Service Canada, 1994.
81Thompson, J. An Examination of the Circles of Change Program. . Correctional Service Canada, 2010.
82Stewart, L, Hamilton, E, Wilton, G, Cousineau, C, Varrette, S. An Examination of the Effectiveness of Tupiq: A Culturally Specific Program for Inuit Sex Offenders. Correctional Service Canada, 2009.
83Trevethan, S, Moore, J, Naqitarvik, L. The Tupiq Program for Inuit Sexual Offenders: A Preliminary Investigation. Correctional Services Canada, 2004.
84Bell, A, Flight, JI. An Evaluation of the Spirit of a Warrior Program for Women Offenders. Correctional Service Canada, 2006.
85Trevethan, S, Moore, J, Allegri, N. The ‘In Search of Your Warrior’ Program for Aboriginal Offenders: A Preliminary Evaluation. Correctional Service Canada, 2005.
86Campbell, N. The Department of Corrections’ tikanga-based programmes. Practice 2016; 4: 1–4.
87McMurran, M. Motivating Offenders to Change: A Guide to Enhancing Engagement in Therapy. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2002.
88Howells, K, Day, A. Readiness for treatment in high risk offenders with personality disorders. Psychol Crime Law 2007; 13: 47–56.
89Bowler, N, Phillips, C, Rees, P. The association between imported factors and prisoners’ mental health: implications for adaptation and intervention. Int J Law Psychiatry 2018; 57: 61–6.
90Shepherd, SM. Can a connection to culture reduce mental illness symptoms and risk for future violence? Aust Psychol 2019; 54: 151–6.
91Lundell, H, Niederdeppe, J, Clarke, C. Public views about health causation, attributions of responsibility, and inequality. J Health Commun 2013; 18: 1116–30.
92Gollust, SE, Cappella, JN. Understanding public resistance to messages about health disparities. J Health Commun 2014; 19: 493–510.
93Westerman, T. Engaging Australian Aboriginal youth in mental health services. Aust Psychol 2010; 45: 212–22.
94Ashdown, JD, Treharne, GJ, Neha, T, Dixon, B, Aitken, C. Māori men's experiences of rehabilitation in the moana house therapeutic community in Aotearoa/New Zealand: a qualitative enquiry. Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol 2019; 63: 734–51.
95Dingwall, K, Nagel, T. AIMhi Stay Strong App.: User Guide. Menzies School of Health Research, 2014.
96United Nations General Assembly. UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. United Nations, 2007.
97Simpson, P, Guthrie, J, Butler, T. Prison health service directors’ view on research priorities and organizational issues in conducting research in prison: outcomes of a national deliberative roundtable. Int J Prison Health 2017; 13: 113–23.
99Hannah-Moffat, K. Criminological Cliques: Narrowing Dialogues, Institutional Protectionism, and the Next Generation : 440–55. University of Toronto Press, 2011.
100Spencer, S-J. Striving for Balance Between Participation and Protection in Research Involving Prison Populations. SAGE Publications, 2017.
101Kendall, E, Sunderland, N, Barnett, L, Nalder, G, Matthews, C. Beyond the rhetoric of participatory research in indigenous communities: advances in Australia over the last decade. Qual Health Res 2011; 21: 1719–28.
102National Health and Medical Research Council. Researching Right Way: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Research Ethics: A Domestic and International Review. National Health and Medical Research Council, 2013.
103National Health and Medical Research Council. Ethical Conduct in Research with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples and Communities: Guidelines for Researchers and Stakeholders. National Health and Medical Research Council, 2018.
104National Health and Medical Research Council. Keeping Research on Track: a Guide for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples About Health Research Ethics. National Health and Medical Research Council, 2006.
105Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies. Guidelines for Ethical Research in Australian Indigenous Studies. Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies, 2012.