Published online by Cambridge University Press: 13 November 2019
I am the first to admit that my career has not followed a conventional path. But in talking to my colleagues, I am not sure that there is a conventional path to an academic career. This retrospective is both a look at how the profession has changed over the forty years since I began graduate school in the late 1970s, and a reflection on my own trajectory within that profession. Historiographical references reflect my own views and are not meant to be comprehensive. I first discovered the history of science as an undergraduate history major at Connecticut College in the early 1970s. The course of physics for non-majors I took with David Fenton was based on Harvard Project Physics, which had been developed in the 1960s by two professors of science education, F. James Rutherford and Fletcher G. Watson, and the historian of science Gerald Holton. We actually wrote term papers for the class; mine was on the theory that Stonehenge was an astronomical observatory.
For their comments, I wish to thank Benita Blessing, Lucinda Cole, Michael A. Osborne and Anna Marie Roos. They are not responsible for any of the opinions expressed herein.
4 Shapin, Steven and Thackray, Arnold, ‘Prosopography as a research tool in the history of science: the British scientific community, 1700–1900’, History of Science (1974) 12, pp. 1–28CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed. Sam's final project was a massive database of early modern scientists, which was carried on after his death by Robert Hatch at the University of Florida. See http://users.clas.ufl.edu/ufhatch/pages/03-Sci-Rev/SCI-REV-Home/resource-ref-read/major-minor-ind/westfall-dsb/index.htm.
5 Anita Guerrini, ‘Newtonian matter theory, chemistry, and medicine, 1690–1713’, PhD dissertation, Indiana University, 1983.
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11 Guerrini, Anita, Obesity and Depression in the Enlightenment: The Life and Times of George Cheyne, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2000Google Scholar. I have always hated the title. I must thank Bob Markley, who persuaded me to send the manuscript to the series he was then editing at Oklahoma.
12 An important book on this topic is Welsch, Kathleen A. (ed.), Those Winter Sundays: Female Academics and Their Working-Class Parents, Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 2005Google Scholar.
13 Robert B. Townsend and Julia Brookins, ‘The troubled academic job market for history’, Perspectives on History, February 2016, at www.historians.org/publications-and-directories/perspectives-on-history/february-2016/the-troubled-academic-job-market-for-history. I should add that there were a lot more PhDs in 2009 than in 1984.
14 Thomas, Keith, Man and the Natural World, London: Allen Lane, 1983Google Scholar; Ritvo, Harriet, The Animal Estate, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1987Google Scholar. Ritvo gives a good overview of animal history in the 1980s in the introduction to her Noble Cows and Hybrid Zebras: Essays on Animals and History, Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2010, pp. 1–12.
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19 Nancy Siraisi, ‘Introduction’, in Early Anatomy in Comparative Perspective, op. cit. (18), pp. 3–10, 10.
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22 Guerrini, Anita, The Courtiers’ Anatomists: Animals and Humans in Louis XIV's Paris, Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2015CrossRefGoogle Scholar; articles that were not part of the book project include Guerrini, , ‘Duverney's skeletons’, Isis (2003) 94, pp. 577–603CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed; Guerrini, , ‘Anatomists and entrepreneurs in early eighteenth-century London’, Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences (2004) 59, pp. 219–239CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed; Guerrini, , ‘The creativity of God and the order of nature: anatomizing monsters in the early eighteenth century’, in Wolfe, Charles (ed.), Monsters and Philosophy, London: KCL Press, 2005, pp. 153–168Google Scholar; Guerrini, , ‘Alexander Monro primus and the moral theatre of anatomy’, The Eighteenth Century: Theory and Interpretation (2006) 47, pp. 1–18CrossRefGoogle Scholar; Guerrini, , ‘Advertising monstrosity: broadsides and human exhibition in early eighteenth-century Britain’, in Fumerton, Patricia and Guerrini, Anita, with McAbee, Kris (eds.), British Ballads and Broadsides, 1500–1800, Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2010, pp. 109–127Google Scholar; Guerrini, , ‘The value of a dead body’, in Deutsch, Helen and Terrall, Mary (eds.), Vital Matters, Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2012, pp. 246–264Google Scholar; Guerrini, , ‘Experiments, causation, and the uses of vivisection in the first half of the seventeenth century’, Journal of the History of Biology (2013) 46, pp. 227–254CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed; Guerrini, , ‘The hermaphrodite of Charing Cross’, in Stewart, Larry and Dyck, Erika (eds.), The Uses of Humans in Experiment, Leiden: Brill, 2016, pp. 28–52Google Scholar.
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28 Among Albala, Ken's numerous works see Eating Right in the Renaissance, Berkeley: University of California Press, 2002Google Scholar; Cooking in Europe 1250–1650, Westport, CT: Greenwood, 2006; http://kenalbala.blogspot.com. Smith, Pamela, The Body of the Artisan, Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2004CrossRefGoogle Scholar; https://www.makingandknowing.org; Elaine Leong, Recipes and Everyday Knowledge, Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2018; https://recipes.hypotheses.org.
29 Spary and Zilberstein, op. cit. (27).
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36 Guerrini, Anita, ‘The trouble with plovers’, in Keulartz, Jozef, Drenthen, Martin and Proctor, James D. (eds.), New Visions of Nature: Complexity and Authenticity, Cham: Springer, 2009, pp. 75–89CrossRefGoogle Scholar; Guerrini, Anita and Dugan, Jenifer E., ‘Informing ecological restoration in a coastal environment’, in Hall, Marcus (ed.), Restoration and History, New York: Routledge, 2010, pp. 131–142Google Scholar; Higgs, Eric, Falk, Donald, Guerrini, Anita, Hall, Marcus, Harris, Jim, Hobbs, Richard, Jackson, Stephen, Rhemtulla, Jeanine and Throop, William, ‘The changing role of history in restoration ecology’, Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment (2014) 12(9), pp. 499–506CrossRefGoogle Scholar; Beller, Erin, McClenachan, Loren, Trant, Andrew, Sanderson, Eric W., Rhemtulla, Jeanine, Guerrini, Anita, Grossinger, Robin and Higgs, Eric, ‘Toward principles of historical ecology’, American Journal of Botany (2017) 104(5), pp. 1–4CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed; Guerrini, Anita, Burnette, Donald and Dugan, Jenifer E., ‘Invisible landscapes: perception, heritage, and coastal change in southern California’, in Price, Lisa and Marchi, Nemer (eds.), Coastal Heritage and Cultural Resilience, Cham: Springer, 2018, pp. 23–38CrossRefGoogle Scholar.
37 Guerrini, Anita, ‘Deep history, evolutionary history, and animals in the Anthropocene’, in Keulartz, Jozef and Bovenkerk, Beatrice (eds.), Animal Ethics in the Age of Humans, Cham: Springer, 2016, pp. 25–37CrossRefGoogle Scholar; Guerrini, , ‘Animals and ecological science’, in Kalof, Linda (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Animal Studies, New York: Oxford University Press, 2016, pp. 489–505Google Scholar.
38 See, for example, Jordyn Brown, ‘State reviewing how it divvies up higher education money’, Register-Guard (Eugene, Oregon), 25 August 2019, at www.registerguard.com/news/20190825/state-reviewing-how-it-divvies-up-higher-education-money, quoting a state official about differential state funding for STEM majors versus liberal-arts majors: ‘Our intent is not to undervalue the liberal arts, but the state has decided it wants to generate more STEM graduates because that's what the industry has said it needs’, not specifying what industry.
39 Katie Rose Guest Pryal, ‘Quit lit is about labor conditions’, Women in Higher Education, 7 June 2018, at www.wihe.com/article-details/74/quit-lit-is-about-labor-conditions. My thanks to Laura Miller for this reference.