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Sadi Carnot and the Steam Engine: Nicolas Clément's lectures on industrial chemistry 1823–28

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  05 January 2009

Philip Lervig
Affiliation:
Institute of Physics, University of Aarhus, DK 8000 Aarhus C., Denmark.

Extract

Le manuscrit publié ici pour la première fois se compose des notes du cours de Chimie Industrielle professé par Nicolas Clément au Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers à Paris en 1823, prises par le mathématicien L. B. Francoeur. Quelques extraits de ce même cours, datant de 1824–28, rédigés par J. M. Baudot, ont été ajoutés. Plusieurs de ces extraits ont déja été publiés précédemment.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © British Society for the History of Science 1985

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References

Since I consider the story to be presented here as being well suited as an introduction to the prehistory of thermodynamics, I have chosen to explain the basic ideas of Carnot's theory in slightly more detail than is customary.

I want to thank Ole Knudsen for many useful discussions, Robert Fox and Keith Hutchison for very valuable criticism and Jacques Chevallier for aid with the transcriptions. I am grateful to M. Bouniol from Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers, Paris and Mme. Jacques, Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Beaux-Arts, Paris, for allowing me to publish the manuscripts.

1 Throughout this paper, I shall refer to the annotated edition: Sadi, Carnot: Réflexions sur la puissance motrice du feu, édition critique par Fox, Robert (Paris 1978)Google Scholar, where the original pagination appears in [ ]. This edition also contains transcriptions of all the significant Carnot manuscripts that have survived.

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22 Carnot, ibid., p. [27].

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28 Carnot, ibid., p. [100]–[102]n.

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36 Kuhn, Th. S.: ‘Sadi Carnot and the Cagnara Engine.’ Isis, 52, 1961, p. 567574CrossRefGoogle Scholar, esp. p. 571.

37 This will be explained in my forthcoming book on Sadi Carnot and the birth of thermodynamics.

38 Payen, , op. cit. (5).Google Scholar

39 Payen, , op. cit. (6).Google Scholar

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41 Sadi, Carnot: ‘Trad. Machine à vapeur de Mr Watt’Google Scholar (manuscript in Carnot's handwriting in the file ‘Sadi Carnot. Promotion 1812’ in the main library, Ecole Polytechnique, Palaiseau, France).

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55 Payen, , op. cit. (6)Google Scholar; Francoeur notes, p. {53}.

56 Payen, , op. cit. (6).Google Scholar

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