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Retrospectives: Unconventional paths

  • ANITA GUERRINI (a1)
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Footnotes

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For their comments, I wish to thank Benita Blessing, Lucinda Cole, Michael A. Osborne and Anna Marie Roos. They are not responsible for any of the opinions expressed herein.

Footnotes

References

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1 Holton, Gerald, ‘Harvard project physics: a report on its aims and current status’, Physics Education (1969) 4, pp. 1925.

2 For a summary see Palmer, William G., ‘The burden of proof: J.H. Hexter and Christopher Hill’, Journal of British Studies (1979) 19, pp. 122129. The TLS articles appeared in November 1975.

3 Westfall, R.S., Force in Newton's Physics, London: Macdonald, 1971.

4 Shapin, Steven and Thackray, Arnold, ‘Prosopography as a research tool in the history of science: the British scientific community, 1700–1900’, History of Science (1974) 12, pp. 128. Sam's final project was a massive database of early modern scientists, which was carried on after his death by Robert Hatch at the University of Florida. See http://users.clas.ufl.edu/ufhatch/pages/03-Sci-Rev/SCI-REV-Home/resource-ref-read/major-minor-ind/westfall-dsb/index.htm.

5 Anita Guerrini, ‘Newtonian matter theory, chemistry, and medicine, 1690–1713’, PhD dissertation, Indiana University, 1983.

6 Westfall, R.S., Never at Rest, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1980.

7 Thackray, Arnold, Atoms and Powers, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1970; Metzger, Hélène, Atttraction universelle et religion naturelle chez quelques commentateurs anglais de Newton, Paris: Hermann, 1938; Shapin, Steven, ‘History of science and its sociological reconstructions’, History of Science (1982) 20, pp. 157211; Shapin, , ‘Of gods and kings: natural philosophy and politics in the Leibniz–Clarke disputes’, Isis (1981) 72, pp. 187215; Schofield, Robert, Mechanism and Materialism, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1970; Rattansi, P.M. and McGuire, J.E., ‘Newton and the “Pipes of Pan”’, Notes and Records of the Royal Society (1966) 21, pp. 108143; Jacob, Margaret C., The Newtonians and the English Revolution, Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1976; Frank, Robert G. Jr, Harvey and the Oxford Physiologists, Berkeley: University of California Press, 1980; Brown, Theodore M., ‘From mechanism to vitalism in eighteenth-century English physiology’, Journal of the History of Biology (1974) 7, pp. 179216. This list is, of course, just the tip of the iceberg.

8 Simon Schaffer, ‘Newtonian cosmology and the steady state’, PhD thesis, Cambridge University, 1980; Rousseau, G.S. and Porter, Roy (eds.), The Ferment of Knowledge: Studies in the Historiography of Eighteenth-Century Science, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1980.

9 Worster, Donald, Nature's Economy: The Roots of Ecology, San Francisco: Sierra Club Books, 1977; Cronon, William, Changes in the Land, New York: Hill and Wang, 1983.

10 Guerrini, Anita, Natural History and the New World, 1524–1770: An Annotated Bibliography, Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society Library, 1986. An updated online edition appeared in 2002, at www.amphilsoc.org/guides/guerrini.

11 Guerrini, Anita, Obesity and Depression in the Enlightenment: The Life and Times of George Cheyne, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2000. I have always hated the title. I must thank Bob Markley, who persuaded me to send the manuscript to the series he was then editing at Oklahoma.

12 An important book on this topic is Welsch, Kathleen A. (ed.), Those Winter Sundays: Female Academics and Their Working-Class Parents, Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 2005.

13 Robert B. Townsend and Julia Brookins, ‘The troubled academic job market for history’, Perspectives on History, February 2016, at www.historians.org/publications-and-directories/perspectives-on-history/february-2016/the-troubled-academic-job-market-for-history. I should add that there were a lot more PhDs in 2009 than in 1984.

14 Thomas, Keith, Man and the Natural World, London: Allen Lane, 1983; Ritvo, Harriet, The Animal Estate, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1987. Ritvo gives a good overview of animal history in the 1980s in the introduction to her Noble Cows and Hybrid Zebras: Essays on Animals and History, Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2010, pp. 1–12.

15 French, Richard, Antivivisection and Medical Science in Victorian Society, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1975; Maehle, A.H. and Tröhler, U., ‘Animal experimentation from antiquity to the end of the eighteenth century’, in Rupke, Nicolaas (ed.), Vivisection in Historical Perspective, New York: Routledge, 1987, pp. 1447.

16 Guerrini, Anita, ‘The ethics of animal experimentation in seventeenth-century England’, Journal of the History of Ideas (1989) 50, pp. 391407.

17 Guerrini, Anita, Experimenting with Humans and Animals: From Galen to Animal Rights, Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2003.

18 Staden, Heinrich von, Herophilus, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989; French, Roger, Dissection and Vivisection in the European Renaissance, Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 1999; Cunningham, Andrew, The Anatomical Renaissance, Aldershot: Scolar Press, 1996; Wear, Andrew, ‘Introduction’, in Harvey, William, The Circulation of the Blood and Other Writings, trans. Franklin, K.J., London: J.M. Dent, 1990, pp. vxv; Siraisi, Nancy, Medieval and Renaissance Medicine, Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1990; Park, Katharine, ‘The criminal and the saintly body: autopsy and dissection in Renaissance Italy’, Renaissance Quarterly (1994) 7, pp. 133; Park, , ‘The life of the corpse: division and dissection in late medieval Europe’, Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences (1995) 50, pp. 111132; Sawday, Jonathan, The Body Emblazoned: Dissection and the Human Body in Renaissance Culture, New York: Routledge, 1995; Carlino, Andrea, Books of the Body: Anatomical Ritual and Renaissance Learning, trans. Tedeschi, John and C. Tedeschi, Anne, Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1999; Early Anatomy in Comparative Perspective, special issue of Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences (1995) 50(1); Domenico Bertoloni Meli (ed.), Marcello Malpighi: Physician and Anatomist, Nuncius (1997) 27.

19 Nancy Siraisi, ‘Introduction’, in Early Anatomy in Comparative Perspective, op. cit. (18), pp. 3–10, 10.

20 Richardson, Ruth, Death, Dissection, and the Destitute, London: Routledge, 1988.

21 Roger, Jacques, Les sciences de la vie dans la pensée française au XVIIIe siècle, nouvelle édition, Paris: Albin Michel, 1993; translated as The Life Sciences in Eighteenth-Century French Thought (ed. Keith Benson, trans. Robert Ellrich), Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1997. Salomon-Bayet, Claire, L'institution de la science et l'expérience du vivant, Paris: Flammarion, 1978.

22 Guerrini, Anita, The Courtiers’ Anatomists: Animals and Humans in Louis XIV's Paris, Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2015; articles that were not part of the book project include Guerrini, , ‘Duverney's skeletons’, Isis (2003) 94, pp. 577603; Guerrini, , ‘Anatomists and entrepreneurs in early eighteenth-century London’, Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences (2004) 59, pp. 219239; Guerrini, , ‘The creativity of God and the order of nature: anatomizing monsters in the early eighteenth century’, in Wolfe, Charles (ed.), Monsters and Philosophy, London: KCL Press, 2005, pp. 153168; Guerrini, , ‘Alexander Monro primus and the moral theatre of anatomy’, The Eighteenth Century: Theory and Interpretation (2006) 47, pp. 118; Guerrini, , ‘Advertising monstrosity: broadsides and human exhibition in early eighteenth-century Britain’, in Fumerton, Patricia and Guerrini, Anita, with McAbee, Kris (eds.), British Ballads and Broadsides, 1500–1800, Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2010, pp. 109127; Guerrini, , ‘The value of a dead body’, in Deutsch, Helen and Terrall, Mary (eds.), Vital Matters, Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2012, pp. 246264; Guerrini, , ‘Experiments, causation, and the uses of vivisection in the first half of the seventeenth century’, Journal of the History of Biology (2013) 46, pp. 227254; Guerrini, , ‘The hermaphrodite of Charing Cross’, in Stewart, Larry and Dyck, Erika (eds.), The Uses of Humans in Experiment, Leiden: Brill, 2016, pp. 2852.

23 Meli, Domenico Bertoloni, Mechanism, Experiment, Disease, Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2011; Meli, Bertoloni, Visualizing Disease, Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2018; Bouley, Bradford, Pious Postmortems, Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2017; Dacome, Lucia, Malleable Anatomies, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017; Donato, Maria-Pia, Morte improvvisi, Rome: Carocci, 2010; translated as Sudden death, trans. Valentina Mazzei, Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2014; Hendriksen, Marieke, Elegant Anatomy, Leiden: Brill, 2015; Klestinec, Cynthia, Theaters of Anatomy, Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2011; Knoeff, Rina and Zwijnenberg, Robert (eds.), The Fate of Anatomical Collections, Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2015; Mandressi, Raphael, Le regard de l'anatomiste, Paris: Seuil, 2003; Margócsy, Daniel, Commercial Visions, Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2014; Margócsy, Daniel, Somos, Mark and Joffe, Stephen N., The Fabrica of Andreas Vesalius: A Worldwide Descriptive Census, Ownership, and Annotations of the 1543 and 1555 Editions, Leiden: Brill, 2018; Messbarger, Rebecca, The Lady Anatomist, Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2010.

24 Guerrini, Anita, ‘The ghastly kitchen’, History of Science (2016) 54, pp. 78104.

25 Guerrini, Anita, ‘A diet for a sensitive soul: vegetarianism in eighteenth-century Britain’, Eighteenth-Century Life (1999) 23, pp. 3442.

26 Guerrini, Anita, ‘Introduction, special review section, “The new culinary history”’, Early Science and Medicine (1999) 4, pp. 164165.

27 Laudan, Rachel, ‘A kind of chemistry: the origins of modern French food’, Petits propos culinaires (1999) 62, pp. 822; E.C. Spary and Barbara Orland (eds.), Food and Medicine 1650–1820, special issue of Studies in the History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences (2013) 43; Spary, E.C., Eating the Enlightenment: Food and the Sciences in Paris, 1670–1760, Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2012; Spary, , Feeding France: New Sciences of Food, 1760–1815, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014; Williams, Elizabeth, ‘Sciences of appetite in the Enlightenment, 1750–1800’, Studies in the History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences (2012) 43, pp. 392404; Guerrini, Anita, ‘Health, national character and the English diet in 1700’, Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences (2012) 43, pp. 349356; Guerrini, , ‘The impossible ideal of moderation: food, drink, and longevity’, in Knoeff, Rina and Kennaway, James (eds.), The Six Non-naturals: Lifestyle and Medicine before Modernity, Routledge, in press 2019; Guerrini, ‘A natural history of the kitchen’, in E.C. Spary and Anya Zilberstein (eds.), Food Matters: Critical Histories of Food and the Sciences, Osiris, forthcoming 2020.

28 Among Albala, Ken's numerous works see Eating Right in the Renaissance, Berkeley: University of California Press, 2002; Cooking in Europe 1250–1650, Westport, CT: Greenwood, 2006; http://kenalbala.blogspot.com. Smith, Pamela, The Body of the Artisan, Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2004; https://www.makingandknowing.org; Elaine Leong, Recipes and Everyday Knowledge, Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2018; https://recipes.hypotheses.org.

29 Spary and Zilberstein, op. cit. (27).

30 See most recently Haraway, Donna, Staying with the Trouble, Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2016.

31 Fudge, Erica, ‘A left-handed blow: writing the history of animals’, in Rothfels, Nigel (ed.), Representing Animals, Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2002, pp. 318.

32 Carson, James P., ‘Thinking animals’, Eighteenth-Century Studies (2016) 49, pp. 531542, 533.

33 Guerrini, The Courtiers’ Anatomists, op. cit. (22), pp. 3–5, 118–127.

34 An excellent survey of recent work is Cole, Lucinda, ‘Animal studies and the eighteenth century: the nature of the beast’, Literature Compass, 2019, doi: 10.1111/lic3.12536.

35 Appuhn, Karl, ‘Ecologies of beef: eighteenth-century epizootics and the environmental history of early modern Europe’, Environmental History (2010) 15, pp. 268287; Mitman, Gregg, Reel Nature, Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1999; Daston, Lorraine and Mitman, Gregg (eds.), Thinking with animals, New York: Columbia University Press, 2005; Pimentel, Juan, The Rhinoceros and the Megatherium, trans. Mason, Peter, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2017; Milam, Erika Lorraine, Creatures of Cain: The Hunt for Human Nature in Cold War America, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2019; Rees, Amanda (ed.), Animal Agents, BJHS Themes (2017), 2.

36 Guerrini, Anita, ‘The trouble with plovers’, in Keulartz, Jozef, Drenthen, Martin and Proctor, James D. (eds.), New Visions of Nature: Complexity and Authenticity, Cham: Springer, 2009, pp. 7589; Guerrini, Anita and Dugan, Jenifer E., ‘Informing ecological restoration in a coastal environment’, in Hall, Marcus (ed.), Restoration and History, New York: Routledge, 2010, pp. 131142; Higgs, Eric, Falk, Donald, Guerrini, Anita, Hall, Marcus, Harris, Jim, Hobbs, Richard, Jackson, Stephen, Rhemtulla, Jeanine and Throop, William, ‘The changing role of history in restoration ecology’, Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment (2014) 12(9), pp. 499506; Beller, Erin, McClenachan, Loren, Trant, Andrew, Sanderson, Eric W., Rhemtulla, Jeanine, Guerrini, Anita, Grossinger, Robin and Higgs, Eric, ‘Toward principles of historical ecology’, American Journal of Botany (2017) 104(5), pp. 14; Guerrini, Anita, Burnette, Donald and Dugan, Jenifer E., ‘Invisible landscapes: perception, heritage, and coastal change in southern California’, in Price, Lisa and Marchi, Nemer (eds.), Coastal Heritage and Cultural Resilience, Cham: Springer, 2018, pp. 2338.

37 Guerrini, Anita, ‘Deep history, evolutionary history, and animals in the Anthropocene’, in Keulartz, Jozef and Bovenkerk, Beatrice (eds.), Animal Ethics in the Age of Humans, Cham: Springer, 2016, pp. 2537; Guerrini, , ‘Animals and ecological science’, in Kalof, Linda (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Animal Studies, New York: Oxford University Press, 2016, pp. 489505.

38 See, for example, Jordyn Brown, ‘State reviewing how it divvies up higher education money’, Register-Guard (Eugene, Oregon), 25 August 2019, at www.registerguard.com/news/20190825/state-reviewing-how-it-divvies-up-higher-education-money, quoting a state official about differential state funding for STEM majors versus liberal-arts majors: ‘Our intent is not to undervalue the liberal arts, but the state has decided it wants to generate more STEM graduates because that's what the industry has said it needs’, not specifying what industry.

39 Katie Rose Guest Pryal, ‘Quit lit is about labor conditions’, Women in Higher Education, 7 June 2018, at www.wihe.com/article-details/74/quit-lit-is-about-labor-conditions. My thanks to Laura Miller for this reference.

40 Daniel Bessner and Michael Brenes, ‘A moral stain on the profession’, Chronicle of Higher Education, 26 April 2019, at www.chronicle.com/article/a-moral-stain-on-the-profession.

For their comments, I wish to thank Benita Blessing, Lucinda Cole, Michael A. Osborne and Anna Marie Roos. They are not responsible for any of the opinions expressed herein.

Retrospectives: Unconventional paths

  • ANITA GUERRINI (a1)

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