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Vilhjalmur Stefansson, the Continental Shelf, and a New Arctic Continent

  • Trevor H. Levere (a1)

Between the Napoleonic Wars and the First World War, roughly two hundred expeditions set out for what is now the Canadian Arctic, from its boundary with Alaska in the West, along the northern shore of Canada and including the Arctic archipelago between that shore and the pole, to the marine boundary with Danish Greenland in the East. For more than half a century, these expeditions were little concerned with Canada as a political entity; after all, it had not yet been truly created as a nation. Besides, science was a major part of the mandate of many of the Arctic expeditions, almost half of which achieved significant scientific results; and science, while partly a national activity, was also a trans-national one. John Franklin's last expedition, made famous by disaster, had, typically, been largely motivated by scientific curiosity; the resolution of geomagnetic questions loomed large in Franklin's instructions.

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This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

D. M. Knight , The Nature of Science, London, 1976

J. Morrell and A. Thackray , Gentlemen of Science. Early Years of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, Oxford, 1981.

C. Wilkes , Narrative of the United States exploring expedition During the years 1838, 1839, 1840, 1841, 1842, Philadelphia, 1845

W. G. Ross , ‘Canadian sovereignty in the Arctic; the Neptune expedition of 1903–4’, Arctic, (1976), 29, pp. 87104.

S. R. Tompkins , ‘Drawing the Alaska boundary’, Canadian Historical Review, (1945), 26, pp. 124.

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The British Journal for the History of Science
  • ISSN: 0007-0874
  • EISSN: 1474-001X
  • URL: /core/journals/british-journal-for-the-history-of-science
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