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Why was Faraday excluded from the Sandemanians in 1844?

  • Geoffrey Cantor (a1)
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1 For example, Gladstone, J.H., Michael Faraday, London, 1872, p. 35; Thompson, S.P., Michael Faraday, his Life and Work, London, 1898, pp. 297298; Marryat, H., ‘A student of scripture’, The Times, 21 09 1931, supplement, p. vii; Martin, T., Faraday, London, 1934, p. 116; Farber, E. (ed.), Great Chemists, New York and London, 1961, p. 470.

2 Kahlbaum, G.W.A. and Darbishire, F.V. (eds), The Letters of Faraday and Schoenbein, 18361862, Basle and London 1899, pp. 122123.

3 Gladstone, , Faraday, 1872, p. 35. Emphasis added.

4 Thompson, , Faraday, 1898, pp. 297298. Emphasis added.

5 ‘Court Circular’, The Times, 0103 1844.

6 See, for example, notes 286 and 290 in Thompson, Faraday. See also J.S. and Thompson, H.G., Sylvanus P. Thompson, his Life and Letters, London, 1920, p. 167.

7 Jones, H. Bence, The Life and Letters of Faraday, London, 1870; Tyndall, J., Faraday as a Discoverer, London, 1868.

8 Undated newspaper cutting in Reid, David's ‘Faraday’ volume, fol. 382, in possession of Mrs R. Brennan of Richmond, Yorkshire; Jerrold, W., Michael Faraday: Man of Science, London, 1891?, p. 100.

9 See Gladstone, , Faraday, 2nd edn, London, 1873, pp. 81, 84 & 131.

10 ‘A list of the London Church established at Glovers Hall in the year 1762’, manuscript volume in Edinburgh Meeting House.

11 Pike, S., An Account of the Christian Practices Observed by the Church in Barnsbury Grove, Barnsbury, London, and other Churches in Fellowship with them, in a Letter to a friend (n.d.), p. 8; Anon., The Customs of the Churches of Christ as Found in the New Testament (Edinburgh, 1908), pp. 910.

12 Barnard, J., The Nature and Government of the Church of Christ, 1761, reprinted in Morison, J., The Church of the Living God, Perth, 1855, p. 30.

13 Gladstone, , Faraday, 2nd edn. 1873, p. 36. Emphasis added.

14 Sims, G.R., The Referee, 21 06 1891, p. 7; Anon., ‘Sandemanianism from the sportsman's point of view’, The Clan, 1898, 3, pp. 24–6; Newspaper cutting, op. cit. (8); Daily Telegraph, 3 07 1891. Roll of the London Meeting House shows that Faraday was not excluded in 1856 but there is evidence that he came close to exclusion in 1850: see my forthcoming biography of Faraday.

15 See op. cit. (10).

16 1 Corinthians 11:18–34. See Pike, , op. cit. (11), pp. 1215; Anon., Customs, op. cit. (11), pp. 1316.

17 Alexander, John to Hutton, Alexander, 14 07 1797, Glasite Church MSS, University of Dundee Library, MS 9/4/2(14).

18 R[orie], J., Letter on the Differences which have Arisen in the Churches Originally Established by Mr John Glas, Dundee, 1886.

19 For example, the schism of 1885. See op. cit. (18).

20 Information kindly supplied by Miss P. Clark, Assistant Registrar, Royal Archives, Windsor Castle. Dr Frank James has also failed to obtain any positive evidence.

21 ‘List of Old Buckenham’, Edinburgh Meeting House.

22 Copy of a letter ‘From the Church of Dundee to those sojourning in London’, signed Baxter, G.H., 10 12 1844, in small notebook, Edinburgh Meeting House.

23 Cree, R. to ?, 4 06 1845, in possession of Mrs R. Ferguson and Miss J.P.S. Ferguson.

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The British Journal for the History of Science
  • ISSN: 0007-0874
  • EISSN: 1474-001X
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